Deir al-Madina on the western mainland in Luxor occupies great importance, as there are tombs of workers, which clearly express the social status of the people who were buried in those cemeteries, and are the workers who supervised the excavation and engraving of the tombs of kings and queens. The area was called "Deir al-Madina" because of the existence of a monastery dating back to the Christian era.
Deir El-Medina in Luxor
Excavations on this site have brought about 70 houses to the light, surrounded by a boundary wall. The site is heavily ruined by time, but the structure of the houses is still well preserved. Each consisted of an entrance hall and four rooms, a staircase that leads down, and another that went up to the terraced roof.
The builders of the temples were buried in perfectly decorated tombs and topped with a small pyramid or a pyramidion in Deir El-Madina, south of the Valley of the Kings. The small size of these tombs allows only small group visits. The tombs take the shape of a courtyard surrounded by a chapel, under which the funeral chamber was located. To the west, going up the hillside, you will come across some simpler tombs that are carved out of rock. 3 of them are open to the public and deserve to be visited for their magnificent wall decorations.