Egypt's got one of the most valuable historical records more than any other nation, its long cultural heritage goes back to the 6th–4th millennia before Christ. Egypt no dought is the cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion, and central government. Iconic monuments you can see during many Tours to Egypt, beginning by the tour to Giza Pyramids and its Great Sphinx, as well as the ruins of Memphis that you still can see during many Egypt Day Tours and also is considered a regular part of most of Egypt Luxury Tours and Egypt Travel Packages. You can step with your foot onto Thebes (Luxor at present), Karnak Temple, and the Valley of the Kings during a comfortable Egypt Nile River Cruise. Such sites exhibit this legacy and remain an important center of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's lengthy and rich cultural heritage is an essential part of its national identity, which has endured and often assimilated, several foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and the ancient Nubia. Egypt was an early and important center of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian community. This is a comprehensive guide to the history of Egypt's most prominent monarchs in order to learn about their architectural achievements before you see them in person during a lot of Cairo Day ToursYou can Explore more of our Egypt Vacations below: 

Cairo Top Tours is inviting you to relish a lot of entertaining and archeological things to see in Cairo, as we organize some of the best trips that cover most of the important things to see in Cairo in one day, as our guides help you see and enjoy at least 10 Things to see in Cairo, Egypt possess a diverse heritage that includes a lot of things to see in old Coptic Cairo, things to see in Islamic Cairo,

King Khufu | Cheops | Owner of the Great Pyramid

King Cheops | King Khufu | Owner of the Great Pyramid

The second king of the Fourth Dynasty in ancient Egypt, is King Khufu. He is crowned after the death of his father Senefru. It has a single ivory statue found at Abydos, whose name is inscribed on the seat of the throne and is now in the Egyptian Museum. During his reign, the Great Pyramid of Giza was built, which is the largest stone building in the world.

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King Khafra | Chefren | Chephren Pyramid

Chephren | King Khafra

It is said that he ruled for more than 18 years. King Khafre left us a beautiful diorite statue found in the Valley Temple and is now in the Egyptian Museum, and he decided to build a great pyramid in Giza, like the pyramid of his father Khufu.

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King Menkaure | Mycerinus Pyramid

King Menkaure | Mycerinus

King Menkaure, the fifth king of Dynasty IV in the ancient kingdom of ancient Egypt, assumed the throne after the death of his father, King Khafre. He built the third largest pyramid in Giza. It is possible that he died suddenly, which is why his son Shabskaf completed the construction of this pyramid.

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Queen Hatshepsut | Deir El Bahari

Queen Hatshepsut | Queen of Egypt | The Pharaoh Woman

Queen Hatshepsut is undoubtedly the best known female ruler in the world and especially of ancient Egypt after Cleopatra VII and one of the most successful queens in Egyptian history. It is also known as Ghanemat Amun Hatshepsut, and its name means the Dora of the princesses or the concubine of Amun, the favorite of the ladies, and is considered the fifth in the line of kings of the XVIII Dynasty.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great | Alexander of Macedonia

Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian empire, is one of the smartest and greatest war leaders of all time. He was the son of King Felipe II of Macedonia and became king after his father's death in 336 BC. C. conquered most of the known world of his time. That is why he is known as "the great one" both for his military genius and for his diplomatic skills to manage the diverse populations of the regions he conquered.

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King Tutankhamen | The Golden Pharaoh

Tutankhamen | The Golden King of Egypt

If his shiny, treasure-filled tomb had not been discovered, the world would not have known King Tutankhamun, who became the talk of archaeologists and became one of the most important Egyptian explorations found in the Luxor governorate in the Valley of the Kings and Queens.

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King Akhenaten | King Amenhotep IV | Amarna City

King Akhenaten | Amenhotep IV | Monotheism in Ancient Egypt

Akhenaten was the first Egyptian king to think of latent power behind the disk of the sun. He called this power the name of a god, Aten, and after that, he left all the Egyptian gods and left Thebes were the priests of Amun and his followers were present and established a new city. He lived in this city for about 17 years worshiping this new god, but his only mistake was that he made people worship the new god through him, so when Akhenaten died, the new worship of Aton ended completely.

