Sabil Khusro basha

The Khesru Sabil, Kuttab is located on Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah Fatimid Street. It was established by the governor of Egypt, Khusraw Pasha, during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan. Architecturally, the Sabil is similar to the Sabil and Kitab al-Sultan al-Ghuri, which were built 32 years before it.

The Khesru Sabil consists of an underground building for storing water, and directly above it, another building distributes this water to passers-by. The number of fountains that were built in this local Egyptian style reached sixty-three in Cairo, and the Sabil developed and the upper floor in some of the fountains was used as scribes for memorizing the Noble Qur’an as an ongoing charity also, like the water of the Sabil, is similar to modern schools in which young people receive the first principles of education such as reading, writing and memorizing the Noble Qur’an. The Islamic nations were the first in providing a form of group education for children, unlike Europe, which was adopting individual education at that time.

Sabil Khusro basha

Sabil Khusro basha


The Sabil consists of a rectangular room with sewer nets. The first window overlooks Al-Mu’izz Street on the southwestern side, and the other window overlooks the northeastern side, where the northwestern iwan of the Salhiya School is. It enters the Sabil from a corridor behind the Salhiya School. Rectangles, squares, circles, rhombuses, and triangles.

Sabil Khusraw consists of two facades and a sewer room. It has two windows for draining from metal grilles. On its southeastern wall, we find an ornate marble slab that purifies the water from suspended impurities to pour the water into a fountain at the bottom, then distributes it to two basins (pipes) for watering passers-by on the street, and above the sewer room. An educational book for Muslim orphans.

The floor of the Sabil is characterized by small colored marble pieces, its wooden ceiling is decorated with vegetal motifs designed in the two ways of coloring and gilding that the artist perfected in the Mamluk and Ottoman eras in the buildings of the city of Cairo. On the external facade of the Sabil, in the middle of it is an inscription band made of marble with the titles

of the originator, the Sultan, and the year of construction. We reach the book above the Sabil by means of a modern iron staircase, and the Qutab room takes the same layout as the Sabil room, and the two fronts of the book look outward with two adjacent arches.


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