Egypt's got one of the most valuable historical records more than any other nation, its long cultural heritage goes back to the 6th–4th millennia before Christ. Egypt no dought is the cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion, and central government. Iconic monuments you can see during many Tours to Egypt, beginning by the tour to Giza Pyramids and its Great Sphinx, as well as the ruins of Memphis that you still can see during many Egypt Day Tours and also is considered a regular part of most of Egypt Luxury Tours and Egypt Travel Packages. You can step with your foot onto Thebes (Luxor at present), Karnak Temple, and the Valley of the Kings during a comfortable Egypt Nile River Cruise. Such sites exhibit this legacy and remain an important center of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's lengthy and rich cultural heritage is an essential part of its national identity, which has endured and often assimilated, several foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and the ancient Nubia. Egypt was an early and important center of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian community. This is a comprehensive guide to the history of Egypt's most prominent monarchs to learn about their architectural achievements before you see them in person during a lot of Cairo Day ToursYou can Explore more of our Egypt Vacations below: 

Cairo Top Tours welcome you with its mighty Nile along the Nile valley as you will be exploring the Luxor east and west bank tour. and marvelous monuments with Cairo Top Tours which is ready to offer our guests, the best trips in Egypt and Egypt itineraries to discover most of the important things to do in Cairo, Most visitors will make a beeline straight to the most famous sightseeing the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Adventurers, backpackers, and travel bloggers could join one of our Egypt budget tours traversing the Sahara Desert, like Siwa tours from Cairo for instance or preferably the White Desert tours Egypt

King Khufu | Cheops | Owner of the Great Pyramid

King Cheops | King Khufu | Owner of the Great Pyramid

King Khufu was the second pharaoh of Egypt's Fourth Dynasty. After his father Senefru's death, he is crowned. It has a single ivory statue from Abydos, whose name is inscribed on the throne and is now housed in the Egyptian Museum. During his reign, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the world's largest stone structure, was built.

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King Khafra | Chefren | Chephren Pyramid

Chephren | King Khafra

He is said to have reigned for more than 18 years. King Khafre left us a beautiful diorite statue discovered in the Valley Temple and now housed in the Egyptian Museum, and he decided to build a great pyramid in Giza, similar to his father Khufu's pyramid.

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King Menkaure | Mycerinus Pyramid

King Menkaure | Mycerinus

King Menkaure, the fifth king of Dynasty IV in ancient Egypt, ascended to the throne following the death of his father, King Khafre. He constructed Giza's third-largest pyramid. It's possible that he died suddenly, which is why his son Shabskaf finished building the pyramid.

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Queen Hatshepsut | Deir El Bahari

Queen Hatshepsut | Queen of Egypt | The Pharaoh Woman

After Cleopatra VII, Queen Hatshepsut is without a doubt the best known female ruler in the world, particularly in ancient Egypt, and one of the most successful queens in Egyptian history. It is also known as Ghanemat Amun Hatshepsut, and its name means "Dora of the Princesses" or "Amun's Concubine, the Favorite of the Ladies," and it is the fifth in the line of XVIII Dynasty kings.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great | Alexander of Macedonia

Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian empire, is regarded as one of the greatest and most astute military leaders of all time. He was the son of Macedonian King Felipe II and ascended to the throne after his father's death in 336 BC. C. conquered the majority of the known world at the time. That is why he is known as "the great one," both for his military prowess and his diplomatic skills in dealing with the dissenters.

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King Tutankhamen | The Golden Pharaoh

Tutankhamen | The Golden King of Egypt

If his gleaming, treasure-filled tomb had not been discovered, the world would have never heard of King Tutankhamun, who became the talk of archaeologists and became one of the most important Egyptian explorations discovered in the Luxor governorate's Valley of the Kings and Queens.

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King Akhenaten | King Amenhotep IV | Amarna City

King Akhenaten | Amenhotep IV | Monotheism in Ancient Egypt

Akhenaten was the first Egyptian king to consider the latent power hidden behind the sun's disc. He gave this power the name of a god, Aten, and then abandoned all Egyptian gods. The priests of Amun and his followers were present and founded a new city, Thebes. He spent about 17 years in this city worshipping this new god, but his only mistake was that he made people worship him.

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King Ramses II | Ramses The Second

King Ramses II | Ramesses II | Ramses the Second

Ramsis II is the most famous ancient Egyptian King who built the Temple of Abu Simbel, which is an archaeological site located on the mountain south of Aswan and is distinguished from other ancient Egyptian temples by the occurrence of a phenomenon that is the most important among the 4,500 astronomical phenomena witnessed in pharaonic Egypt and drew worldwide attention when it occurred.

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Mohamed Ali Pasha | Modern Egypt | Mohamed Ali Mosque

Muhammad Ali Pasha | Muhammad Ali of Egypt

The founder of the dynasty that ruled Egypt from the early nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, i.e. the founder of modern Egypt.

