Egypt's got one of the most valuable historical records more than any other nation, its long cultural heritage goes back to the 6th–4th millennia before Christ. Egypt no dought is the cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion, and central government. Iconic monuments you can see during many Tours to Egypt, beginning by the tour to Giza Pyramids and its Great Sphinx, as well as the ruins of Memphis that you still can see during many Egypt Day Tours and also is considered a regular part of most of Egypt Luxury Tours and Egypt Travel Packages. You can step with your foot onto Thebes (Luxor at present), Karnak Temple, and the Valley of the Kings during a comfortable Egypt Nile River Cruise. Such sites exhibit this legacy and remain an important center of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's lengthy and rich cultural heritage is an essential part of its national identity, which has endured and often assimilated, several foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and the ancient Nubia. Egypt was an early and important center of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority. This is a comprehensive guide to the history of Egypt's most prominent monarchs in order to learn about their architectural achievements before you see them in person during a lot of Cairo Day ToursYou can Explore more of our Egypt Vacations below: 

King Khufu | Cheops | Owner of the Great Pyramid

King Cheops | King Khufu | Owner of the Great Pyramid

King Khufu is considered one of the most powerful kings who ruled Egypt during the old kingdom period. He succeeded his father king Snefru on the throne of Egypt and became the 2nd king of the 4th dynasty, Khufu’s mother was Queen Hetepheres to whom he built a small pyramid beside his great pyramid in Giza. He ruled Egypt from 2589 B.Cto 2566 B.C. His full name was Khnum-Khufu, Which means “God Khnum Protects Me.” Khnum was the ancient Egyptian ram-headed deity of creation, water, and fertility.

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King Khafra | Chefren | Chephren Pyramid

Chephren | King Khafra

The pyramid of Chephren, which is actually three meters lower than that of his father's, having been built on a higher plateau gives the illusion of being taller, today it is the only one to still retain part of the original white limestone coating. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Menkaure | Mycerinus Pyramid

King Menkaure | Mycerinus

Contrary to Cheops and Chephren, Mycerinus was later seen as a generous and wise king. This may have been caused by the fact that his pyramid, built next to the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren at Giza, was slightly less than half the size of these two great pyramids.

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Queen Hatshepsut | Deir El Bahari

Queen Hatshepsut | Queen of Egypt | The Pharaoh Woman

Intelligent, skilled, with probably exceptional administrative skills and a strong political sense, Hatshepsut was one of the two daughters of a great king, Thutmose I. It was he who trained the daughter to exercise power. Moreover, Hatshepsut testified to him a deep affection, always keeping him as a role model. Thutmose I, who firmly kept Nubia under the Egyptian rule, led an important military expedition to Asia.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great | Alexander of Macedonia

Alexander the Great: the life of the young Macedonian king who conquered the Persian empire in just 12 years and whose death is still shrouded in mystery.

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King Tutankhamen | The Golden Pharaoh

Tutankhamen | The Golden King of Egypt

Learn the story of Tutankhamun, the child pharaoh who became famous for his grave and the curse associated with the greatest discovery in the 20th century. Also the history of the New Kingdom, the period of Ancient Egypt in which the pharaoh lived with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Akhenaten | King Amenhotep IV | Amarna City

King Akhenaten | Amenhotep IV | Monotheism in Ancient Egypt

Amenhotep IV, after ascending the throne, replaces the cult of Amun and the other gods with the unique one of the god Aton, changing his name to Akhenaten, moving the capital from Thebes (Luxor) to Akhetaten, today's el-Amarna. Know more about the brave King Akhenaten with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Ramses II | Ramses The Second

King Ramses II | Ramesses II | Ramses the Second

In the subsequent years of his reign, Ramses II dedicated himself to the construction of grand structures, such as the temples of Abu Simbel and the completion of the hypostyle hall of the temple of Amun in Karnak. Discover more about this famous king with Cairo Top Tours!

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Mohamed Ali Pasha | Modern Egypt | Mohamed Ali Mosque

Muhammad Ali Pasha | Muhammad Ali of Egypt

You can see the Citadel of Saladin and the Alabaster mosque of Mohammed Ali and also many of the highlights and things to do in Cairo during Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages and Egypt day tours if your tour includes few days to be spent here in Cairo!

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King Thutmose III, King Thutmosis III, Thutmose the Third

King Thutmose III | Tuthmosis the Third

Upon the death of Thutmosis II, the son Thutmosis III became pharaoh, however, being too youthful, the regent became the stepmother Hatshepsut who later also became a very powerful Pharaoh. Thutmosis III had to wait 20 years to be the only ruler. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Djoser | King Zoser

King Djoser | King Zoser | Step Pyramid King

With the help of Imhotep, King Djoser erected a funerary complex at Ṣaqqara, outside the royal capital, Memphis (southwest of modern Cairo). 200 years preceding the three famous pyramids that people see first during the tour to Giza Pyramids.

