Cleopatra VII | Cleopatra Philopator | The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt



Cleopatra VII or Cleopatra Philopator, is one of the most important kings of Pharaonic Egypt, as she was the richest queen in the Mediterranean, as well as being the most powerful woman of The Macedonian Dynasty in Egypt.


Cleopatra VII is probably among the most famous characters of ancient Egypt and of all history, she was the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic era, which began with Ptolemy I, to reign over the Kingdom of Egypt and also the last of the whole Hellenistic period, which began with Alexander the Great and whose end corresponds precisely with his death.

A strong and independent woman, she attempted a communicative policy, despite the continued growth of the authority of the Roman Republic in the Mediterranean Sea; in fact, she managed to relate effectively to this great power of her time thanks to the personal relationship he established with two important Roman generals, Julius Caesar and Marco Anthony, and had a central role in the last republican civil war, which led to the birth of the Roman Empire at the hands of Octavian Augustus.

After a brief co-regency with her father, Ptolemy XII from 52 to 51 B.C, Cleopatra ascended the throne together with her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII; later, after the Alexandrian civil war ( 48 - 47 B/C ), with the other brother, Ptolemy XIV, until 44 B.C and finally with the eldest son, Ptolemy XV Caesar; therefore she never reigned nominally alone, as a woman, but in reality, it was always she who ruled over her kingdom. The figure of Cleopatra has been since ancient times at the center of more or less imaginative tales and historical reconstructions, which led her to survive in the common imagination until now.

Ptolemy XII died of illness in the spring of 51 B.C and Cleopatra succeeded her father together with her ten-year-old brother Ptolemy XIII, who was supposed to marry her according to the tradition that the Ptolemaic dynasty had started with Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II, taking up the tradition of the ancient pharaohs. However, this union did not take place then and perhaps not later. Cleopatra immediately assumed the title of Philopátor, "father's lover") in honor of the deceased parent. However, it seems that at first Cleopatra had made sure not to circulate the news of the death of her father, probably to legitimize her power.

Egypt welcomes you with its mighty Nile along the Nile valley as you will be exploring the Luxor east and west bank tour. and marvelous monuments with Cairo Top Tours which is ready to offer our guests, the best trips in Egypt and Egypt itineraries to discover most of the important things to do in Cairo, Most visitors will make a beeline straight to the most famous sightseeing the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Adventurers, backpackers, and travel bloggers could join one of our Egypt budget tours traversing the Sahara Desert, like Siwa tours from Cairo for instance or preferably the White Desert tours Egypt

If you travel to Egypt and would like to spend a day in the shining pearl of the Mediterranean founded by Alexander the Great, the city of  Alexandria as well as many other sites, cities, adventures, and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Egypt day tours if your tour including your stay in the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours that go there for one day or if you have a long layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to  book a trip from Cairo day tours from airport like:

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Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

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Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Dahshur, and Maidum from Cairo.

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Tour to Giza Pyramids Meidum and Saqqara from Cairo.

Tour to Giza PyramidsMemphis and Meidum from Cairo.