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King Ramses II | Ramses The Second

King Ramses II | Ramesses II | Ramses the Second

Ramsis II is the most famous King of the ancient Egyptian who built the Temple of Abu Simbel which is an archaeological site located on the mountain south of Aswan and is distinguished from other temples of the ancient Egyptians by the occurrence of a phenomenon that is the most important among the 4,500 astronomical phenomena witnessed in pharaonic Egypt and attracted the world's attention when the sun passes over the face of Ramses II inside his temple twice a year.

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Mohamed Ali Pasha | Modern Egypt | Mohamed Ali Mosque

Muhammad Ali Pasha | Muhammad Ali of Egypt

The founder of the dynasty that ruled Egypt from the early 19th century to the mid-20th century, that is meaning, the founder of modern Egypt.

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King Thutmose III, King Thutmosis III, Thutmose the Third

King Thutmose III | Tuthmosis the Third

King Thutmose III, is the greatest ruler of Egypt throughout history, as he is the founder of the first Egyptian empire. He treated the peoples of the conquered countries with noble treatment; They lived in peace and prosperity after joining the Egyptian Empire. None of the records mention that he lost any battles and there are some obelisks that he built in different places in the world today. One of them is located in Central Park in upstate New York, and the other is located on the banks of the River Thames in London, and they both have a strange name, "Cleopatra's Needle"!

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King Djoser | King Zoser

King Djoser | King Zoser | Step Pyramid King

King Djoser is considered one of the most powerful Egyptian kings who mentioned his exploits in the pharaonic civilization, and he is one of the kings of the Third Dynasty, and the most famous monument left by that king is the stepped pyramid that is visited until today to see that great construction.

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King Snefru

King Snefru | Founder of the Fourth Dynasty

Pharaoh King Senefru, founder of the fourth dynasty, and the famous father of Pharaoh Khufu, owner of the Great Pyramid, is considered one of the greatest builders in the history of mankind, since he presented the 4 pyramids, they took the initiative in the emergence of the pyramid under construction In human history.

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Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator

Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator | The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt

Cleopatra VII or Cleopatra Philopator, is one of the most important kings of Pharaonic Egypt, as she was the richest queen in the Mediterranean, as well as being the most powerful woman of The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt.

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King Narmer | King Menes

King Menes | Narmer | 1st King of Unified Egypt

King Menes also know as Narmer is a pharaoh of the first Egyptian family and united the two countries, that is, the northern and southern kingdoms of Egypt, around 3200 BC. C.

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King Hor-Aha

King Hor-Aha | Dynasty 1 | Horus Aha King

His name means "Horus the Fighter" and he is also referred to as the "Fighting Hawk" and simply by the name Aha. And he is believed to be the founder of the first family and therefore also the founder of the city of Enab-Hadj (Memphis). The Egyptian historian Manton mentioned that King Hor-Aha ruled for about 62 years.

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King Djer

King Djer | Kings of Egypt

Khant Dujar is a pharaoh of the first Egyptian family and is unknown; He ruled around 3050 BC. He is believed to have campaigned in the country of Nubia and Libya and his grave is located at Abydos, alongside the grave of his wife, Meredith, who is believed to have assumed power when their son was a minor.

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King Djet

King Djet

king Djet is an Egyptian pharaoh and fourth king of the First Dynasty. During his reign he initiated a mining policy in search of minerals; His name was found carved into a rock on one of the roads that connected Edfu to the Red Sea. He found the famous painting that bears his name, which is currently kept in the Louvre Museum in Paris.

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King Khasekhemwy

King Khasekhemwy | Pharaohs of Egypt

King Khasekhemwy, was the fifth and last pharaoh of the second Egyptian dynasty. Little is known about Khasekhemwei, except that he led many important war campaigns and built many statues, which still remain, that remind us of the war against the Northerners.

