The Ancient Nubia | The Nubian kingdom History

The cultural complexity and concentration of settlements in the Late Paleolithic, also attributed to the importance of the presence of the Nile, are part of the slow process of decentralization found in North Africa from around 15,000 B.C. Discover the ancient civilization of ancient Nubia with Cairo Top Tours!

Nubia (Arabic Nuba) A region of northeastern Africa, situated between Egypt and Sudan, crossed longitudinally by the Nile, limited to the North by the floodgates of Aswan, East from the Red Sea, South from the junction of the Blue Nile and the White Nile, West from the Libyan desert. Only in the immediate proximity of the Nile, interrupted by six floodgates, there is a strip of arable land, crossed by rail; here are the main centers: Berber, caravan center for the Red Sea, at the confluence of the Atbara; the old center of Wadi Halfa, on the border between Egypt and Sudan, was submerged following the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

At the beginning of the historical age (3500 B.C), while the Egyptian civilization was acquiring more and more independent characteristics, Nubia. continued a delayed Subneolithic (so-called "group A and B" cultures), which at the end of the Old Kingdom (2250 B.C) developed into an autonomous and rich ceramic production (so-called 'group C' culture, which will constitute the original background of all the superimpositions of Egyptian culture of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom).

The Old Kingdom was only interested in the exploitation of the gold mines of the Nubian land; in the Middle Kingdom, military expeditions conducted to defend the country's southern borders and trade routes resulted in the construction of a series of Egyptian fortresses along the river to Semnah, south of the second cataract, without a process of merging with the population indigenous or forms of expansion. With the New Kingdom, under Thutmosis I (1504-1492 B.C) the Nubia was invaded until the fourth cataract and the country was joined and administered as an Egyptian province. However, this is a moment of particular richness for Nubia itself. which, if on the one hand remains faithful to the natural ceramic production of 'group C', on the other hand, by Ramses II, is enriched with monumental temples, of which the most important are the two of Abu Simbel, and which differ from the contemporary Egyptian ones in that they are cut into the mountain. Around 1100 B.C the period of Egyptian domination ended; towards 750 B.C, the Nubia was established in a self-ruling state with capital Napata and gradually extended its authority to Egypt, at the time politically in crisis. In this phase, the artistic production was inspired by the Egyptian works of the most archaic period and the pyramids returned to use as royal burials.

it is a land of considerable charm and interest, capable of offering the suggestion of the Saharan landscape with its nomads, the family lived in the peasant villages along the banks of the Nile, inhabited by a friendly and very hospitable population, and finally the imposing and unrecognized remains of ancient civilizations that have followed one another in this area for 4 thousand years, often in close connection with the Egyptian one.

In fact, archaeologists consider Nubia as one of the richest and most interesting areas of the continent, where research is still in its infancy.

Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day visiting Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed, and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt tour itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like:

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

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- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahsur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

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- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

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- Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

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Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

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Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

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- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

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- 8 Days Egypt and the Nile Cruise Luxury Tour.

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Egypt Christmas tours 2020 | The best Egypt new year tours (Christmas packages).

- 9 days Cairo and Xmas Nile Cruise by Train | Egypt Christmas Holidays 2020.

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New Year in Egypt 2020 Holidays and Nile Cruise | Egypt Christmas Holidays.

4 Days Cairo Short Break durin Christmas.

Cairo, The Nile and Hurghada Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas tours.

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5 Days Cairo and Luxor Holiday during the Christmas | Egypt Christmas Travel | Egypt Christmas and New Year Tours.

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Movenpick MS Royal Lily Christmas Nile Cruise.

MS Mayfair Christmas Nile Cruise Tours | Xmas and New Year Nile Cruises.

7 days Cairo and Sharm El Sheikh Easter Tours.

5 days Cairo and Alexandria holiday package during Easter | Egypt Easter tours.

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- Egypt Desert Safari Adventure | Egypt Desert Safari Trips to Siwa and the Oases.

Desert Safari Trip to Bahariya Oasis and the White Desert | White Desert Egypt Tour.

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White Desert Egypt Tour | Safari Trip to Bahariya Oasis and White Desret.

2 Days Budget Tour to Bahariya Oasis and White Desert | Bahariya Oasis tour.

Siwa Oasis Desert Safari from Cairo 5 Days 4 Nights | Egypt Desert Safari Trips.

Desert Safari Trip to Gara Cave 5 days | Gara Cave Tours - Desert Safari Trip to Wadi El Rayan and Wadi Hitan - Siwa Oasis Tour from Cairo | Siwa Oasis Desert Safari - Cairo to White Desert and Bahariya Oasis Tour | White Desert Egypt Tour - Egypt Tour Itineraries | Itineraries in Egypt - Egypt Itinerary 1 Day Tour | Cairo 1 Day Itinerary - Egypt 3 Days Itinerary | Egypt Itinerar

Have you ever been imagining Eastern magic? If you're planning to visit Egypt, then we will help you customize your Egypt Travel Packages, Egypt Luxury tours, Egypt Budget Tours, and even the shorter Cairo Half Day Tours and Cairo day tours from the airport to help you in making your holiday a reality. You should consider adding the Egypt Nile River Cruise Tours to your bucket list, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. As it is one of the Classic tours in Egypt, that all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most of Luxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, that is why Egypt Nile cruises are meant to be Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and lu