The Step Pyramid



The famous stepped pyramid of the Saqqara necropolis, in Egypt, is considered the oldest in the world. It was built in 2630 BC as a resting place for King Djoser, founder of the Old Kingdom. And it houses inside architectural innovations made for the first time such as columns, the capital with hanging leaves and large ceremonial pavilions.


The 1992 earthquake had seriously damaged the internal structure of the pyramid. For this reason, restoration work began in 2006 which lasted for 14 years through many difficulties. In 2011, the works suffered an interruption due to the revolution, now it's open for visitors and tourists from all over the world.

The Step Pyramid of King Djoser at Saqqara is one of the most important things to do in Cairo or maybe in all Egypt. This structure shows us the development of pyramid construction. It is the initial pyramid constructed in Egypt and while it is not a ‘true pyramid’ with smooth sides, like Giza Pyramids and the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid of Dahshur.

The first large-scale cut-stone structure in the world consists of the six steps, superimposed on top of one another. Djoser’s architect decided to stack several of these structures to create a more imposing monument to the pharaoh, that stands 203 feet tall. 

The most famous scientist that hs to be mentioned whenever we talk about Sakkara is Jean-Philippe Lauer, who is a French archeologist that restored and reconstructed the damaged parts of the complex.  

At the north side of the pyramid, the pyramid temple is distinguished, whereas in the following pyramid complexes it is always seen on the east side. The Step Pyramid complex is surrounded by a wall of limestone 10.5 m high known as the palace façade, which imitates bound bundles of reeds. The overall structure imitates mudbrick. The wall has 14 dummy doors, but only one real entrance, in the south corner of the east façade, is for the living. The remaining doors are known as false doors, for the king's use in the afterlife.

Then we enter the roofed colonnade passageway with a limestone ceiling was made from whole tree trunks led to a massive stone imitation of two open doors was a hall with twenty pairs of limestone columns built to look like bundles of plant stems and reaching a height of 6.6 m. The columns were not free-standing but were attached to the wall projections. Between the columns on both sides of the hall were small chambers, which suggested to be for each of the provinces of Upper and Lower Egypt. At the end of the colonnade was the transverse hypostyle hall with eight columns connected in pairs by blocks of limestone. There are curved stones inside the judiciary that are thought to be markers associated with the Heb-sed festival, an important ritual completed by Egyptian kings when they completed 30 years to renew their powers. 

 At the southern end of the court was a platform approached by steps. It has been recommended that this was a principle for the double throne. The whole Step Pyramid complex symbolizes the royal palace enclosure and allows the king to perform the rituals associated with kingship. The South Tomb very Closet south to the South Court lay

The burial chamber which cannot be visited at the moment during Cairo Day Tours is made below a deep shaft 28 meters deep as well as a tunneled chambers and galleries connected to a central shaft then to king's burial room, the burial of family members, and the storage of goods and offerings. 

Our tours to Egypt usually visit the step pyramid and cover most of the archeological sites during a range of Egypt Tours, Cairo Day Tours from the AirportEgypt Travel Packages, Egypt Day Tours like:

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara, and Dahshur | Pyramids Tour.

2 Day Trips to Cairo and Alexandria from Alexandria Port.

Day Trip to the Pyramids & the Nile.

Alexandria shore excursion tours.

2 Days Trip to Cairo from Alexandria.

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara, and Dahshur | Pyramids Tour.

 Camel Tour around the famous Giza Pyramids.

Cairo and the Nile by Air 8 Days 7 Nights
Pyramids, Nile Cruise & Sharm El Sheikh
Tour to Giza pyramids, the Egyptian Museum, Old Cairo and Khan El Khalili

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport

Half-Day Tour to Egyptian Museum

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahsur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break | Cairo city break.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- Pharaonic Village tour in Cairo.

- Day tour to Tanis, Bubastis and the Suez Canal from Cairo.

- Two days trip to El Minya from Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.

- Tanoura dance show in Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Memphis City.

- Cairo Day Trip to Giza Pyramids and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids and Meidum from Cairo.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

- Nile Cruise Cairo Lunch.

