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King Huni

  • 05 16, 2023

King Huni | Third Dynasty Kings of Egypt

like Hu or Huny Dynasty III (2.686–2.613) and Pharaoh (c. 2.621–2.597) of the Old Empire, whose reign, according to the Royal Papyrus of Turin, would last 24 years. He may have been Jaba's direct successor, but he is the last surviving member of this creative dynasty.

King Huni also had a girl called Hetepheres who would become the wife of her half-brother, Snefru. They had Cheops, Khufu who was the creator of the Great Pyramid. King Huni was called ( the Smiter) is perhaps because of his successful military campaigns against the enemies of Egypt. During early Egyptian history, the traveling Bedouin tribes were fiercely fought by the ancient Egyptians in order to keep control of the quarries and mines in the desert areas of the Sinai, Canaan, Syria, and Arabia.

The Stone Quarries were of great importance to the king enabling the extraction of stone building materials required for his extensive building projects. Several small, pyramid-shaped, monuments have been associated with this king. They do not contain internal chambers, so they are not tombs. They are believed to act as boundary markers of land for the king, or perhaps cenotaphs dedicated to close members of his family. 

King Huni erected a brick pyramidal tomb at Abu Rawash (8 km north of Giza). This layered brick pyramid is very small and badly damaged. The Mud bricks used for its construction were unusual for the third Dynasty who were using stone for their monuments built at this time.

The major building project was the construction of his Step Pyramid at Meidum. The construction of this innovative pyramid, started by Pharaoh Huni, was never completed during his lifetime. It was finished by his son and successor King Snefru.


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Egypt Tours FAQ

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Luxor governorate is one of the most archaeological places, as it contains a large number of temples built by the Pharaohs. The Luxor governorate is the most famous place in the world where there are monuments, not only in Egypt. From time to time, archaeologists discover tombs buried underground, and the Luxor area is a meeting point for civilizations.

King Huni, also known as Horus Huni, was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during the Third Dynasty of Egypt, around 2630–2610 BC. While his reign is relatively obscure and historical records from this period are limited, there are a few notable aspects associated with King Huni:

Pyramid Builder: King Huni is traditionally credited with initiating the construction of pyramids as royal tombs in Egypt. His reign marked the transition from mastaba tombs (flat-roofed rectangular structures) to the development of pyramid complexes. Although his pyramids are relatively modest compared to those of later Pharaohs, they represent an important step in the evolution of pyramid architecture.

Hieroglyphic Inscriptions: Hieroglyphic inscriptions associated with King Huni's reign have been discovered, providing evidence of the early use of hieroglyphs for recording historical and administrative information. These inscriptions offer insights into the development of Egyptian writing during this period.

Dynastic Transition: King Huni's reign is considered part of the Third Dynasty, which marked the beginning of the Old Kingdom period in ancient Egypt. His rule followed the earlier Dynasties 1 and 2, and it is believed to have been a time of political consolidation as the Pharaonic state continued to evolve.

Mastaba Tombs: While King Huni is associated with the transition to pyramid construction, his predecessors in the early Dynastic Period still used mastabas for burials. The use of mastaba tombs continued alongside the development of pyramids.

Historical Uncertainty: The historical records from King Huni's reign are limited, and details about his accomplishments and reign remain somewhat uncertain. Some scholars even suggest that he might have ruled concurrently with another pharaoh named Sneferka, further complicating our understanding of this period.


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