Latest Articles

  • Dades Valley

    Dades Valley

    The Dades Valley captivates nature lovers and hikers with its breathtaking rock formations and dramatic landscapes. Explore this enchanting destination renowned for its stunning beauty and immerse yourself in its natural wonders.

  • Sahara Desert

    Sahara Desert

    Experience the Sahara desert adventure as you ride camels over golden dunes and spend a magical night under the stars in a traditional Berber camp. Discover the beauty of the desert, immerse yourself in Berber culture, and create unforgettable memories in this enchanting experience.

  • Ait Ben Haddou

    Ait Ben Haddou

    Ait Ben Haddou: The Red Citadel, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a stunning fortified village in Morocco. With its distinctive red mud-brick buildings and intricate architecture, it offers a captivating glimpse into the region's history and culture. Explore the narrow alleys, marvel at the ancient structures, and soak in the majestic views of the surrounding desert landscape.

  • Chefchaouen


    Chefchaouen, known as the blue city, is a stunning destination nestled in the Rif Mountains. Explore its picturesque streets, visit the Kasbah Museum, and marvel at the breathtaking mountain views, making it a photographer's dream.

  • Tangier


    Experience the beauty of Tangier, one of Morocco's finest coastal cities. Immerse yourself in its rich history shaped by Spanish and Moroccan influences. Explore the historic Kasbah for breathtaking views, and wander through the bustling medina.

  • Atlas Mountains

    Atlas Mountains

    The Atlas Mountains in Morocco are a breathtaking range of peaks that offer stunning natural beauty and outdoor adventures. Explore picturesque valleys, hike scenic trails, and discover the rich culture in the villages nestled among these majestic mountains.

The First Intermediate Period of Egypt History

  • 05 16, 2023

The First Intermediate Period of Egypt's History

Ancient Egypt’s first intermediate period was the period that had begun by the end of the reign of King Pepi the second, Pepi was considered the longest-reigning pharaoh in the history of the country. Then comes the first intermediate period where the country fell under severe chaos and misery, not only that but also we could see the deteriorating arts the thing that made it seem more or less like a ‘’ dark age ’’.

It is assumed that the first intermediate period happened when the prolonged failure of the Nile floods continued to happen which led the monarchy to a severe famine and collapse.

We can also notice that it wasn’t completely ‘’ A dark age’’, as we see the development of some non-royal towns and a thriving culture as well as the different pottery shape for more efficient use of the pottery wheel, also noting that the first intermediate period was the base of the upcoming philosophical texts.

The innovative burial style, Cartonnage evolved, As the mummies were completely wrapped, with gypsum and a linen-colored mask covering the face of the mummy. Also noticed that earlier the sophisticated mummification and the specialized funerary articles were only used for the Elite or those with money who could afford it whereas we see during this period that many of the provincial inhabitants were being mummified in a similar good way.

We don’t know much about the early years of this intermediate period but, By reaching the second half of it, there had been two nomes that were competing with their own monarchs. The king of Thebes (Luxor nowadays), King Mentuhotep the second, defeated his adversary in 2040, putting an end to the 1st Intermediate Period.


Share On Social Media:

Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

During the First Intermediate Period of Egypt, Mentuhotep II, the Pharaoh of the 11th Dynasty, is often regarded as the most significant figure. He played a pivotal role in reunifying Upper and Lower Egypt after a period of political fragmentation and strife. His reign marked the beginning of the Middle Kingdom period, characterized by stability and centralization of power.


Cairo Top Tours Partners

Check out our partners

the oberoi