Learn all you want to know more about the history of Egypt which is one of the longest and richest histories in the world, The history of Egypt has been infulenced by other nations and cultures which makes it so special and unique, the Nile River was the main factor for such a civilization to be born as it served the Egyptians and provided them with a stable life and abundant food, which allowed them to concentrate on other things and other activities and also allowed them to parctice their rituals and beliefs. Caito Top Tours is your key to start discovering the beauty and the glory in the history of Egypt which was a mystery until the secrets of the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs were finally dicovered when the Rosetta Stone was found during the French occupation of Egypt in the late 16th century.

Hurry up and visit now the only remaining one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of King Cheops in Giza Necropolis that you will be visiting during your tour to Giza Pyramids, and of course the ancient Lighthouse Pharos that was completely covered after the devastating earthquake in the 6th century. and the old great Library of Alexandria which was the only one of its kind for centuries. We are going to make it simple for you to learn about all the different periods of Egypt history, which can aid the process of planning your Egypt toursEgypt Travel PackagesEgypt Day Tours, Cairo Day Tours, and Cairo day tours from airportEgypt Travel Guide is such a comprehensive guide to learn about the culture and the amazing history of the Nile Valley along with all the things to do in Cairo, Luxor excursions, Aswan tours, and much more Egypt Vacations below:

Cairo Top Tours is inviting you to relish a lot of entertaining and archeological things to see in Cairo, as we organize some of the best trips that cover most of the important things to see in Cairo in one day, as our guides help you see and enjoy at least 10 Things to see in Cairo, Egypt possess a diverse heritage that includes a lot of things to see in old Coptic Cairo, things to see in Islamic Cairo,

Old Kingdom

The Old Kingdom of Egypt History

The Old Kingdom is the name given to the period after the Archaic Age, this time is called the age of the pyramid builders due to the beginning of the existence of the pyramids in ancient Egyptian architecture and in abundance, so we had from the remains of that period the three pyramids of Giza. and one of the first rulers of this period was King Djoser, owner of the step pyramid.

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Middle Kingdom

The Middle Kingdom of Egypt History

The Middle Kingdom era is regarded as one of the brightest in Pharaonic Egypt, where it was known as the era of economic prosperity because the kings of the central country embarked on numerous projects to invest natural resources in order to advance the country. After the chaos that afflicted Egypt during the first transitional era, Mentuhotep II was able to re-unite the country.

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The New Kingdom

The New Kingdom of Egypt History

The New Kingdom of Egypt, also known as the Egyptian Empire, was a period in ancient Egyptian history that lasted from the 16th century BC to the 16th century AD. And the eleventh century BC. It was Egypt's most prosperous and prosperous period. Ramses II was regarded as one of Egypt's most famous rulers.

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Akhenaten's Rebellion, The First Insurgency

Akhenaten's Rebellion, The First Insurgency | Monotheism in Ancient Egypt

Akhenaten is the pharaoh and religious reformer who ruled Egypt for seventeen years. His religious reform was to make the sun disk "Aton" the center of Egyptian religious life and to erase the name of the main Egyptian god "Amun" and his wife "Mut" from monuments and documents throughout the Egyptian Empire.

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Islamic conquest in Egypt

Muslim Conquest in Egypt | The Arab Conquest of Egypt

It can be said that the Islamic conquest of Egypt occurred in the eighteenth year of migration, which corresponds to the year 640 A.D during the caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab – may Allah be pleased with him – and the conqueror's leader was shrewd Arab companion Amr ibn al-As – may Allah be pleased with him – and he took the path of the conqueror. He arrived at Al-Arish on the Mediterranean coast.

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Christianity in Egypt

Christianity in Egypt | History of Coptic Christianity in Egypt

Egypt was one of the first countries to preach the Gospel message, and before that, the Lord Jesus Christ arrived as a child with his mother and stepfather Joseph when the Lord's angel commanded them to go to Egypt because the king planned to kill the child Jesus (Matthew 2: 13-15). The Gospel message was brought to Egypt by the Apostle Mark, who wrote one of the Four Gospels.

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The Greco-Roman Period in Egypt

The Greco-Roman Era in Egypt | Egypt Roman Period

If the Hellenistic kingdoms fell to the Romans one after the other, Egypt remained independent and did not become a Roman state until 30 BC.

