Latest Articles

  • Gabal Shayeb Al Banat - Red Sea Mountain

    Gabal Shayeb Al Banat - Red Sea Mountain

    Gabal Shayeb Al Banat, also known as Mount Shayeb Al Banat, is a stunning mountain located in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The mountain holds cultural significance and attracts visitors seeking natural beauty and captivating folklore.

  • Mummification Museum

    Mummification Museum

    The Mummification Museum is a unique and captivating destination that offers visitors an extraordinary glimpse into the ancient Egyptian art of mummification. It houses a vast collection of well-preserved mummies, artifacts, and interactive exhibits.

  • Sphinx in White Desert - White Chalk Formations

    Sphinx in White Desert - White Chalk Formations

    The Sphinx in White Desert is a stunning natural rock formation located in the White Desert of Egypt. Resembling the mythical creature from ancient Egyptian lore, this mesmerizing structure stands tall amidst the surreal landscape.

  • The English House in Egypt - An Oasis Relic of War and Revolution

    The English House in Egypt - An Oasis Relic of War and Revolution

    The English House in Egypt is a historical landmark that stands as a captivating relic of the region's tumultuous past, reflecting the impact of war and revolution on the oasis. Nestled amidst the Egyptian desert, this architectural gem holds a significant place in history.

  • Best National Parks In Egypt

    Best National Parks In Egypt To Witness The Wild Side Of The Country!

    It is common knowledge that Egypt has a warm climate and desert landscapes, but less is known about the national parks and natural reserves, which make up over 12% of the country's total geographical area. Egypt has over 30 national parks, each home to a variety of plants and animals, some of which are indigenous to Egypt and are only found there. The National Parks are popular destinations for the people of Cairo, the capital city, who come for a breath of fresh air away from the bustle of city life. The country's national parks and wildlife reserves, which draw visitors from all over the world, are one of Egypt's top tourism destinations.

  • list of lakes in egypt

    Relax And Unwind At The Lakeside In The Land Of Pyramids

    People who prefer peace and tranquilly would undoubtedly enjoy spending time by themselves amid Egypt's natural beauty close to the lakes. Nature does provide one with a lot of privacy because of the tranquil waterways and the chirping birds. In fact, it's a wonderful location for self-reflection and rejuvenation while taking in the natural splendour.

  • 05 16, 2023

The Temple of Khnum was built, for the first time, during the reign of King Thutmose III, one of the famous kings of the ancient pharaohs (during the era of the New Dynasty), but the current temple dates back to the Greco-Roman era, when the city of Esna became the third capital of Egypt from Upper Egypt, after Memphis and Thebes.

The Esna Temple is dedicated primarily to the worship of the god Khnum (the ancient Egyptian god of the Nile), but it was also dedicated to a number of other deities among the ancient Egyptians and pharaohs, most notably Neith (the ancient goddess of war and weaving). And he spoke (the god of magic), and (the god of the Lord of the Nile) sat down, and I ended (the lion gods).

In the year 1843 AD, during the era of Muhammad Ali Pasha, the ruler of Egypt, the temple was discovered and then restored and the rubble on the walls of the temple was completely cleaned. It is noteworthy that the scientist Champollion discovered the presence of Pharaonic inscriptions of King Thutmose in 1828 AD. It was built during the reign of a series of Roman emperors from Claudius (41-54 AD) to Decius (249-251 AD).

When you enter the Esna Temple, you will see several highlights, such as the (excavated) hypostyle hall, the hypostyle room, the Esna Temple precincts, and the gallery. A visit to the Esna Temple includes a lot of fun and excitement, especially if we know that the temple was built about nine meters below ground level. Here we see the Maretwit Hall, which was excavated over the Column Hall, but the rest of the temple is still buried under the city of Esna, and as a result, it appears that the temple sits in a large hole hollowed out of the city. Although some of the stone blocks attesting to construction during the reign of Thutmose III were reused at the site, the oldest complete part of the temple is the back wall of the hypostyle hall built during the Ptolemaic period and features depictions of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII.

As you enter Esna Temple, you will be struck by the roof of the Hypostyle Hall, supported by twenty-four columns with beautifully carved flower heads in a variety of designs. You will also notice the shape of the columns decorated with texts describing the religious festival and depicting several Roman emperors in front of the ancient Egyptian gods. For example, the reliefs depict Emperor Trajan dancing in front of the goddess Menhet, and on the north wall of the hall, the pharaoh is depicted hunting wild birds, which symbolically quenching evil spirits. In the eastern corner, there is a strange hymn to Khnum in which the name of the god is written using the hieroglyph of a crocodile, and in the opposite corner, the hymn is repeated but with the name of the gods written with the head of a ram. Decorations that can also be seen inside the Esna Temple include a number of calendars and a ceiling decorated with Egyptian astrological figures on the north side and Roman astronomical signs on the south side. The temple contains 24 columns, on which Ptolemaic drawings and texts were drawn for the most important festivals that were held, such as the festival of raising the sky on the pillars and the celebration of the pottery maker on his wheel for the god Khnum, who was an ancient belief among the ancient Egyptians.

The most important Pharaonic deity that was worshiped in the Esna Temple:
The god Khnum, “the god of creation,” was represented in the form of a human being.

The god Khonsu, “the moon god”
The deity was granted and it was represented in the form of an emirate with a lion's head
Goddess Nate
God is really the "God of War"
The god Anubis

Next to the temple is the Monastery of Manabos and the Martyrs, it was built in the fourth century AD.
You will find Pharaonic drawings and inscriptions on the temples, the story of Khnum, the son of the god Khnum, “the god of fruit” among the Pharaohs, where the pottery wheel feast, the story of Ra’s struggle with humans, and the journey of the goddess Neith with Sais to Esna were recorded on the walls. You will also find engravings of Emperor Claudius in front of the Egyptian gods, drawings of King Ptolemy VI, and drawings of King and Roman Emperor Trajan and Marco.

The temple and many more attractions in Luxor can be done during one of Egypt Luxury tours that allows you to stay at the most outstanding hotels and Nile cruises or if you are traveling with a small amount of money and would like to save your time and expenses you can check our wide variety of Egypt cheap budget tours packages, if you have been on an accident and suffer from a physical injury don't ever worry because our professional operators customized a collection of Egypt wheelchair accessible tours packages that use all the accessible vehicles and different facilities for disabled people which is one of the main categories of our Egypt classic tours.

There is a really awesome place in Aswan called the Temple Of Maharraqa. It's a special place where you can learn about how people lived a long time ago in Egypt. You can even pretend to be there and see all the amazing things they had back then.

Share On Social Media:

Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

Egypt is a stunning, historically and culturally rich nation that draws millions of visitors each year. As a third of the world's monuments, including the Valley of the Kings, the Ramesseum Temple, the Sofitel Winter Palace Luxor, and the Luxor Temple, are located in Luxor, there are numerous museums, temples, and palaces that you may visit.

Enjoy a 60-minute journey at 2000 feet in height while viewing the balloon in flight.


The Temple of Khnum, also known as the Temple of Esna, is an ancient Egyptian temple located in the city of Esna in Upper Egypt. It is dedicated to Khnum, the ram-headed god of creation and fertility.


Cairo Top Tours Partners

Check out our partners

the oberoi