Madrasa and Mosque of Amir Sarghatmish



The Madrasa of Emir Sarghatmish locates in Saliba Street behind the Ibn Tulun Mosque and a few away from the complex of Salar and Sangar. It was established by Emir Sarghatmish who was a famous Mamluk of Sultan El-Nasir Mohamed and grew up in the corps of Jamdars, or keepers of the wardrobe, This structure includes a school, a mosque, and a mausoleum.


Madrasa, Mosque of Amir Sarghatmish, was built by Prince Seif al-Din Sarghtammish al-Nasiri, in 757 AH / 1356 AD. He is one of the princes of the Mamluk Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun. It is located on Al-Khudairi Street, along Al-Saliba Street in the Sayyida Zainab neighborhood in old Cairo.

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The mosque is adjacent to the northwestern side of Ibn Tulun Mosque, which is considered the most beautiful minaret in Cairo.
 The school was built on the ruins of buildings that were located within the boundaries of the city of Al-Qata’i Tulunideh.

 

It was built elegantly and has patterns of inlaid stones. Prince Sargatmish designated this school to teach modern jurisprudence according to the Hanafi school of thought. Therefore, the school became a home for the most famous scholars of the Hanafi school, especially the Persians.

This school consists of a middle open courtyard, in the middle is a fountain with a wooden dome carried on eight marble columns that were used as a place for ablution. The Qiblah or the direction of the Kaaba, is the mihrab, the oldest Cairo dome based on a mihrab.

This wall is decorated with white marble panels with medallions carved in them, but these panels have been removed and are now in the Islamic Museum. Then it is followed in terms of the area by the iwan opposite it (northwest) and then the two side iwans.

Museum of Islamic Art

Museum of Islamic Art

 

The minaret of the mosque consists of three layers, the first and second floors are octagonal in shape, and the third floor consists of marble columns with a carved dome, 40 m above the ground and 24.60 m above the surface of the mosque, and the minaret is located to the left of the entrance.
 The dome above the mausoleum is clearly visible.

The bizarre, bivalve dome is made of bricks that form an unconventionally high cylinder, showing a circular shape that is a distinctive shape not uncommon in Egyptian buildings. The floor of the school rises from the level of the entrance and therefore there is a five-step staircase that leads to the courtyard. This school has special architectural features in which Persian influences appear, especially the Samarkandian domes, which have long necks. From this school in the position now occupied by Al-Ghouri Agency.

The mosque and school of Prince Sargatmish still retain their ancient splendor and beauty, but the mosque needs more attention and reform. The marble that adorns the walls of the courtyard of the mosque suffers from neglect, and some of the marble is about to fall, despite the recent repairs in the mosque.

The danger that threatens the mosque also is the sewage that collects from the buildings and dwellings adjacent to the mosque, despite the fact that the Antiquities Authority has created a new system for the disposal of sewage, the water is returned and collected a year after the completion of the repairs and renovations in the Ibn Tulun Mosque area.

This water accumulates every day in large quantities, to the extent that a palm tree has grown in the outer wall of the mosque.
 Some important personalities were buried in the school, such as Prince Sargatmush who is buried in the dome inside the school, as well as his son Ibrahim and the scholar Qawam al-Din al-Atqani.

 

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