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King Snefru

King Snefru | Founder of the Fourth Dynasty

King Snefru is the father of one of the most famous kings of ancient Egypt, Cheops who built the great pyramid which has never been beaten by any structure, however, his father built at least 3 pyramids which makes him a real role model for such a great dynasty he founded, the 4th dynasty. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator

Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator | The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt

Cleopatra VII, the young queen that was known also as Cleopatra Philopator was an Egyptian queen of the Ptolemaic period, reigning from 52 B.C till her death. Discover more about her life that ignited the curiosity of most of the historians here with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Narmer | King Menes

King Menes | Narmer | 1st King of Unified Egypt

Narmer, also known as Menes was an Egyptian ruler belonging to the 1st dynasty. The pharaoh Menes, the semi-legendary first unifier of Upper and Lower Egypt, is almost popularly identified with Narmer. Know more about the founder of the dynastic period with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Hor-Aha

King Hor-Aha | Dynasty 1 | Horus Aha King

This king is associated with the legendary name of Menes. The name Hor-Aha is the kings' Horus-name, which associates him with Horus the son of Osiris. His name means "Horus the Fighter" and he is also referred to as the "Fighting Hawk" and simply by the name Aha.

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King Djer

King Djer | Kings of Egypt

It is possible that King Djer's reign was preceded by a period of regency held by Neithotep, the main queen of Aha but not Djer's mother, who would be the son of Khenthap, his father's secondary queen. Discover the mysterious ruling family of Egypt 5000 years ago with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Djet

King Djet

King Djet ( 3050 B.C ) was an Egyptian pharaoh belonging to the 1st dynasty. He ruled Egypt during the early dynastic period and succeeded by Queen Mer-It-Neith as co-regent with his only son Den, he died in 3050 B.C and buried in Um El Qa'ab. Know more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Khasekhemwy

King Khasekhemwy | Pharaohs of Egypt

Khasekhemwy (2690 B.C) was a pharaoh belonging to the 2nd dynasty and the last ruler of the early dynastic period. He took the throne when he was 18 years old and succeeded by his son Djoser who owns the famous Step Pyramid complex in Saqqara. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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Queen khentkawes

Queen khentkawes | Queens of Egypt

Khentkaus's burial complex confirms her royal status. She appears to have served as regent and may have taken the title of king, but some of her titles are mysterious and open to discussion. Discover more about the history of ancient Egypt with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Huni

King Huni | Third Dynasty Kings of Egypt

Huni is considered to be the last king of the old kingdom. Meresankh may have been one of the king's 'lesser wives' but she was the mother of Snefru who would succeed his father to the throne of Egypt and reach eternal fame due to the construction of the Snefru is the first king to build a true pyramid in ancient Egypt.

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King Userkaf

King Userkaf

Userkaf is the founder of the Fifth Dynasty and the first ruler of it who ruled Egypt for 7years. His name means (his soul is strong). He started the way of building the Mortuary Temples at Abu Sir. He also built his pyramid complex at Saqqara.

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King Sahure

King Sahure | Sahura | 5th Dynasty Kings

His name means(the one who is close to God Re). He reigned for 12 years. His reign considered to be successfully extended in trading opportunities by spending in building new boats for the navy and sending trading expeditions to Canaan and the Land of Punt.

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King Unas

King Unas | Last King of the 5th Dynasty

Unas, or Unis, was the last king of the 5th dynasty. Unas entered several pyramid innovations that his successors followed. His reign was the end of the golden age of the Old Kingdom. The country then moved into the disappointments of the first intermediate period.

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King Teti

King Teti | 6th Dynasty Kings

King Teti is among the most famous kings of the ancient Egyptian Old Kingdom, maybe because he was considered the first pharaoh to be assassinated in ancient Egyptian history. There was a dark era between the end of the 5th dynasty and the beginning of the 6th dynasty. Teti is considered to be the founder of the Sixth Dynasty.

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King Pepi II

King Pepi II

King Pepi II was the 5th king of the 6th dynasty after Merenre and succeeded by Nitiqret (Nitocris). Discover more kings and rulers of ancient Egypt with Cairo Top Tours!

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Sultan of Egypt Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi

Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi | Sultan of Egypt

Nasser Salahuddin Yusef bin Ayoub bin Shadi bin Marwan, Abu Al-Mudhafar Al-Ayyubi (1138-1193 AD) Sultan of Egypt and founder of the Ayyubid state, was known in the history books of the East and West as a noble knight and a brave hero. Discover more information with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Amenhotep III

King Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III, one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs, during his long reign of almost 40 years, led the Nile country to a time of great economic prosperity and external peace, building splendid palaces and grand temples dedicated to the gods and himself. Discover more about him with Cairo Top Tours!

