The Kom Ombo historical temple is located in the north of the city of Kom Ombo, about 45 kilometres north of Aswan. This temple's architectural composition is unique in that it is based on two axes, each of which represents itself. To illuminate the temple at night, an integrated lighting project was also completed. It was founded during the reign of Ptolemy VI, an Egyptian pharaoh.
Kom Ombo Temple
The Temple of Kom Ombo, dedicated to Sobek and Horus the Elder, includes two similar entrances, hypostyle halls, and sanctuaries. The temple's symmetry is a reference to the mythological bond that existed between the two gods. Kom Ombo temple History is a witness to the importance Ancient Egyptian priests placed on natural cycles and Nile crocodiles. It is built on an outcrop near a bend in the Nile where crocodiles used to collect in ancient times. Mummified crocodiles, clay coffins, and stunning reliefs adorn the temple walls. The temple can be visited on a Felucca ride or a Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan, or on a day excursion from Aswan.
The Temple of Kom Ombo is one of the must-see stops of all Egypt Nile Cruises and is included in most Egypt Travel Packages, Egypt Day Tours, and Aswan day tours. It was constructed during the Ptolemaic dynasty but some extensions were later added during the Roman era in Egypt. Kom Ombo Temple can easily be visited when you're planning any tours to Egypt or from our variety of tours from Cairo.
The history of Kom Ombo temple
Its destination is unusual, aimed at two gods, the crocodile god Sobek, and Horus the Elder, the falcon god. It has a double sanctuary, in symmetrical architecture where each half is dedicated to its god. To access the temple you currently enter from a side entrance, which once served as a door inside the enclosure. The original entrance pylon was completely eroded by the Nile.
Today the city is home to many Nubians, dispersed due to the formation of Lake Nasser. The best way to get to Kom Ombo is by the river Nile.
The temple is of the post-pharaonic era, of the same period as those of Esna and Edfu Temple. It was probably built on the foundations of a previous structure. The entrance pylon was added later by the Roman emperor Augustus, around 30 B.C.
The internal structure of the temple is very similar to that of Esna. From the front courtyard, unfortunately very damaged, two doors lead to the hypostyle hall, with eight capitals in the shape of a lotus flower, decorated with scenes related to Horus the god of the sky on the left wall and to Sobek the crocodile on the right one, where we also find the Chapel of Hathor, dedicated to the companion goddess of Horus. In the chapel, there is a collection of crocodile mummies. To the left is a large well and a basin used to raise sacred crocodiles.
The traces of the old city have disappeared along with the crocodiles, extinct for their widespread hunting. However, there remains a magnificent temple overlooking the eternal Nile.