The Egyptian Museum of Antiquities, known also as the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It houses 120,000 items, It has been built in 1901 by the Italian construction company Garozzo-Zaffarani.
The amazing fortress in the heart of Cairo city also known as the Citadel Of Saladin was built by Salah Eldin El Ayouby, at the end of the 12th century. He was a famous king and commander, as well as founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty. The Citadel witnessed numerous historical events throughout the Egyptian history.
Egypt travel has to cover Islamic Cairo is the historic center of the Capital City of Egypt. When the Fatimid Caliphs conquered Egypt in 10th century they constructed a new capital to the north of the existing city to function as their administrative capital. They called it Al-Qahira (meaning The Vanquisher in English).
None of Cairo Day Tours is complete without visiting Khan Al-Khalili. The bazaar is loud, busy, colorful, and exciting, full of all kinds of exotic goods and shiny baubles. You can find the typical tourist trinkets here, but don’t let them distract you from the genuinely fine shopping to be found here.
When you visit Coptic Cairo you will have to go to The Hanging Church (Church of the Holy Virgin Mary) is the most famous site in Coptic Cairo, known by the Hanging Church. Its name comes from the fact that it was built on top of the walls of the 4th century B.C Roman fortress of Babylon, the remains of which are still visible about Coptic Cairo.
The Mosque of Sultan Hassan is the Pyramid of Islamic architecture in Egypt and considered one of the largest mosques in the world, measuring 150m in length and covering an area of 7,906 sq m. Its walls rise to 36m high and its tallest minaret is 68m.
This Majestic Sphinx of Giza is a 4,500-year-old limestone statue situated near the Great Pyramid in Giza, Egypt. Measuring 240 feet (73 meters) long and 66 feet (20 meters) high which make it huge enough to be seen from miles away.
Memphis became the capital of Ancient Egypt over 1000 years during the reign of eight consecutive dynasties during the Old Kingdom. It reached it's peak of prestige under the 6th dynasty as a center for the worship of Ptah, the god of creation and artworks. The alabaster sphinx that guards the Temple of Ptah serves as a memorial of the city's former power and prestige. The Memphis triad, consisting of the creator god Ptah, his consort Sekhmet, and their son Nefertem, formed the main focus of worship in the city.
It is believed in Christian tradition that the Holy Family visited this area and stayed at the site of Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church (Abu Serga), that's why people planning their Cairo day tours make sure this part of Old Cairo is seen. Coptic Cairo was a stronghold for Christianity in Egypt until the Islamic era, though most of the current buildings of the churches in Coptic Cairo were built after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in the 7th century.
Dahshur is a royal necropolis located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile approximately 40 kilometers south of Cairo and it is not heavily pressurized by the usual Cairo day tours. It has two of oldest, largest and best preserved pyramids in Egypt, built from 2613–2589 BC.
The famous Step Pyramid in Sakkara is considered to be the first large-scale cut-stone structure in the world. Djoser's complex was not simply a grave in ancient Egypt. Its an afterlife for the king so the symbolism of the step pyramid has been suggested that it may be a monumental symbol of the crown, since seven small step pyramids (that were not tombs) were built in the provinces.And in another suggestion is that it facilitated the king's ascension to join the eternal North Star.
One of the most iconic parts of Islamic Cairo. The street is named after Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah, the fourth caliph of the Fatimid dynasty. It stretches from Bab Al-Futuh in the north to Bab Zuweila in the south.
The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also famous for its lovely and unique minaret. The Ibn Tulun Mosque is a huge mosque in Cairo built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. It was also the third congregational mosque to be built in the Cairo.
The massive Monastery of Saint Simone The Tanner in Cairo's Zabbaleen community have one of the largest Christian churches in the Middle East. Simon the Tanner was a craftsman saint who lived during the 10th century and the cave church that was dedicated to him seems as though it might last for 10 more. Using a pre-existing cave and the slope that led into it, the current monastery seats 20,000 people around a central pulpit. Other caves have also been built into separate church spaces and all of them have been linked to create a massive Christian complex in the heart of the city.
The church of St. Sergio (also known as Abu Serga) was built in the center of the Ancient Roman fort of Babylon. It is one of the sites visited by the Holy Family during their escape from King Herod to the land of Egypt.
It is called the Red Pyramid for its pinkish limestone, the North Pyramid in Dahshur is the third largest pyramid in Egypt and one of the few whose interior is open to visitors.
Red Pyramid is actually the third largest pyramid in Egypt after the Great Pyramids of Khufu and Khafre at Giza. It is 105 m high (345 feet) and has an angle of 43°. Significantly, this is the corrected angle used at the earlier Bent Pyramid after the original angle proved too steep.
The pyramid of Teti measured 78.5 metres on each side. With its slope of 53°7'48" it rose to a height of 52.5 metres. Its dimensions and slope were thus similar to those of the pyramids of Teti’s predecessors and successors.
Even in the way it was built, it followed the example of Unas and Djedkare: the core masonry was made of accreted blocks of stone, encased in fine limestone.
The old kingdom was a period of prosperity and ease, which is reflected in the structures constructed in this era. Pyramids, like the step pyramid of Djoser, the most ancient rock structure in history, and the pyramid of Unas, tombs like the tomb of Irukaptah and Mehu, Mastaba tombs like the Mastaba tomb of Mereruka and Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum, make the Saqqara complex one of the most important tourist attractions in Egypt.
Al Azhar was built to be the official mosque of Cairo, the same as the Mosque of Amr Ibn El Aas in Fostat and the Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun in Qata'ea. The mosque of Al Azhar is among the largest mosques in Cairo and was first established as an educational institution to teach Shi'ite theology and spread it all over the country.
Al Rifai Mosque (named The Royal Mosque) is located in Cairo, in Midan al-Qal'a close to Cairo citadel . This Mosque was founded by Lady Khushiar Hanim mother of Caliph Ismail. She founded the Mosque in 1869 AD, but the construction was stopped in 1880 AD. Later on, in 1905 the construction resumed and the Mosque was finished in 1911.
Al Sehamy House , built in 1648 is a Cairene house from the Ottoman period with strictly separated public (salamlik) and private spaces (haramlik). In addition to the open spaces, the salamlik included the takhtabush (a large benched area which opens onto the courtyard like an iwan where business transactions were carried out in the morning), the second-story maq'ad or loggia (an informal reception area used usually in the evenings), and the qa'a (the formal reception hall).
The Grand Egyptian Museum , also known as the Giza Museum, is a planned museum of artifacts of ancient Egypt. Described as the largest archaeological museum in the world, the museum is under construction and is scheduled to open in 2020, exhibiting the full Tutankhamun collection with many pieces to be displayed for the first time. The museum is sited on (120 acres) of land approximately two kilometers from the Giza pyramids and is part of a new master plan for the plateau.