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King Thutmose III, King Thutmosis III, Thutmose the Third

King Thutmose III | Tuthmosis the Third

As the founder of the first Egyptian empire, King Thutmose III is considered to be Egypt's greatest ruler throughout history. He treated the conquered peoples with dignity; after joining the Egyptian Empire, they lived in peace and prosperity. He is not mentioned in any records as having lost any battles, and there are some obelisks that he built that can still be found around the world today. On

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King Djoser | King Zoser

King Djoser | King Zoser | Step Pyramid King

King Djoser is one of the most powerful Egyptian kings who mentioned his exploits in the pharaonic civilization, and he is one of the kings of the Third Dynasty, and the most famous monument left by that king is the stepped pyramid, which is still visited today to see that great construction.

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King Snefru

King Snefru | Founder of the Fourth Dynasty

Pharaoh King Senefru, founder of the fourth dynasty, and the famous father of Pharaoh Khufu, owner of the Great Pyramid, is considered one of the greatest builders in the history of mankind, since he presented the 4 pyramids, they took the initiative in the emergence of the pyramid under construction In human history.

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Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator

Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator | The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt

Cleopatra VII, also known as Cleopatra Philopator, was one of the most important kings of Pharaonic Egypt, as she was the richest queen in the Mediterranean and the most powerful woman of Egypt's Macedonian Dynasty.

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King Narmer | King Menes

King Menes | Narmer | 1st King of Unified Egypt

King Menes, also known as Narmer, was the first Egyptian pharaoh who united Egypt's two kingdoms, the northern and southern kingdoms, around 3200 BC.

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King Hor-Aha

King Hor-Aha | Dynasty 1 | Horus Aha King

His name means "Horus the Fighter," and he is also known as the "Fighting Hawk" and simply Aha. And he is thought to be the founder of the first family, and thus of the city of Enab-Hadj (Memphis). Manton, an Egyptian historian, stated that King Hor-Aha ruled for approximately 62 years.

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King Djer

King Djer | Kings of Egypt

Khant Djer was a pharaoh of the first Egyptian family who reigned around 3050 BC. He is thought to have campaigned in Nubia and Libya, and his grave is at Abydos, alongside the grave of his wife, Meredith, who is thought to have taken power when their son was a minor.

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King Djet

King Djet

King Djet is the fourth pharaoh of Egypt's First Dynasty. During his reign, he instituted a mineral-mining policy; his name was discovered carved into a rock on one of the roads connecting Edfu to the Red Sea. He discovered the famous painting that bears his name, which is now housed in Paris's Louvre Museum.

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King Khasekhemwy

King Khasekhemwy | Pharaohs of Egypt

King Khasekhemwy was the fifth and final pharaoh of Egypt's second dynasty. Little is known about Khasekhemwei, except that he led many important war campaigns and erected many statues that still stand to remind us of the Northerners' war.

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Queen khentkawes

Queen khentkawes | Queens of Egypt

khentkawes was the queen of Ancient Egypt during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty. she played an important role in the succession of Dynasties IV and V. And she took many titles, such as Queen of Upper and Lower Egypt and Mother of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt.

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King Huni

King Huni | Third Dynasty Kings of Egypt

Some archaeological evidence suggests that King "Honi" was the one who started building the Meidum pyramid, which is located in the Meidum region near Memphis on the west bank of the Nile River in Beni Suef, about 100 kilometres south of Cairo, but he died before finishing it, so King Senefru finished it.

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King Userkaf

King Userkaf

King Userkaf, whose name means "the strength is in his soul" is one of the first kings of the V Dynasty, He built his pyramid in Saqqara, in addition to a temple dedicated to the sun god Ra in the area of Abu Sir.

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King Sahure

King Sahure | Sahura | 5th Dynasty Kings

Sahure was the second pharaoh of Egypt's 5th Dynasty. He ruled Egypt for 12 years in the 25th century BC. C and built a pyramid for himself at Abu Sir, moving away from his Fourth Dynasty ancestors' tombs at Saqqara and Giza, where his ancestors built the pyramids of Giza, and possibly the presence of the Temple of the Sun built by Userkaf, founder of the Fifth Dynasty.

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King Unas

King Unas | Last King of the 5th Dynasty

King Unas is an ancient Egyptian pharaoh and the last ruler of the Old Kingdom's Fifth Dynasty. The pyramid texts are thought to have first appeared in the pyramid of Unas.

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King Teti

King Teti | 6th Dynasty Kings

Tete reigned for an unknown number of years. The Turin Papyrus, written during the New Kingdom, does not specify how long he ruled, but he was most likely a pharaoh of Egypt for between 13 and 23 years. Tete constructed a pyramid in Saqqara, which has since been demolished. Because it was ignored in ancient inscriptions, it left no trace.

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King Pepi II

King Pepi II

Pepi II was the fifth pharaoh of Egypt's sixth dynasty, with the real name "Nefer Ka Ra," which means "beautiful, is the spirit of Ra." He has the world's longest reign.

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Sultan of Egypt Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi

Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi | Sultan of Egypt

Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi was a brave Egyptian leader who lived in the 12th century and had strong Islamic foundations that made him adhere to the causes of Islam, which led to great accomplishments, such as uniting Egypt with Syria and reclaiming Jerusalem from the Crusaders, and thus his name entered both Islamic and Western history.

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King Amenhotep III

King Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III, one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs, during his long reign of almost 40 years. Unlike many kings of the ancient Egyptian state, who derived their fame from the great war battles and conquests that expanded the territory of the Egyptian Empire, King Amenhotep III registered his name in the registry of the most important Egyptian kings through peace.

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Queen Nefertiti

Queen Nefertiti

Lady of the happiness is considered "NEFERTITI", the most famous Egyptian queen in the entire world, and is the eldest wife of King Akhenaten and an unrivaled Amarna.

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Nefertari

Queen Nefertari

It's no wonder that experts around the world pay hundreds of dollars and incur the hardships of traveling around the world until they see their graveyard, which is picturesque, not just a queen or wife of a god, their Many titles assure you that you are not alone in front of a woman who sat on the throne of Egypt, but you are in front of An exceptional woman in all the meanings of the word. It's "Nefertari".

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King Intef I

King Intef I

Intef I, this pharaoh is considered the first prince of the six princes of which the eleventh family is formed. In the first transition period. They were the ones who ruled half the country almost 143 years before the advent of the Twelfth Dynasty.

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Imhetop, The First Architect

Imhetop, The First Architect

He is the founder of the Zoser amphitheatre and the first physician in history, as well as one of ancient Egypt's most prominent engineers. After his death, he was raised to the status of idol and became the god of medicine.

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King Thutmose IV

King Thutmose IV

Thutmosis IV, the son of King Amenhotep II and Queen TA, and the eighth of the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs in ancient Egypt, built a funerary temple to the southwest of his father Amenhotep II's temple, and "Horemheb" repaired and restored Thutmose IV's tomb in the eighth year of his reign. The mummy of this king was moved to Amenhotep III's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

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Seti I

King Seti I

Seti I (1294-1279 BC) was the father of the great King Ramses II and the second king of the XIX Dynasty. In the Valley of the Kings, his tomb is the largest, darkest, and most splendid.

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Ramses III

King Ramses III

King Ramses III was one of ancient Egypt's greatest warrior kings, fighting the tribes of the sea and the Nuba from the south in the fifth and eighth years of his rule. It contains various structures, including Habu's city and the Temple of Amun in Karnak, as well as the building of his famous tomb known as "KV11."

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King Peribsen

King Peribsen | 2nd Dynasty Kings of Egypt

Peribsen was the second Egyptian family's pharaoh, ruling for seventeen years. He was buried at Abydos, where the first full sentence written in hieroglyphics was discovered on a seal inscription.

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King Djedefre

King Djedefre | Successor of Cheops

Djedefre is an ancient Egyptian king (Pharaoh) from the fourth dynasty of Egypt. He is Cheops's son and immediate heir to the throne of Cheops, the Great Pyramid's founder. He was the first person to connect his name to the sun god Ra. He wanted to build a pyramid similar to his father Khufu's in the Abu Rawash region, but he only got as far as laying the foundations.

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King Shepseskaf

King Shepseskaf | Last King of the Fourth Dynasty

The IV dynasty's final ruler. Shepskaf succeeded his father as Egypt's prime minister. He ruled for more than four years, during which time he built the "Mastaba of the Pharaoh," a rectangular coffin-shaped tomb in southern Saqqara. His covenant was characterised by the increased power of the sun priests, which ran counter to his ancestors' practise of erecting a pyramid.

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King Djedkare

King Djedkare | 5th Dynasty of Egypt History

King Djedkare is the eighth pharaoh of the fifth dynasty of Egyptian kings. From 2414 to 2375 BC, he ruled Egypt, and his reign lasted nearly 28 years. He did not construct a solar temple like his predecessors in the Fifth Dynasty, but he did construct a pyramid in the "Saqqara" region.

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King Senusret II

King Senusret II | 12th Dynasty Middle Kingdom

King Senusret II was the fourth king of Egypt's 12th Dynasty, succeeding his father, King Amenemhat II, and reigning alongside him in his later years. And what sets him apart is his keen interest in the Fayoum Oasis, as he began to build a massive irrigation system that runs from Bahr Youssef to Morris Lake.

