Facts about Ramesseum



Pharaoh Ramses II, son of the Sun goddess, built the Ramesseum Temple and it was named after him by Champollion. In Luxor and Nubia, one of them is the temple of Ramesseum, or a palace that is millions of years old, as the ancient Egyptians call it. During his time, he built several temples.


Facts about Ramesseum 


Funerary temple of Ramses II, Ramses II called this temple the Temple of Millions of Years of Maat-Ra. Built on the west bank of the Nile River at Thebes in Upper Egypt. The temple, famous for its 17 meters seated statue of Ramses II (of which only remains are left), was dedicated to the god Amon and the king.

Ramesseum Temple

 The walls of the Ramesseum, which only have half kept, are decorated with reliefs, had scenes showing the Battle of Kadesh, the Syrian wars, and the Festival of Min. 

The temple consists of two courts, hypostyle halls, a sanctuary, accompanying chambers, and storerooms. What is unusual is that the rectangular floor plan was altered to incorporate an older, smaller temple – that of Ramses II’s mother, Tuya – off to one side.

The entrance had a doorway in the northeast corner of the enclosure wall,  leads into the second court, on the left of the first pylon. The first and second pylons measure more than 60 m it had scenes of Ramses’ military,  battles against the Hittites.

Ancient Egypt History

 the western stairs is the Colossus of Ramses II, the Ozymandias of Shelley’s poem, lying somewhat forlornly on the ground, where it once stood 17.5 m tall.

 The head of a pair of granite statues of Ramses II lies in the second court. 29 of the original 48 columns of the hypostyle hall are still standing.  In the smaller hall behind it, the roof, hieroglyphs, is still in place. Some wall carvings, including showing the pharaoh's name is inscribed on a cartouch.