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Queen khentkawes

Queen khentkawes | Queens of Egypt

khentkawes was the queen of Ancient Egypt during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty. she played an important role in the succession of Dynasties IV and V. And she took many titles, such as Queen of Upper and Lower Egypt and Mother of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt.

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King Huni

King Huni | Third Dynasty Kings of Egypt

Some archaeological references indicate that King "Honi" was the one who began to build the pyramid of Meidum - located in the Meidum region near Memphis on the west bank of the Nile River in Beni Suef, about 100 km south of Cairo - but he died without completing its construction, so King Senefru completed it.

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King Userkaf

King Userkaf

King Userkaf, whose name means "the strength is in his soul" is one of the first kings of the V Dynasty, He built his pyramid in Saqqara, in addition to a temple dedicated to the sun god Ra in the area of Abu Sir.

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King Sahure

King Sahure | Sahura | 5th Dynasty Kings

Sahure was the second pharaoh of the 5th Dynasty in ancient Egypt. He ruled Egypt for 12 years in the 25th century BC. C and built a pyramid for himself at Abu Sir, thus moving away from the tombs of his Fourth Dynasty ancestors located at Saqqara and Giza, where his ancestors built the pyramids of Giza, and perhaps the presence of the Temple of the Sun built by Userkaf, founder of the Fifth Dynasty there, was the motivation for that.

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King Unas

King Unas | Last King of the 5th Dynasty

King Unas is an ancient Egyptian pharaoh and the last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. the pyramid of Unas is believed to have been the first appearance of the pyramid texts.

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King Teti

King Teti | 6th Dynasty Kings

It is not entirely known how many years Tete reigned. The Turin Papyrus written during the New Kingdom does not mention the number of years he ruled but what is likely to be a pharaoh of Egypt for a period of between 13 and 23 years. Tete built a pyramid in Saqqara but it is now demolished. Ancient inscriptions neglected it, so it left no traces.

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King Pepi II

King Pepi II

Pepi II was the fifth pharaoh of the sixth dynasty in the era of the ancient Egyptian state, his real name "Nefer Ka Ra", which means "beautiful, is the spirit of Ra". He has the longest reign in history.

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Sultan of Egypt Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi

Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi | Sultan of Egypt

Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi is a brave Egyptian leader who lived in the 12th century, and had strong Islamic foundations that made him adhere to the causes of Islam, which made him achieve great achievements, as he united Egypt with Syria and recovered Jerusalem of the Crusaders, and thus its name entered the records of both Islamic and Western history.

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King Amenhotep III

King Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III, one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs, during his long reign of almost 40 years. Unlike many kings of the ancient Egyptian state, who derived their fame from the great war battles and conquests that expanded the territory of the Egyptian Empire, King Amenhotep III registered his name in the registry of the most important Egyptian kings through peace.

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Queen Nefertiti

Queen Nefertiti

Lady of the happiness is considered "NEFERTITI", the most famous Egyptian queen in the entire world, and is the eldest wife of King Akhenaten and an unrivaled Amarna.

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Nefertari

Queen Nefertari

It's no wonder that experts around the world pay hundreds of dollars and incur the hardships of traveling around the world until they see their graveyard, which is picturesque, not just a queen or wife of a god, their Many titles assure you that you are not alone in front of a woman who sat on the throne of Egypt, but you are in front of An exceptional woman in all the meanings of the word. It's "Nefertari".

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King Intef I

King Intef I

Intef I, this pharaoh is considered the first prince of the six princes of which the eleventh family is formed. In the first transition period. They were the ones who ruled half the country almost 143 years before the advent of the Twelfth Dynasty.

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Imhetop, The First Architect

Imhetop, The First Architect

He is the builder of the Zoser amphitheater and is the first architect in history, as well as the first physician, and one of the most famous engineers of ancient Egypt elevated to the rank of idol after his death and became the god of medicine.

