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King Ramses II | Ramses The Second

  • 05 16, 2023

King Ramses II 

Ramses the Second or the Great is the Pharaoh who is thought of for many years as the biblical Pharaoh who chased the Israelites during the Exodus.

Ramses II - the Egyptian pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty, reigned from around 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C. Son of Seti I, during the first years of his reign, tried to reconquer the territories in Africa and Asia Minor, battling the Hittites, against whom he conducted a long war. The most important battle was fought in 1296 B.C. near Qadesh, in northern Syria; since neither army obtained a definitive victory, a treaty was signed that allowed the division of the disputed territories and the conclusion of a marriage between Ramses and the daughter of the Hittite king.

Ramses the Second was the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the most celebrated and most powerful pharaoh in the New Kingdom. His successors and Egyptians later called him the "Great King".

He is assumed to have ascended the throne in his late youth. Manetho (a great historian who classified the history of Egypt into 3 stages, the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom interrupted by three periods, the 1st intermediate period, the second intermediate period, and the third intermediate period throughout the 30 dynasties) connects Ramses II to a period of 66 years of ruling Egypt in prosperity.

Thanks to the exceptional duration of his reign, today Egyptologists used to call him by his name for the entire period of his dynasty (the Ramesside Period).

He had many monuments built all over the country ( the Luxor Temple, the Karnak Temple, the Ramesseum ) and carved his name on numerous works of his ancestors, (as he did with Hatshepsut), taking illegal property; this amount of artifacts and architectural elements has meant that there is evidence of him in any museum in the world that receives a collection associated to Ancient Egypt.

Great lover, he had an infinite number of sons and daughters who did not hesitate to marry with diplomatic marriages, always to ensure a relationship to his reign, and he had many great royal brides; the most beloved was the famous Queen Nefertari, perhaps the most loved and admired, and Isinofret, from whom she had numerous children, and her hair to the throne (the thirteenth son Merenptah, who was the only survivor among his brothers).

Explore the various architectural achievements of Great Ramses the second through a range of Luxor day tours, Egypt Nile River Cruise Tours published on the Cairo Top Tours website that takes you to visit Luxor's temples and the fascinating tombs in the Valley of Kings during a range of exciting Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages as well as many privately guided groups of Egypt day tours.

if your Egypt tour package includes a few days to be spent here in Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours that fly to Luxor daily or if you have a long layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to book a trip to enjoy a lot of excursions and things to do in Cairo. Take advantage of this offer and discover the wonders of the blessed land of Egypt, from historical times to the present day.

After his father's death, the Great Rameses the Second became the ruler of Egypt. It's unclear how old he was at the time, but he could have been younger than 21. Rather than undoing the alliances his father had made, Rameses II focused on consolidating his power. This included undoing some of his father's less significant deeds, like the construction of the temple of Abydos.

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Egypt Tours FAQ

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Pharaoh Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great, was one of ancient Egypt's most powerful and celebrated Pharaohs. He reigned during the New Kingdom period, specifically from around 1279 to 1213 BC. Ramesses II is renowned for his numerous military campaigns, monumental building projects, and contributions to Egyptian history. Here are some notable achievements and details about Pharaoh Ramesses II:

   Military Campaigns: Ramesses II is often called "Ramesses the Great" due to his military prowess. He conducted numerous military campaigns during his long reign, including campaigns against the Hittites, Libyans, Nubians, and various other neighboring regions. He is particularly known for the Battle of Kadesh, a major conflict against the Hittite Empire.

   Battle of Kadesh: The Battle of Kadesh, fought around 1274 BC, was one of the most significant military encounters of the ancient world. While it did not result in a clear victory for either side, it is celebrated in inscriptions as a great triumph by Ramesses II. The battle is well-documented through inscriptions on temple walls and the Hittite accounts found in Hattusa.

   Building Projects: Ramesses II was a prolific builder and initiated a vast array of construction projects throughout Egypt. He is responsible for many temples, monuments, and statues, including the famous rock temples at Abu Simbel in Nubia. These temples were carved into the mountainside and feature colossal statues of the Pharaoh.

   Statues and Monuments: Ramesses II commissioned numerous statues and monuments, many of which depicted him as a god-like figure. His goal was to leave a lasting legacy and to be remembered throughout history.

   The Ramesseum: The Ramesseum is the mortuary temple complex built by Ramesses II on the west bank of the Nile near Luxor. It served as a place for offering rituals, and its large colonnaded hall and colossal statues are notable features.

   Treaty with the Hittites: After the inconclusive Battle of Kadesh, Ramesses II negotiated a peace treaty with the Hittites, known as the Treaty of Kadesh. This treaty is one of the earliest known peace agreements in history.

   Longevity of Rule: Ramesses II's reign of over six decades makes him one of the longest-reigning Pharaohs in Egyptian history. His stability and leadership contributed to the prosperity of Egypt during his time.

   Family and Succession: Ramesses II had numerous wives and children. His descendants continued to rule Egypt for several generations, making his dynasty one of the most enduring in Egyptian history.


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