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Pottery in the History of Egypt | Ancient Egyptian Pottery

  • 05 16, 2023

Pottery in the History of Egypt 

Egypt has great luck that she has The Nile Vally, It's a gift for us, The Nile Vally made the Ancient People create a great civilization ( The Ancient Egyptian civilization) So that the ancient Egyptian found out the agriculture and hunting in addition to drinking the pure water.

Predynastic period (Naqada) pottery in Egypt

This period covers all of ancient Egyptian prehistory, from the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), down to the end of the Neolithic (New Stone Age). Strictly speaking, “prehistory” refers to the phase of a culture before it had written. In Egypt’s case, writing appears at around the same time as the end of its Stone Age, around 3100 BC.

Ancient Egyptian Pottery

This is also when Egypt as a unified political entity came into being, making it the world’s oldest nation-state.  Before the formation of the first Egyptian state, during the Neolithic Period, an increasing homogenization of the different cultures that had emerged along the Nile Valley can be seen.

Cultures are named after their sites of origin. Some of the most important of these are the Maadi Cultural Complex (c.4000–3100 BC) in Lower Egypt, near Cairo; Badarian culture (c.5500–4000 BC) near modern Asyut in Middle Egypt; and, most importantly Naqada I (c.4000–3500 BC) in Upper Egypt, near Luxor.
Islamic art pottery 

which is the most distinctive and original specialty of Islamic ceramics.

The era of Islamic pottery started around 622. From 633, Muslim armies moved rapidly towards Persia, Byzantium, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Egypt, and later Andalusia.

The early history of Islamic pottery remains somewhat obscure and speculative as little evidence has survived. Apart from tiles that escaped destruction due to their use in the architectural decoration of buildings and mosques, much early medieval pottery vanished.

 Instead, Islamic pottery developed geometric and plant-based decoration to a very high level and made more use of decorative schemes made up of many tiles than any previous culture.

Fayoum Tunis village and hand-made pottery

 

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Egyptian pottery was typically made using the wheel-throwing technique. Skilled artisans shaped clay on a potter's wheel, creating different vessel forms like jars, bowls, and plates. The clay was then left to dry partially to achieve a leather-hard consistency, making it easier to handle and decorate. Before firing, artists applied various techniques such as incising, painting, or adding colored glazes. Finally, the pottery was fired in kilns at high temperatures, which hardened it and made it suitable for practical use or ornamental purposes.

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