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Monastery of Baramus in Wadi El Natrun

  • 05 16, 2023

Monastery of Baramus in Wadi El Natrun

Among Wadi al-Natrun Monasteries, exists one of the most known regions in Egypt is related to the Christian monasteries, The Monastery of ‘’Al-Baramus’’. It is also sometimes called the Monastery of the Romans and it is likely to be the first monastery built in Wadi al-Natrun. In fact, it is thought that the place is where Macarius the Great used to live around 330-340 AD. when he dedicated his life to monastic life. The monastery has a modern Arabic name ‘’al Baramus’’ which’s an Arabic word coming from the Coptic Pa-Ramos, meaning "that of the Romans". The origins of the name, which many haven’t agreed upon have been in dispute.

This monastery today is considered to be an extremely important sight in that it was built on a site in the front south of the Old Paramus monastery, discovered by some archaeologists in 1994. Some assume that it was wrongly recognized as "the Monastery of Moses the Black". Whereas others believe that it’s Deir Anba Musa al-Aswad, or the ‘’Monastery of Saint Moses the Black’’, under the leadership of St.Isidore the Hegumen, which was the original name.

The old monastery almost dates to 340 AD. Noting that there exists some confusion related to the current monastery's history in relationship to the old monastery. It is possible that both existed deliberately at some site, with the old monastery known as Deir al-Baramus, and the current monastery known as the Monastery of the Virgin of Baramus.

If you're planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. You can enjoy one of the Classic tours in Egypt, which all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most Cairo day trips, Luxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, is why our travel information section is meant to be useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley. You can see this monastery and other Monasteries in Wadi El Natrun through our Day Tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries from Cairo among our multiple tours from Cairo.


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This full-day excursion takes you through Wadi Natrun, some 120 kilometers west of Cairo. This ancient Egyptian desert valley is the cradle of Christian monasticism. The valley is home to numerous monasteries where you can admire the charm of Coptic architecture and art. The valley is also a birdwatcher's paradise, with many birds flying overhead. Monastery of the Romans (Deir el-Baramus in Egyptian). One of the oldest sites in the region, this monastery comprises five churches. Legend has it that two Roman priests, fleeing Christian persecution, settled in this desert valley and founded a monastery. The monastery owes its name to the Syrian monks who lived there in the 8th century. There is a church of the Virgin Mary with exquisite frescoes.  


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