Bab zuweila or Bawabat al‑Mitwalli is one of the Islamic Architecture located in Cairo government built by the Fatimid vizier Badr Al-Din al‑Jamali
Bab Zuweila or Bawabat al‑Mitwalli is located on al Muizz street, it is one of the Cairo gates which was made in the Fatimid dynasty in 480 AH/1092 AD by the commander‑in‑chief and vizier Badr Al-Din al‑Jamali who replace those of Jawhar al‑Saqlapi the founder of Cairo and the first one built the gates by brick. bab Zuweila is the only one remaining from the southern wall which leads to al Muizz and ends with bab al‑Futuh on the northern side.
if you look at the top of the gate you will see the two minarets of al-Mu’ayyad Mosque which give the gate beautiful photoshoots, but the minarets were built in 818 AH/1415 AD when al-Mu’ayyad the Mamluk sultan built his mosque next to bab Zuweila.
A photo from El Moez Street
As for the decoration of the gate of bab Zuweila, the two minerals which we mentioned before topped the semicircle towers.
K.A.C. Creswell says that the distance between the two-tower on the outside of the wall once housed an orchestra that announces the going and coming of the royal family. when you looked at the entrance which is flanked by two towers you will see that is decorated with lobed arches. the first appearance of the arches was in North Africa and enter Egypt by the Fatimid when they come to it.
the reason to call the gate is also by Bawabat al‑Mitwalli.
Al-Mitwalli or Mitwalli al‑Hesba is one who is responsible to collect the tax and who was the official in charge of finances based here.
According to the local folklore, Al-Mitwalli is one of God's righteous friends so they believe he can make miracles.
Bab Zuwayla was considered a witness to the end of the Mamluk dynasty when the last Mamluk Sultan, Tumanbay hanged on it by the Ottoman Sultan, Selim I