King Ramses II | Ramesses II | Ramses the Second



Ramses II is the most famous King of ancient Egypt who built the Abu Simbel Temple which is an archaeological site located on the mountain south of Aswan and is distinguished from other temples of the ancient Egyptians by the occurrence of a phenomenon that is the most important among the 4,500 astronomical phenomena witnessed in Pharaonic Egypt and attracted the attention of the world when the sun passes over the face of Ramses II inside his temple twice a year.


Ramses the second or the great is the Pharaoh who is thought of for many years as the biblical Pharaoh who chased the Israelites during the Exodus.

Ramses II - Egyptian pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty, reigned from around 1279 B.C to 1213 B.C. Son of Seti I, during the first years of his reign he tried to reconquer the territories in Africa and Asia Minor, battling them to the Hittites, against whom he conducted a long war. The most important battle was fought in 1296 B.C near Qadesh, in northern Syria; since neither army obtained a definitive victory, a treaty was signed which allowed the division of the disputed territories and the conclusion of a marriage between Ramses and the daughter of the Hittite king.

Ramses the second was the third pharaoh of the19th dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the most celebrated and most powerful pharaoh in the New Kingdom. His successors and Egyptians later called him the "Great King".

It is assumed to have ascended the throne in his late youth. Manetho (a great historian who classified the history of Egypt into 3 stages, the old kingdom, the middle kingdom, and the new kingdom and interrupted by three periods, the 1st intermediate period, the second intermediate period, and the third intermediate period throughout the 30 dynasties) connects Ramses II to a period of 66 years of ruling Egypt in prosperity.

Thanks to the exceptional duration of his reign, today Egyptologists use to call by his name the entire period of his dynasty (the Ramesside Period).

He had many monuments built all over the country ( the Luxor Temple, the Karnak Temple, the Ramesseum ) and carved his name on as numerous works of his ancestors, (as he did with Hatshepsut), taking illegal property; this such amount of artifacts and architectural elements has meant that there is evidence of him in any museum in the world that receives a collection associated to Ancient Egypt.

Great lover, he had an infinite number of sons and daughters who did not hesitate to marry with diplomatic marriages, always to ensure relationship to his reign, and he had many great royal brides; the most beloved was the famous Queen Nefertari, perhaps the most loved and admired, and Isinofret, from whom she had numerous children, and her hair to the throne (the thirteenth son Merenptah, who was the only survivor among his brothers).

Explore the various architectural achievements of Great Ramses the second through a range of Luxor day tours, Egypt Nile River Cruise Tours published on Cairo Top Tours website that takes you to visit Luxor' temples and the fascinating tombs in the valley of kings during a range of exciting Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages as well as many privately guided groups of Egypt day tours.

if your Egypt tour package includes a few days to be spent here in Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours that flys to Luxor daily or if you have a long layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to  book a trip to enjoy a lot of excursions and things to do in Cairo like: