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Temple of beit el-wali Aswan

  • 05 16, 2023

Temple of Beit el-wali in Nubia 

Beit el-Wali, meaning "House of the Holy Man," may have been occupied by a Christian hermit. In the 1960s, two temples and the Kalabsha temple were relocated due to Aswan Dam construction.

Beit el-Wali Temple was built initially by Ramses II and it was accomplished and painted, during the reign of one of the most famous monarchs of the same dynasty, It is considered a prominent temple from many structures that would have been completely submerged by the rising water of lake Nasser, if an international salvage campaign had not taken place within which most of the temples were removed from their original locations to be reconstructed on a higher ground level, leaving their original sites to sink below a hundred meters deep lake.

Today, the current structure of the temple is in southern Aswan, and it was mainly dedicated to God Amoun and his associated deities.

Nubian Art History

The temple consists of three chambers, an entrance hall, and an offering hall, The north, and the south walls were embellished with war scenes mostly commemorating the victories that the Egyptian empire achieved against the Hittites of Syria throughout the New Kingdom and specifically during the Kadesh battle and other scenes of the pharaoh receiving all kinds of offerings and prisoners.

The Battle of Kadesh took place between the Egyptian Empire and the Hittite Empire in the 13th century BC, with the former led by Ramses II and the latter by Muwatalli II.

In the middle section, the heir of the throne could be seen in one row with the king, in high reliefs, fronted by kneeling captives whose facial features show Syrian and Libyan origins.

Everywhere in the temple, there are more scenes depicting Ramesses II's triumph over the Nubians.

King Ramses II

King Ramses II

 

The scenes of the Nubian campaigns show several sons of Ramesses II (The pharaoh who had 200 sons),

There is also a central doorway, its rock ceiling is supported by two architraves oriented north-south, supported by two columns. At the end of this hall in the rear wall exists a niche with three statues representing Ramesses II between two deities.

 

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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

In Egypt, you'll find many temples in Luxor and Aswan, the most famous of which are the temple of Philae, the Aswan High Dam, the historic temple of Kom Ombo, and Lake Nasser.

Location and Values: The Nubian monuments are found on the shores of (the artificial) Lake Nasser in the extreme south of Egypt. They are made up of temples from 11 different sites between the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae (below the construction site of the Aswan dam) and the enormous Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel, which is located 280 kilometers to the south.
 

In ancient Egypt, deities were believed to live in temples and briefly express themselves in the cult statues that were housed there. The temples also served as the location for daily rites, which in reality were carried out by priests rather than the pharaoh.

 

Yes, the Aswan Botanical Garden is a popular attraction that can be visited in Aswan. Located on the island of Kitchener, the garden is a lush oasis filled with various plant species from around the world. Visitors can explore the garden, enjoy the peaceful atmosphere, and learn about different plants and trees.

The Nile River exhibition center, located 6 km south of Aswan, showcases diverse aspects of the river, including its fauna, flora, irrigation techniques, and navigation systems, aiming to bridge cultural issues across Egypt and other 10 countries.

Aswan is one of the oldest cities in Egypt and the world, with a long history dating back to ancient times. Known for its strategic location on the banks of the Nile River, Aswan has been an important center of trade and civilization for thousands of years. The ancient history of Aswan dates back to Pharaonic times, as it was very important in the ancient Egyptian civilization.

The pharaohs built many temples and structures in Aswan, most notably Philae Temple and Abu Simbel Temple, which are among the most important tourist attractions in the region until today.

In addition, Aswan was an important center in later periods of Egyptian history, such as the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Islamic eras, where it witnessed many important historical developments and events.

Overall, it can be said that Aswan's ancient history spans at least thousands of years, making it one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and an area of great historical importance.

The temple of Beit el-Wali is a temple located in Old Nubia, 55 meters south of Aswan, and is considered the oldest temple of King Ramses II in Lower Nubia and was dedicated to the god Amun, the god Khnum and Anaket, and the temple was moved in 1960 AD during the construction of the High Dam, as it was moved to a higher location than its old location near the Kalabsha Temple south of the High Dam and was moved by Polish archaeologists and funded by the Swiss Institute and the Chicago Institute.

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