Memphis became the capital of Ancient Egypt for over eight consecutive dynasties during the Old Kingdom. It reached its peak of prestige under the 6th dynasty as a center for the worship of Ptah, the god of creation and artworks. The alabaster sphinx that guards the Temple of Ptah serves as a memorial of the city's former power and prestige. The Memphis triad, consisting of the creator god Ptah, his consort Sekhmet, and their son Nefertem, formed the main focus of worship in the city.
Memphis was the ancient capital of Egypt well-known anciently as 'Inebu-hedge', the name that could not be pronounced by the Greeks so they called it after the name of one of the pyramids in the location of the city, the pyramid is called Mn Nefer which means pretty and stable. Mn-Nefer was corrupted to be Memphis then Arabs could not say it so they called the city Manf, and this name was finally pronounced by modern Egyptians as Mit-Rahina and that remains as the current name where such a cosmopolitan city used to be. anciently it was the first name of Lower Egypt at that time, It was founded by the pharaoh Menes and was the Capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom, ts ruins are found near ( Mit Rahina) town around 20 km south of Giza. It is at a strategic position at the mouth of the Nile Delta that's why it remained an essential city throughout ancient Egyptian history. Its principal port contained a high density of warehouses that distributed food and merchandise throughout the ancient kingdom. workshops, factories, and you have to remember that during its golden age, Memphis thrived as a regional center for commerce, religion, and trade
Memphis became the capital of Ancient Egypt for 1000 years over eight consecutive dynasties during the Old Kingdom. It reached its peak of prestige under the 6th dynasty as a center for the worship of Ptah, the god of creation and artworks. The Temple of Ptah which guarded by the alabaster sphinx serves as a memorial of the city's former power and prestige. The Memphis triad who is consisting of the originator god Ptah, his wife Sekhmet and their son Nefertem, made the main focus of worship in the city.
Memphis refused for a while to fly after the 18th dynasty with the rise of Thebes and the New Kingdom was renewed under the Persians before falling firmly into second place following the foundation of Alexandria. Following the Roman Empire, Alexandria continued as the most important Egyptian city. The second city of Egypt till the establishment of Fustat (or Fostat) in 641 CE was remained by Memphis. Lately, it was largely deserted and became a source of stone for the surrounding settlements. Now, still, it is an impressive set of ruins especially in the 12th century but soon became a little more than an expanse of low ruins and scattered stone.
Memphis believed that he will be under the protection of the god Ptah, the patron of artists. Its magnificent temple, Hut-ka-Ptah was one of the most leading structures in the city at that time and there is no doubt that the ruins of the former capital today offer fragmented proof of its past. They have been protected, along with the pyramid complex at Giza, as a World Heritage Site since 1979. The site is free ( open to the public) as an open-air museum.
Today the open-air museum where Memphis used to stand is among one of the most visited places during a lot of Egypt Tours that are listed here:
through Cairo layover we can take you on some of our Cairo Day Tours From Airport:
Most of Egypt Travel Packages would be covering the area of Memphis: