El Minya is a small city in Middle Egypt that does not receive much attention on the tourist map, but it was once a powerful regional capital within Egypt. During the First Intermediate Period, when the authority that ruled Egypt from Memphis during the Old kingdom collapsed,El Minya became a minor power center and it continued to hold control over the center of Egypt through the Middle Kingdom.
Al-Fayoum is considered to be one of the most fertile oasis s in Egypt located southwest of Cairo. It is an area about 90 kilometers, and is full of natural. beauties. Al Fayoum is a vast depression that contains a great lake in its lowest part called Birkat Qaroun ( Lake Qaroun ). This depression receives water from branch of the Nile that was canalized in ancient times, called Bahr Youssef.
Abydos was one of the most important religious sites to ancient Egyptians. like modern Muslims hope to complete a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime, ancient Egyptians want to visit Abydos, which for them was strongly associated with the entrance into the afterlife.Ancient Egyptians believed that the tomb of Osiris, the “God of the Dead, and the Underworld” was located in Abydos, and it is where his head was buried.