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King Pepi I

King Pepi I

During the reign of the Sixth Dynasty, Baby I was the third pharaoh. His reign is regarded as a period of peace and prosperity. He constructed a pyramid for himself at Saqqara and temples for himself at Tell Basta and Abydos.

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King Merenre I

King Merenre I

Merenra I, Pepi I's successor, is the fourth king of the Sixth Dynasty. He ruled for a brief time, and it's possible that he assisted his father for a few years, before resigning from power for nearly 9 years and dying while still in his early second decade of life.

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King Merenre II

King Merenre II

Merenra II only ruled for a year before being succeeded by his stepbrother, Pepi II. According to a literary source, the new king had to be still a child when he ascended the throne because the canons of Turin and Manetone agree in attributing to him a kingdom of over ninety years, dying over a hundred years after a comparatively serene life after all vibrant, casual, and generous.

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King Mentuhotep II

King Mentuhotep II | Last King of the 11th Dynasty

Mentuhot II was an ancient Egyptian king who reigned from 2061 to 2010 BC and is the founder of the XXV Dynasty. His real name means (the god Montu is satisfied). He is credited with uniting Egypt following the conclusion of the First Decadence's tumult, and he was the Middle Kingdom's first Egyptian ruler.

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King Amenemhat I

King Amenemhat I | 12th Dynasty Kings

He is the first king of Egypt's Twelfth Dynasty, which is considered the Middle Kingdom's golden age. From 1991 BC to 1962 BC, he ruled.

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King Ptolemy i Soter | ptolemaic dynasty

King Ptolemy

Ptolemy I the Macedonian was an Egyptian king who established the Ptolemaic dynasty in Alexandria and was given the title Poster or Savior.

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 Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

 Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

The Ptolemies' influence reached its highest during the reign of Ptolemy II, when Alexandria was at its peak and the Museum and Library of Alexandria were taken over.

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Ptolemy III

Ptolemy III the Ptolemies in Egypt

Egypt's Ptolemies, Ptolemy III After his father's death in 246 BC, he rose to power (Ptolemies II )

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Ptolemy IV: King Ptolemy IV

Ptolemy IV: King Ptolemy IV

Ptolemy IV was a Roman emperor who reigned from Philopator, Philopator, Philopator, Philopator, Philopator, He was the third Ptolemy king's older son.

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Ptolemy V king of Rosetta Stone

Ptolemy V king of Rosetta Stone

Ptolemy V was the king of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt from 204 BC to 180 BC, and his title was Epiphanes, which means (the Apparent God) Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt.

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Ptolemy the Sixth

Ptolemy the Sixth

The title name of Ptolemy the Sixth is Philomator (meaning the lover of his mother).

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Ptolemy VII

Ptolemy VII

Ptolemy VII was one of Ptolemy V's sons and Ptolemy V's brother.

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Ptolemy kings in Egypt

Ptolemy kings in Egypt from (VIIII - XII)

The Ptolemy era in Egypt was marked by many disputes over governance, and it is known as an unstable period. Petolmy kings were preoccupied with internal conflicts among themselves, and they lost sight of their true mission in the region.

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Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra VII The last Petolmy kings 

Cleopatra VII is the seventh Cleopatra. Cleopatra VI, the last of the Petolmy kings, is regarded as the world's most famous monarch. Her name, Cleopatra, means "glory of her father," and it is a very special name.

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 The Royal mummies parade

The Royal Mummies Parade

Egypt is organising a "majestic" royal parade to move 22 royal mummies and 17 coffins in a Pharaonic scene from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to the National Museum of Civilization in Ancient Egypt, to complete the transfer of royal mummies from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to the National Museum of Civilization in Ancient Egypt.

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Seqenenre

King Seqenenre

Seqnenre, Egypt's second-greatest king, was the one who began the actual battle to remove the Hyksos from Egypt, which was eventually ended by his son Ahmose the First.

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Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Mr. Sisi the current president

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, Egyptian military officer, was born on November 19, 1954, in Cairo, Egypt. He became Egypt's de facto leader in July 2013, after the country's military expelled President Hosni Mubarak. In May 2014, he was elected president for the first time, and in March 2018, he was re-elected for a second term.

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King Farouk

King Farouk

King Farouk was Egypt's last king, and he was the eldest son of King Fouad, who trained him to rule in a strict manner by limiting the young prince's interaction with the outside world, and he became crown prince at a young age, earning the title of Prince of Upper Egypt.

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Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussain, an Egyptian politician, served as Egypt's second President from 1954 to 1970.

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Anwar el-Sadat

He was the third president of the Republic of Egypt after the time of the Pharaohs, serving from 1970 until his assassination in 1981 by extremists, and he was one of the founders of the Free Officers who overthrew the monarchy in the July 1952 revolution, and became Vice President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Then came his replacement as president.

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Amr Ibn El Aass

Amr Ibn El Aas, an Islamic leader who invaded Egypt in the 7th century.

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