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The Ptolemaic Era in Egypt

The Ptolemaic Era in Egypt | Dynasty of the Ptolemies

The era of Ptolemaic Egypt began during the period of Ptolemy I who declared himself pharaoh of Egypt in 305 BC. C. and the Ptolemies are a family of Macedonian origin that arrived in Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. C.

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1st dynasty of ancient Egypt history

1st Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The First Dynasty of Ancient Egypt was the first Egyptian family to rule, ruling from 3200 BC to 3000 BC. The second Egyptian family is also known as the title of the ancient age. Menes was the first pharaoh, according to all Egyptian historiography accounts.

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The Second Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Second Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

In fact, we still don't know what caused the First Dynasty to fall and the Second Dynasty to rise until now. We have no knowledge of the events that led to the taking of the throne by another family, and we also disregard the relationship between the two families if the king was passed on from one family to the next. Maniton is followed in the divided families.

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The Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The old Kingdom starts with the creation of the third dynasty, but in terms of pure events, the transition from the second to the third families occurred without any division or disruption. We discover that the first of the kings erected a statue of his forefather, as well as the fact that the queen "Nai Maat Habi Nymaathapy,"

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The Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The fourth Egyptian Dynasty, which ruled Egypt from 2575 BC to 2465 BC, was followed by the fifth Egyptian family and the sixth Egyptian family, all of whom ruled during the Old Kingdom period. Memphis was Egypt's capital at the time, and King Senefru is credited with founding the fourth Egyptian family.

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The Fifth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Fifth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The 5th dynasty, which ruled Egypt from 2465 to 2323 B.C., was replaced by the 4th dynasty, which was composed of 9 kings.

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The Sixth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Sixth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Old Kingdom is made up of the Egyptian Sixth Dynasty, the Third Dynasty, the Fourth Dynasty, and the Fifth Dynasty. The reasons for the transition of power from the Fifth Dynasty to the Sixth Dynasty are unclear, but it seems that it happened in an environment free of political instability.

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The Seventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Seventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

In Egyptian history, the 7th Dynasty is a well-known dynasty. The First Intermediate Period encompasses the seventh through tenth families, as well as the eleventh. Since it was a time of turmoil in Egyptian history, nothing is known about the kings of the 7th and 8th dynasties.

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The Eighth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Eighth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

During the Eighth Dynasty, we discovered that the pharaohs of this family were still traditional in most instances, referring to themselves by the names of their forefathers. Five pharaohs were known as "Nefer Ka Ra," one was known as "Djedkara," and another was known as "Nefer Er Kara" among the kings of the eighth dynasty.

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The Ninth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Ninth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

We don't know much about the dispute that occurred between the princes of Ahnasia and the last kings of the Eighth Dynasty in Memphis, and we don't know much about the status of the governors of the new family's provinces when they were created, but it's fair to say that the general situation remained mostly unchanged, and the new kings continued to demand.

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The Tenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Tenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The reasons for the transition of power from the ninth to the tenth dynasties are unknown, particularly because we recognise a form of communication through the names of their kings. The Egyptians often referred to them as the "Khatti dynasty." It is never ruled out that the Heraclius pharaohs were split into two families due to a reinterpretation of Egyptian origins.

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The French Expedition in Egypt

The French Expedition in Egypt

Before the French campaign against Egypt, Charles Majalon, the French consul in Egypt, presented his report to his government on February 9, 1798 AD, inciting it to the necessity of occupying Egypt, showing the importance of his country’s seizure of Egypt's products and trade, and enumerating the advantages that France is expected to reap from behind That.

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Naqada period in ancient Egypt

Naqada period in ancient Egypt

The porcelain industry that was widespread during the Naqada I era began to disappear, and dishes, cups, and ornamental vases made from the blended child began to appear. The formation of this substance was more difficult than the formation of the indigo girl, but solid vessels suitable for preserving food for a long time are spared.

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The Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The eleventh family is the eleventh dynasty of the ruling families in Pharaonic Egypt and ruled from 2134 BC. C. until 1991 a. The first date of the Middle Kingdom begins with the rule of the first ruler in Thebes, called Entef, and the second date begins with the realization of the political unity of the country, since the central authority in Egypt has united again in the wake of the long period of unrest thanks to the rulers of Thebes and their efforts, and the most important king of this time is Mentuhotep II.

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The Twelfth Dynasty of the History of Ancient Egypt

The Twelfth Dynasty of the History of Ancient Egypt

This Dynasty was founded by King Amenemhat the First, who was the last minister of the eleventh Dynasty, and this twelfth family has endured tremendous hardships in imposing its control and legitimacy on the children of the previous Dynasty.

