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God Thoth | Ancient Egyptian Mythology

  • 05 16, 2023

 Ancient Egyptian Mythology

God Thoth was among the most important gods of ancient Egypt and in particular, was the authority in the struggle between Horus and Seth for the successorship of Osiris. God Thoth, better known in ancient times as Theut, was the subject of a particular cult in the locality of Khomonou (in Greek Hermopolis ) in middle Egypt.

Thoth's name means 'He of Djehut', which was a province in Lower Egypt. He was the God of the moon, drawing, writing, geometry, wisdom, medicine, music, astronomy, and magic. Thoth was the patron of scribes as the creator of writing. According to a theory, he had made the creation of the world through word effectiveness.

By his own hands, the god Thoth noted in 42 books (the number of Egyptian nomes) all the wisdom of the world. He was also very attached to the goddess Maat as a representative of truth and justice. Thoth was also a god of laws. As a lawyer, legal supervisor, and defender of the dead, he participated in the weighing of the soul during the judgment, the judgment to which the deceased was subjected to know if he was worthy or not to enter the heaven of the afterlife, a traditional scene and drawing in many papyri rolls at the authorized bazaars that we usually visit during our tour to Giza Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum tour.

Thoth was considered a great inventor, having discovered numbers, mathematics, geometry, astronomy, various games (checkers and dice rolls), and especially writing. The priests of Thoth said of him that he created everything from sound and that through hieroglyphics, he also had control of magic and wizards. In fact, it is said that Thoth wrote books that contained the fabulous knowledge of magic and enchantment, books then sealed in a crypt. Another characteristic of Thoth was that of being a lunar deity. Since the moon was one of the foundations of the Egyptian calendar, he was the "gatherer of years" and the "lord of time". Egypt is still a great tourist destination because its history was at the origin of what the world is today.


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Thoth was widely worshipped throughout ancient Egypt, especially in the intellectual circles. He had several cult centers, with the city of Hermopolis Magna being a significant center of his worship. Thoth was associated with sacred writings and was often invoked by scribes, scholars, and those seeking wisdom. Rituals and offerings were dedicated to him, and his imagery was prevalent in temples and tombs. Additionally, Thoth was often depicted as an ibis-headed man accompanying the pharaoh in royal ceremonies and acted as a guide and protector of the ruler.


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