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King Thutmose IV

King Thutmose IV

Thutmosis IV, the eighth of the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs, in ancient Egypt, and the son of King Amenhotep II and Queen TA, built a funerary temple to the southwest of the temple of his father Amenhotep II, and "Horemheb" in the eighth year of his reign he repaired and restored the tomb of Thutmose IV. In the Valley of the Kings, the mummy of this king was transferred to the tomb of Amenhotep II during the reign of the XXI dynasty.

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Seti I

King Seti I

Seti I (1294-1279 BC), was the second king of the XIX Dynasty and father of the great King Ramses II. His tomb is the highest, deepest and most beautiful in the Valley of the Kings.

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Ramses III

King Ramses III

King Ramses III, is one of the greatest warrior kings in the history of ancient Egypt, where he fought, in the fifth and eighth year of his reign, the peoples of the sea and the Nuba from the south. It has many buildings, including the city of Habu and the Temple of Amun in Karnak, and the construction of his famous tomb called "KV11".

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King Peribsen

King Peribsen | 2nd Dynasty Kings of Egypt

Peribsen is the pharaoh of the second Egyptian family who ruled for seventeen years. He was buried at Abydos, where a seal inscription was found containing the first complete sentence written in hieroglyphics.

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King Djedefre

King Djedefre | Successor of Cheops

Djedefre is an ancient Egyptian king (Pharaoh) of the fourth dynasty within the ancient Egyptian kingdom. He is the son and direct successor to the throne of Cheops, the builder of the Great Pyramid. He is the first to associate his name with the sun god Ra. He wanted to build a pyramid-like his father Khufu's pyramid in the Abu Rawash area, but he did not finish his pyramid except by laying the base of the pyramid. He was succeeded by his son Khafre, who built the second pyramid at Giza for himself.

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King Shepseskaf

King Shepseskaf | Last King of the Fourth Dynasty

Last king of the IV dynasty. Shepskaf assumed the government of Egypt after his father. He ruled for more than four years during which time he built a tomb in southern Saqqara in the shape of a rectangular coffin known as the "Mastaba of the Pharaoh". and his covenant was distinguished by the increased influence of the sun priests, thus contradicting the custom of his ancestors to build a pyramid for him. The association with the cult of the sun is a violation of the priests and their influence.

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King Djedkare

King Djedkare | 5th Dynasty of Egypt History

King Djedkare is the eighth pharaoh of the kings of the fifth dynasty. He ascended to the throne of Egypt from 2414 to 2375 BC. C. and his government lasted almost 28 years. He did not build a solar temple like the Fifth Dynasty kings who preceded him, but he did build his pyramid in the "Saqqara" area.

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King Senusret II

King Senusret II | 12th Dynasty Middle Kingdom

King Senusret II was the fourth king of the 12th Dynasty of Egypt, succeeding his father, King Amenemhat II, and sharing the rule with him during his later years. And what distinguishes him the most is his great interest in the Fayoum Oasis area, as he began to build a huge irrigation system that starts from Bahr Youssef and ends at Morris Lake.

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King Pepi I

King Pepi I

Baby I, the third pharaoh during the reign of the Sixth Dynasty. His reign is considered a period of stability and prosperity. he built a pyramid for himself at Saqqara and established several temples for himself at Tell Basta and Abydos.

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King Merenre I

King Merenre I

The successor of Pepi I, Merenra I, is the fourth king of the Sixth Dynasty, he ruled for a short period, and there is a possibility that he participated from his father for some years, and then he resigned from power for a period of almost 9 years and died while still in early the second decade of His age.

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King Merenre II

King Merenre II

Merenra II reigned for only one year and was succeeded by his stepbrother, Pepi II. The new king had to still be a boy at the time of ascending the throne because the canon of Turin and Manetone agree in attributing to him a kingdom of over ninety years, dying over a hundred years after a fairly serene existence after all lively, casual and generous, according to a literary source.