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The Thirteenth Dynasty of the history of Ancient Egypt

The Thirteenth Dynasty of the History of Ancient Egypt

The Egyptian Thirteenth Dynasty is the first family in its era that began the Hyksos invasion of Egypt, and it shares with the Eleventh Dynasty, Twelfth Dynasty, and Fourteenth Dynasty to all be in the Middle Kingdom. The reign of this family began in the period (1790 BC - 1649 BC).

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The Fourteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The Fourteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The Hyksos, the fourteenth dynasty, began in 1548 BC, which started the era of the Second Middle Kingdom

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The Fifteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Fifteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The fifteenth Dynasty, the first Huxusian family in Egypt, ruled from Ejtawai without controlling Egypt but rather preferred to remain in the northeast of Egypt soon from where they infiltrated into Egypt

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The Sixteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Sixteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

During the Thirteenth Dynasty, Egypt lost control of Nubia, and the inhabitants of Etj-Tawi were forced to flee to Thebes.

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The Seventeenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Seventeenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The last ruler of the seventeenth dynasty, known for liberating Egypt from the Hyksos "invaders."

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The Eighteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Eighteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The eighteenth Egyptian dynasty (c. 1543-1292 BC) was an ancient Egyptian dynasty that ruled Egypt from 1550 to 1292 BC. It is also considered one of Egypt's most influential and prominent families. This dynasty is also known as the Thutmose dynasty, after the four pharaohs called Thutmose.

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The Nineteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Nineteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Ramses I, the founder of the 19th dynasty, had been in the service of Horemheb, under whom he held the rank of vizier, and these had named him as his successor long before he died, preventing the typical succession problems.

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The twentieth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Twentieth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The twentieth dynasty was often combined with the nineteenth dynasty in Ancient Egypt to create the modern state. The third transitional period follows the last of the existing state's communities. It was created by Sakht Nakhti, but Ramesses III, who reigned alongside Ramesses the Second, was the most powerful ruler.

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The Twenty-first Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Twenty-First Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

After Ramses XI's death, the Pharaonic throne remained vacant for a period, while the Grand Priest of Amon rose in power in the south. The lack of a pharaoh, on the other hand, could not last long, and Nesbanebded was quick to assert his authority. Banebdjed is a major city in the country's centre, and its name means "He Who Belongs to Djed's Ram."

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The Twenty-second Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Twenty-Second Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The first information about this ruler comes from a long inscription discovered in Abido, written while he was still "the great king of the Meshwesh, prince of princes." Sheshonq's father, Nemrat, the son of a lady named Mehetemwaskhe, had died, and he had asked the ruler for permission to establish a large funeral cult in his honour in Abidos.

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The Twenty-third Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Twenty-third Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

From 828 to 712 BC, the Twenty-third Dynasty ruled. It was composed of a group of contemporary kings who ruled in different regions at the end of the twenty-second dynasty, and the dates of their reigns are disputed.

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The Twenty-fourth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The Twenty-Fourth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Tefnakht, the local king in Sais, in the delta, began to restore the country's unity around him around 730 BC. He seems to have gotten the local rulers to recognise his authority and acknowledge them as vassals in their armies through persuasion rather than coercion.

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The Twenty-fifth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The 25th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Surprisingly, Manetho does not mention this great Sudanese or Cushite warrior until about 730 BC, when he drastically altered Egyptian history. Piankhy was the brother of Shabaka, whom Manetho referred to as Sabacon, and the son of Kashta, a chieftain or ruler.

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The-Twenty-sixth-Dynasty-in-Ancient-Egypt

The 26th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Following their conquest, the Babylonians appointed trust governors to oversee the Egyptian cities. Esarhaddon had introduced the system of replacing evil rulers with those of his choosing.

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The Twenty-seventh Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The 27th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Cambyses ruled Egypt for just three years, during which time he attempted but failed to expand and consolidate the country's borders. The assault on Carthage was cancelled because the Phoenicians declined to fight against people who were related to them.

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The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

The 28th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

According to a later Egyptian legend, Amirteos disobeyed the dictates of the constitution, causing the son's succession to be refused. Manetho gives Amirteos six years of reign, which is probably an exact number since we find a pledge of payment of a debt dated in the fifth year in the Aramaic papyrus of Elefantina.

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The 29th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The 29th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The XXVIIII Dynasty is one of the well-known rulers in Egyptian history. It was founded by Nefretes I. By defeating Amirtaeus in open battle and then later killing him in Memphis. Nephritis took the capital from him at Mendes.

