The 26th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt

Following their conquest, the Babylonians placed governors of their trust at the helm of the Egyptian cities. The system of replacing the evil rulers with others of his choice had been inaugurated by Esarhaddon.

Among the chosen ones was a certain Neko, prince of Sais, perhaps a descendant of Piankhy's opponent, Tefnakht. Neko, however, had not been slow to rebel and had been deported to Nineveh with other prisoners.

Although Manetho places Psamtik I only as of the fourth king, good historical reasons indicate him as the true founder of the dynasty. The name, apparently foreign, is instead Egyptian and means the "drink vendor", an expression that evidently has some relationship with the story of Herodotus according to which he had improvised a libation cup with his helmet.

Son of Psamtic I, Neko II was no less enterprising than his father but was less fortunate. His monuments in Egypt are few and singularly scarce of information. Herodotus remains the main source of news for his home businesses. A courageous attempt to connect the Nile to the Red Sea by means of a canal had to be abandoned, but it is almost certain that the Phoenician ships, sent by him to circumnavigate Africa, succeeded in returning after three years through the Columns of Hercules. For this enterprise, it is still remembered today.

Died Neko II in 595 BC, was succeeded by his son Psamtic II, whose relatively short reign has often underestimated the importance. In reality, the monuments that name the king or his officials are much more numerous than those of the two predecessors, and a much-debated expedition to Nubia confers a particular interest in this kingdom. The news about this expedition derives mainly from a long epigraph, part of a group of Greek inscriptions engraved on one of the giants of Ramses II in Abu Simbel.

In 526 B.C, a few months after the death of Amasis, Cyprus broke the alliance with Egypt, setting off a real storm that fell on the head of Psamtic III. The latter, son of Amasis, went out of his way to ward off the end.

The battle of Pelusio was fought with desperate tenacity (525 BC), but in the end, the Egyptians retreated in disorder to Memphis, who surrendered only after a long siege.

Thus Egypt passed into the hands of the Persians (27th dynasty of Manetho).

If you're planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. You can enjoy one of the Classic tours in Egypt, that all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most of Cairo day trips, Luxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, that is why our travel information section is meant to useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley.

Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like: