The Ancient Nubia | The Nubian kingdom History



The cultural complexity and the concentration of settlements in the late Paleolithic period, also attributed to the importance of the presence of the Nile, are part of the slow decentralization process found in northern Africa starting from around 15,000 B.C. Discover the old civilization of Ancient Nubia with Cairo Top Tours!


Nubia (Arabic Nuba) A region of northeastern Africa, situated between Egypt and Sudan, crossed longitudinally by the Nile, limited to the North by the floodgates of Aswan, East from the Red Sea, South from the junction of the Blue Nile and the White Nile, West from the Libyan desert. Only in the immediate proximity of the Nile, interrupted by six floodgates, there is a strip of arable land, crossed by rail; here are the main centers: Berber, caravan center for the Red Sea, at the confluence of the Atbara; the old center of Wadi Halfa, on the border between Egypt and Sudan, was submerged following the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

At the beginning of the historical age (3500 B.C), while the Egyptian civilization was acquiring more and more independent characteristics, Nubia. continued a delayed Subneolithic (so-called "group A and B" cultures), which at the end of the Old Kingdom (2250 B.C) developed into an autonomous and rich ceramic production (so-called 'group C' culture, which will constitute the original background of all the superimpositions of Egyptian culture of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom).

The Old Kingdom was only interested in the exploitation of the gold mines of the Nubian land; in the Middle Kingdom, military expeditions conducted to defend the country's southern borders and trade routes resulted in the construction of a series of Egyptian fortresses along the river to Semnah, south of the second cataract, without a process of merging with the population indigenous or forms of expansion. With the New Kingdom, under Thutmosis I (1504-1492 B.C) the Nubia was invaded until the fourth cataract and the country was joined and administered as an Egyptian province. However, this is a moment of particular richness for Nubia itself. which, if on the one hand remains faithful to the natural ceramic production of 'group C', on the other hand, by Ramses II, is enriched with monumental temples, of which the most important are the two of Abu Simbel, and which differ from the contemporary Egyptian ones in that they are cut into the mountain. Around 1100 B.C the period of Egyptian domination ended; towards 750 B.C, the Nubia was established in a self-ruling state with capital Napata and gradually extended its authority to Egypt, at the time politically in crisis. In this phase, the artistic production was inspired by the Egyptian works of the most archaic period and the pyramids return to use as royal burials.

it is a land of considerable charm and interest, capable of offering the suggestion of the Saharan landscape with its nomads, the family lived in the peasant villages along the banks of the Nile, inhabited by a friendly and very hospitable population, and finally the imposing and unrecognized remains of ancient civilizations that have followed one another in this area for 4 thousand years, often in close connection with the Egyptian one.

In fact, archaeologists consider Nubia as one of the richest and most interesting areas of the continent, where research is still in its infancy.

If you're planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. You can enjoy one of the Classic tours in Egypt, that all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most of Cairo day trips, Luxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, that is why our travel information section is meant to useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley.

Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt tour itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like:

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahsur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break | Cairo city break.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Grand Egyptian Museum Tour from Cairo.

- Half Day tour to the Grand Egyptian Museum.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- El Minya tour from Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Memphis City.

- Cairo Day Trip to Giza Pyramids and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Day tour to Dahshur, Saqqara and Maidum from Cairo.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

- Cairo Shopping Tour.

- Egypt classic tours | Classic Packages to Egypt.

- 8 Days Cairo and the Nile Cruise by Air | Travel Packages in Egypt.

-  5 Days Cairo and Alexandria tour packageEgypt Package Tour from Cairo.

- 7 Days Cairo and Sharm El Sheikh Tour | Egypt Vacation Packages.

- 13 Days Cairo, Nile Cruise and The Oasis Tour | the best of Egypt holidays all inclusive.

- Cairo and White Desert Adventure Tour | Egypt Vacations.

- Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan | Egypt Nile Cruise Luxor and Aswan.

- 3 Days Cairo Stopover | Cairo Short Break | Egypt Short Vacation.

- 4 Days Cairo Short Break Tour | Cairo Stopover | Egypt Short Vacation.

- Cairo, Nile Cruise and Red Sea Tour.

- Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and Aswan holiday package.

- 7 Days Cairo and The Nile Cruise Vacation | Travel package in Egypt.

- 5 Days Cairo and Luxor Vacation | Tour Packages in Egypt.

- 6 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Vacation | 6 Days holiday Package in Egypt.

- Vacation Packages to Egypt | Pyramids, Nile Cruise, and Sharm El Sheikh Tour Package.

- 12 Days Cairo, Alexandria, The Nile Cruise and Hurghada Travel

- 10 Days Egypt private tour packageEgypt Budget Tours.