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The Thirtieth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The 30th dynasty of Ancient Egypt

While the order of succession has been questioned, Nekhtnebef was the first pharaoh of the 30th Dynasty. The number of monuments left by this monarch may give the impression of an uninterrupted period of peace and prosperity. He is responsible for the oldest sections of Philae.

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Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Since civilizations were founded on the banks of the Nile River, which is considered a sign of fertility and peace for the inhabitants of ancient and modern Egypt, Egypt has been known as the Land of Civilizations. Civilizations in Ancient Egypt started more than 5500 years before Christ. These two kingdoms were united under a single ruler, who was King.

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Ancient Egyptian Social Structure

Ancient Egyptian Social Structure

Ancient Egypt's social and organisational structure was organised into a hierarchy, with the king at the top. The pharaoh is the ruler of Ancient Egypt's political and social structure. The pharaoh is the absolute ruler at the top of the hierarchical scale of authority assigned to him through inheritance in the Egyptian state structure.

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The economy in ancient Egypt

The Economy in Ancient Egypt

Egypt's economy was based on agriculture, due to the fertility of the land in the Nile Valley. Its agricultural production was so great that the money obtained from agriculture was used in the construction of temples and pyramids.

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Science in Ancient Egypt

Science in Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian science is inextricably connected to the country's agricultural system. The ancient Egyptians devised a calendar to break the calendar year into 365 days in order to control the cultivation of fertile lands along the Nile's course, thanks to astronomical studies.

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Astronomy in Ancient Egypt

Astronomy in Ancient Egypt

Astronomy is very significant in Egyptian culture. The ancient Egyptians were able to identify the first calendars and sundials by observing the celestial vault, which enabled them to coordinate agricultural activities and predict Nile river floods.

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Writing in Ancient Egypt

Writing in Ancient Egypt

In 3100 BC, hieroglyphic writing emerged. They are engraved and sacred symbols that bear the gods' words and express the drawing's spoken sense, symbols, and sounds.

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Ancient Egyptian Language

Ancient Egyptian Language

No texts were meant to be sent to any of the pyramids. However, in 1880, an indication given by a block of King Pepi I's pyramid alerts the young Gaston Maspero, who persuades Mariette to excavate the ruins of another pyramid, that of King Merenre, in late December. Then there was a fantastic find: Egyptian hieroglyphic columns covering the walls.

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The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone | Discovery of Ancient Egypt Language

It is thanks to a black granite stele discovered in 1799 by the strong French army landed in Egypt under the order of Napoleon Bonaparte that we can read hieroglyphs today.

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The Pharaonic Era

The Pharaonic Era

The origins of Ancient Egypt can be traced back to about 9,000 BC, when plentiful rains in the Nile region aided the creation of a valley and fertile savannahs along the course of the region's most significant river. With Cairo Top Tours, you will learn more about the Pharaonic age!

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The Palermo Stone

The Palermo Stone

The Palermo stone contains a list of Egyptian kings from the First Dynasty to the middle of the Fifth Dynasty, including King Senefru, King Khufu, and King Jadfre, among others. The sum of the annual rise in the Nile's water level was also reported on the stone.

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The Hep Sed Festival in Ancient Egypt

The Hep Sed Festival in Ancient Egypt

The Hep-Sed Festival, also known as the royal jubilee, was a significant event that took place thirty years after a king ascended the throne. With Cairo Top Tours, you can learn more about this festival.

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The First Intermediate Period of Egypt History

The First Intermediate Period of Egypt History

An Egyptian intermediate phase denotes a weakening of the country's government and the onset of terrible disorder. With Cairo Top Tours, learn more about ancient Egypt's first intermediate period!

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The Islamic conquest of Egypt

Amr ibn-Alass led the Islamic invasion of Egypt in the 7th century.

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Foreigners who ruled Egypt

According to the great Egypt site, Egypt is the only country with this degree of civilization, making it desired by many empires and kings who all wished to sit on the throne of Egypt.

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The power of the women in ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian women had equal legal and economic rights to men. They had the ability to own land, run companies, and own slaves. Women from various social backgrounds had the same opportunities as men in their respective classes.

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The absolute power of the priests in ancient Egypt

Priests of God were the religious part of Egyptian culture, but they were very different in ancient Egypt; they ruled Egypt many times, and Pharaoh was only a picture to complete the power of the frame pyramid.

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