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Queen Nefertiti

Queen Nefertiti

There are no words to describe this woman of shining nobility, whose smile is inspired by an inner light that, through the millennia, still manages to touch our hearts. "Lady of happiness, with a bright face​​​​​​​''. Discover her story with Cairo Top Tours!

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Nefertari

Queen Nefertari

The first and most beloved Queen Nefertari for her husband king Ramses II. Nefertari is famous for her beautifully decorated tomb in the Valley of the Queens. She lived during the New Kingdom as a member of the 19 th Dynasty. Her name means the beloved companion, beloved of Mut. She married Ramses II or Ramses the Great at the age f 13th.

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King Intef I

King Intef I

Intef I was the first in the Eleventh Dynasty to have a Horus name-Sehertawy. various meanings that the Horus name of Intef I-Sehertawy-are "maker of peace in the two lands", "he who has made calm to the Two Lands" and "pacifier of the two lands". These meanings suggest Intef I declared himself ruler of the complete Egypt-both Upper and Lower.

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Imhetop, The First Architect

Imhetop, The First Architect

Imhotep lived between 2690 and 2610 B.C and was an Egyptian scientist and philosopher who searched into medicine and astronomy, before becoming the first known architect in history. He became the high priest of Heliopolis and designed the Step Pyramid of Saqqara for King Djoser.

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King Thutmose IV

King Thutmose IV

King Thutmose IV (Menkheperure) was the 9th king of the 18th dynasty and the grandfather of Akhenaten, he succeeded Amenhotep II on the throne of Egypt during the new kingdom to start an era of prosperity for about 10 years. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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Seti I

King Seti I

King Seti 1 is one of the most famous kings of Egypt. Lived during the New Kingdom. He was the son of Ramses I. He is the father of Ramses II. His name means, he of the god Seth, beloved of Ptah. He built a lot of monuments that's why he is called the Great builder of Egypt.

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Ramses III

King Ramses III

Ramses the third started anew lineage during the New Kingdom.

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King Peribsen

King Peribsen | 2nd Dynasty Kings of Egypt

King Peribsen is one of the kings of the second dynasty according to ancient Egyptian history, his years of years are unknown as his name was not mentioned officially in any of the historical lists. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Djedefre

King Djedefre | Successor of Cheops

King Djedefre succeeded King Cheops to the throne of Egypt for 8 years from 2583 to 2575 B.C during the fourth dynasty of Egypt ancient history, this dynasty is considered to be having the most powerful kings of the old kingdom, know more about the history of Egypt with Cairo Top tours!

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King Shepseskaf

King Shepseskaf | Last King of the Fourth Dynasty

Last king of the IV dynasty. After Mycerinus the fortunes of the dynasty declined rapidly. Discover more interesting information about this king and other kings and rulers of ancient Egypt with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Djedkare

King Djedkare | 5th Dynasty of Egypt History

King Djedkare ruled Egypt for 44 years according to Manetone during the 5th dynasty of Egypt history. This pharaoh built his own pyramid on a thickness of rock which is accessed via a ramp. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Senusret II

King Senusret II | 12th Dynasty Middle Kingdom

King Senusret II ruled Egypt for 19 years according to the Canon of Turin, during the 12th dynasty middle kingdom after succeeding Amenemhat to the throne, know more about King Senusret II with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Pepi I

King Pepi I

The affirmation of the dynasty and a serious attempt to restore central authority is due to King Pepi I, to whom the Royal Canon assigns 20 years of reign, while Manetone, who says he reigned 53 years. Discover more with Cairo top Tours!

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King Merenre I

King Merenre I

The successor of Pepi I, Merenra I, had the cloth of a great ruler; unfortunately for Egypt, he died after five or six years of reign according to Manetone. Discover more about his time with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Merenre II

King Merenre II

Merenra the second reigned for only one year and was succeeded by his stepbrother, Pepi II. The new king had to still be a boy at the time of ascending the throne because the canon of Turin and Manetone agree in attributing to him a kingdom of over ninety years, dying over a hundred years after a fairly serene existence after all lively, casual and generous, according to a literary source.

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King Mentuhotep II

King Mentuhotep II | Last King of the 11th Dynasty

At the end of the glorious reign of Menthotpe I, nothing suggested that his family's power would end. Yet, so it was. The Turin canon grants Sankhkara Menthotpe II twelve years of reign but makes him the last king of the 11th dynasty which is not entirely accurate. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

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King Amenemhat I

King Amenemhat I | 12th Dynasty Kings

It seems certain that King Amenemhat I, vizier during the 11th dynasty, was none other than the future King of Egypt. It is to be assumed that at a given moment he conspired against his royal lord and, perhaps after a few years of unrest, he ascended the throne in his place. Discover more about the 12th dynasty kings with Cairo top Tours!

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