The Valley Temple of King Chephren

The Khafre Valley Temple in the Giza complex is notably one of the best-preserved temples or structures of the Ancient Kingdom in Egypt, particularly the Fourth Dynasty. After being buried by desert sand, it was cleared of sand in the 19th century. It is an absolute marvel of engineering, and a masterpiece of ancient Egyptian monumental architecture as well. Its distinctive architectural style identifies it as one of the oldest stone buildings in Egypt, if not the world.

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After Khufu's death his son Djedfre ruled the countries only for 8 years and constructed his pyramid at Abu Rawash about 5 miles north of the Giza plateau then his second reigning son king Khafre was able to succeed his brother Djedefre in 2570 B.C on the throne, Khafre was the 4th Pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, also the son of Pharaoh Khufu. He returned to Giza and built another pyramid, which is one of the main attractions and things to do in Cairounfortunately for him overshadowed by the work of his father and you can check it out through Cairo Stopover Tour, the second pyramid in Giza is built for Chephren whose mother’s name is debatable, as some scholars believe him to be the son of Queen Meritites I, while some claim that his mother was Queen Henutsen, as both were the half-sisters and wives of Khufu.

Khafre married several women, but among them, only the names of four are known now, from several inscriptions of various tombs. He fathered 12 sons and 3 daughters, among them the most famous had been his successor Menkaure. He ruled Egypt for 26 years, although there are several opinions about the dates and duration of his reign.

Khafre built his pyramid complex at the southwest of his father`s Khufu, it took them twenty continuous years of the building which is made out of Tura limestone blocks and built over a vast base that is 215 meters in length. Its slopes were much steeper than that of the Pyramid of Khufu. The lower part of the casing stones was made of pink granite and arranged in a unique continuation of one after another instead of a straight line. The whole pyramid complex consists of a mortuary temple, a valley temple, a satellite pyramid, and a sphinx, along with the main pyramidal structure in which you can Discover it by Egypt Day Tours.

It is the second-highest pyramid built in ancient Egypt also The pyramid appears to be higher than the Pyramid of Khufu because of the higher bedrock it's built on in the same way as those of the other Kings and Pharaohs of Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty. It was brought into the limelight of the modern world in the early 19th century by the famous Italian explorer Giovanni Belzoni, but unfortunately, the pyramid was found to be empty of the mummy of Khafre and many of the stone casings also seem to have been robbed away much earlier, probably during the reign of the Pharaohs of later dynasties

Cairo Day Tours helps you to discover The Valley Temple of Khafra was made in an organized way and it was comprised of an entrance hall, an open courtyard with some large pillars, five niches off the second chamber of the temple where probably the statues of the Pharaoh were placed, five storerooms behind these five niches and finally an innermost sanctuary that contained a pair of stelae or upright rocks with written inscriptions on them and a false door through which the dead Pharaoh was believed to enter from the burial chamber to collect the offerings given to him. The front side of this temple was made of large limestone blocks, which were covered by a layer of finer limestone. The roofs of the entrance hall and the second rectangular hall were supported by thick and sturdy pillars. There were supposedly 12 statues of Khafre in the courtyard, some of whom might be seized by the kings of the later dynasties. Five boat pits are found before this mortuary temple dug out of the rock-base, which contained the boats that brought the mortal remains of the Pharaoh to preserve as a mummy in the pyramid as Tours in Cairo may assist you to know more about all.

Enjoy Cairo Day Tours From Airport and the Egypt travel packages to wander through the ancient temples and sites during many of our Egypt tours like:

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 Discover the secrets and sights of Egypt with Cairo Top Tours and enjoy the world's most famous attractions during Egypt travel packages or Egypt day trips that attract tourists from all countries. Try Our Cairo excursions and delve into this vibrant and energetic city, stopping at some of the most visited places in Cairo such as the Giza Pyramidsthe Egyptian Museum & the National Museum of Egyptian civilization. Even if you have a very limited time, visit our Cairo transit tours. We can take you directly on a trip from Cairo airport to NMEC and the Giza pyramids. Relax and experience all the charm and history Egypt has to offer with the most exclusive service and best hotels like Mena House Hotel through our luxury packages or Visit Egypt Budget Tours to enjoy the unexaggerated prices and choose what could be best and suitable for your budget and time, we will be contacting you once you send a message, as well as helping you plan the best itineraries and trip programs. Explore Egypt's enigmatic past at Aswan and the "world's largest open-air museum," Luxor, as you cruise down the Nile River.