- 10 Days Package to Egypt | Egypt 10 Days Itinerary.

- 11 Days Egypt Tour | 11 Day s Egypt Itinerary

- Egypt Luxury Tours | Luxury Egypt Tour Packages | Best of Egypt Tours.

- 8 Days Egypt and the Nile Cruise Luxury Tour.

- Egypt Luxury Tour 12 Days to Cairo Nile Cruise and The Red Sea | Egypt Luxury tour packages.

- 12 Days Cairo, Nile Cruise and Lake Nasser Cruise Luxury Tour.

- 10 Days and The Nile Cruise Luxury Tour | Egypt Luxury Vacations.

- 8 Days Cairo and Dahabeya Luxury Travel | Egypt Luxury Private Tours.

- Cairo, Aswan and Luxor Travel in styleEgypt Luxury Travel.

- 12 Days Cairo, Alexandria, The Nile Cruise and Hurghada Luxury Travel.

- 10 Days Egypt Luxury Tour Package | Luxury Egypt Tours.

- 10 Days Luxury Package to Egypt | Egypt 10 days Luxury Itinerary.

- 11 Days Egypt Luxury Tour | Luxury Egypt Tour Package.

Egypt Christmas tours 2020 | The best Egypt new year tours (Christmas packages).

- 9 days Cairo and Xmas Nile Cruise by Train | Egypt Christmas Holidays 2020.

- 8 Days Cairo and Christmas Nile Cruise by Flight | Egypt Christmas and New Year tours 2020.

New Year in Egypt 2020 Holidays and Nile Cruise | Egypt Christmas Holidays.

4 Days Cairo Short Break durin Christmas.

Cairo, The Nile and Hurghada Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas tours.

- 10 Days Egypt Christms Package Tour.

- 10 Days Egypt Christmas tour package.

5 Days Cairo and Luxor Holiday during the Christmas | Egypt Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas and New Year Tours.

- 11 Day Egypt Christmas Tour Package | Christmas tours in Egypt.

Movenpick MS Royal Lily Christmas Nile Cruise.

MS Mayfair Christmas Nile Cruise Tours | Xmas and New Year Nile Cruises.

- Egypt Easter Tours 2020 | Easter Tours in Egypt | Egypt Travel during Easter.

- 8 days Cairo and the Nile by Air during Easter | Easter Travel Packages in Egypt.

7 days Cairo and Sharm El Sheikh Easter Tours.

5 days Cairo and Alexandria holiday package during Easter | Egypt Easter tours.

4 days Cairo Short Break During Easter | Egypt Easter Holidays | Easter Trip to Egypt.

12 days Egypt Easter vacations | Easter Travel Package to Egypt.

- 12 Days Cairo, The Nile Cruis and Hurghada during Easter.

- 10 Days Egypt Easter Tour Package.

- 10 Days Egypt Easter Package.

- 11 Day Egypt Easter Tours 2020 | Egypt Tour Package.

- MS Mayfair Egypt Nile River Cruise During Easter 2020.

- 4 Days Movenpick Royal Lily Nile Cruise during Easter 2020.

- Egypt Nile River Cruise Tours | Lake Nasser CruiseEgypt Nile Cruises 2020.

- Special Offers Egypt Holidays | Egypt Hot Deals.

- Egypt Desert Safari Adventure | Egypt Desert Safari Trips to Siwa and the Oases.

Desert Safari Trip to Bahariya Oasis and the White Desert | White Desert Egypt Tour.

- Cairo, Oasis and Nile Cruise Tour Package | Egypt Desert Tours.

Siwa, Bahariya and White Desert Tour Package | Siwa Oasis tour package from Cairo.

White Desert Egypt Tour | Safari Trip to Bahariya Oasis and White Desret.

2 Days Budget Tour to Bahariya Oasis and White Desert | Bahariya Oasis tour.

Siwa Oasis Desert Safari from Cairo 5 Days 4 Nights | Egypt Desert Safari Trips.

Desert Safari Trip to Gara Cave 5 days | Gara Cave Tours - Desert Safari Trip to Wadi El Rayan and Wadi Hitan - Siwa Oasis Tour from Cairo | Siwa Oasis Desert Safari - Cairo to White Desert and Bahariya Oasis Tour | White Desert Egypt Tour - Egypt Tour Itineraries | Itineraries in Egypt - Egypt Itinerary 1 Day Tour | Cairo 1 Day Itinerary - Egypt 3 Days Itinerary | Egypt Itinerary 3 Days - Egypt Itinerary 4 Days | 4 Days in Egypt Itinerary - Egypt 5 Days Itinerary | Egypt 5 Days Tour Package - Egypt Itinerary 6 Days