- Cairo Shopping Tour.

- Tour to Pyramids, Egyptian Museum and Coptic Cairo.

- Egypt classic tours | Classic Packages to Egypt.

- 8 Days Cairo and the Nile Cruise by Air | Travel Packages in Egypt.

-  5 Days Cairo and Alexandria tour packageEgypt Package Tour from Cairo.

- 7 Days Cairo and Sharm El Sheikh Tour | Egypt Vacation Packages.

- 13 Days Cairo, Nile Cruise and The Oasis Tour | the best of Egypt holidays all inclusive.

- Cairo and White Desert Adventure Tour | Egypt Vacations.

- Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan | Egypt Nile Cruise Luxor and Aswan.

- 3 Days Cairo Stopover | Cairo Short Break | Egypt Short Vacation.

- 4 Days Cairo Short Break Tour | Cairo Stopover | Egypt Short Vacation.

- Cairo, Nile Cruise and Red Sea Tour.

- Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and Aswan holiday package.

- 7 Days Cairo and The Nile Cruise Vacation | Travel package in Egypt.

- 5 Days Cairo and Luxor Vacation | Tour Packages in Egypt.

- 6 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Vacation | 6 Days holiday Package in Egypt.

- Vacation Packages to Egypt | Pyramids, Nile Cruise, and Sharm El Sheikh Tour Package.

- 12 Days Cairo, Alexandria, The Nile Cruise and Hurghada Travel

- 10 Days Egypt private tour packageEgypt Budget Tours.

- 10 Days Package to Egypt | Egypt 10 Days Itinerary.

- 11 Days Egypt Tour | 11 Day s Egypt Itinerary

- Egypt Luxury Tours | Luxury Egypt Tour Packages | Best of Egypt Tours.

- 8 Days Egypt and the Nile Cruise Luxury Tour.

- Egypt Luxury Tour 12 Days to Cairo Nile Cruise and The Red Sea | Egypt Luxury tour packages.

- 12 Days Cairo, Nile Cruise and Lake Nasser Cruise Luxury Tour.

- 10 Days and The Nile Cruise Luxury Tour | Egypt Luxury Vacations.

- 8 Days Cairo and Dahabeya Luxury Travel | Egypt Luxury Private Tours.

- Cairo, Aswan and Luxor Travel in styleEgypt Luxury Travel.

- 12 Days Cairo, Alexandria, The Nile Cruise and Hurghada Luxury Travel.

- 10 Days Egypt Luxury Tour Package | Luxury Egypt Tours.

- 10 Days Luxury Package to Egypt | Egypt 10 days Luxury Itinerary.

- 11 Days Egypt Luxury Tour | Luxury Egypt Tour Package.

Egypt Christmas tours 2020 | The best Egypt new year tours (Christmas packages).

- 9 days Cairo and Xmas Nile Cruise by Train | Egypt Christmas Holidays 2020.

- 8 Days Cairo and Christmas Nile Cruise by Flight | Egypt Christmas and New Year tours 2020.

New Year in Egypt 2020 Holidays and Nile Cruise | Egypt Christmas Holidays.

4 Days Cairo Short Break during Christmas.

Cairo, The Nile and Hurghada Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas tours.

- 10 Days Egypt Christmas Package Tour.

- 10 Days Egypt Christmas tour package.

5 Days Cairo and Luxor Holiday during the Christmas | Egypt Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas and New Year Tours.

- 11 Day Egypt Christmas Tour Package | Christmas tours in Egypt.

MS Mayfair Christmas Nile Cruise Tours | Xmas and New Year Nile Cruises.

- Special Offers Egypt Holidays | Egypt Hot Deals.

- Egypt Tour Itineraries | Itineraries in Egypt 

Egypt Itinerary 1 Day Tour | Cairo 1 Day Itinerary 

Egypt 3 Days Itinerary | Egypt Itinerary 3 Days 

Egypt Itinerary 4 Days | 4 Days in Egypt Itinerary 

Egypt 5 Days Itinerary | Egypt 5 Days Tour Package.