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King Mentuhotep II

King Mentuhotep II | Last King of the 11th Dynasty

Mentuhot II is an ancient Egyptian king who ruled from 2061 to 2010 BC, and the meaning of his real name is (the god Montu is satisfied), he is the founder of the XXV Dynasty. He is credited with reunifying the country after the end of the turmoil of the First Decadence and became the first Egyptian king in the Middle Kingdom.

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King Amenemhat I

King Amenemhat I | 12th Dynasty Kings

He is the first king of the Twelfth Dynasty, which is considered the golden age of the Middle Kingdom in Egypt. And he ruled from 1991 BC to 1962 BC

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King Ptolemy i Soter | ptolemaic dynasty

King Ptolemy

Ptolemy I the Macedonian was one of the kings of Egypt, the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Alexandria, and the title as Poster or the Savior.

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 Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

 Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

The greatness of the Ptolemies reached its zenith during the reign of Ptolemy II, Alexandria was at the height of its glory, and it also took over the Museum and Library of Alexandria.

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Ptolemy III

Ptolemy III the Ptolemies in Egypt

Ptolemy III the Ptolemies in Egypt He came to power in 246 BC after the death of his father (Ptolemies II )

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Ptolemy IV: King Ptolemy IV

Ptolemy IV: King Ptolemy IV

Ptolemy IV Philopator, Philopatorhe was the old son of the third Ptolemy king

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Ptolemy V king of Rosetta Stone

Ptolemy V king of Rosetta Stone

Ptolemy V king of Rosetta Stone his title is Epiphanes which means (the Apparent God) Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt 204 BC-180 BC

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Ptolemy the Sixth

Ptolemy the Sixth

Ptolemy the Sixth, the title name is  Philomator (meaning the lover of his mother).

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Ptolemy VII

Ptolemy VII

Ptolemy VII, one of the sons of Ptolemy V and brother of Ptolemy

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Ptolemy kings in Egypt

Ptolemy kings in Egypt from (VIIII - XII)

The Ptolemy period in Egypt had a lot of struggles over governance so it is considered an unstable era, Petolmy kings preoccupied with the internal conflicts between them so they forgot the real mission in-country

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Cleopatra VII

Cleopatra VII The last Petolmy kings 

Cleopatra VII is The last Petolmy kings, Cleopatra VI is known as the most famous queen in the world The title of Cleopatra meaning Glory of her father its a very special name,,

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 The Royal mummies parade

The Royal Mummies Parade

Egypt is preparing to complete the transfer of the royal mummies from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to the National Museum of Civilization in Ancient Egypt, in a "majestic" royal parade to transport 22 royal mummies and 17 coffins in a Pharaonic scene.

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Seqenenre

King Seqenenre

Seqnenre, the second of the greatest of the kings of Egypt, was the first to start the actual fight to expel the Hyksos from Egypt, which was terminated by his son Ahmose the First.

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Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Mr. Sisi the current president

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi  born on November 19, 1954, Cairo, Egypt, Egyptian military officer who became Egypt’s de facto leader in July 2013, after the country’s military removed Pres. He was elected president in May 2014 and elected to a second term in March 2018.

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King Farouk

King Farouk

King Farouk was the last king of Egypt, and he was the eldest son of King Fouad, who prepared him to rule in a strict way, as he reduced the surroundings that the young prince was in contact with, and he became crown prince at an early age, and the king called him the Prince of Upper Egypt

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Gamal Abdel Nasser

The Egyptian politician Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussain was the second President of Egypt from 1954 to her death in 1970.

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Anwar el-Sadat

Muhammad Anwar Muhammad al-Sadat 1918 - 1981, he was the third president of the Republic of Egypt in its history since the time of the Pharaohs, its head on the year 1970 until his assassination in 1981 by extremists, and he was one of the leaders of the Free Officers who toppled the monarchy in the July 1952 revolution, and became Vice President Gamal Abdel Nasser Then, his successor to the presidency.

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Amr Ibn El Aass

The Islamic leader Amr Ibn El Aas who conquers Egypt in 7th century

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