Al Gharbia Governorate Egypt
The name of al-Gharbiyya is Associate in Nursing Arabic term which means "The Western one" or "The Western Side". within the thirteenth century, it comprised one hundred sixty-five villages, whereas the 15th-century expert al-Qalqashandi describes it as fertile and prosperous.
El Mahalla El Kobra was the metropolis till 1836, once it had been later succeeded by Tanta.
Historical places: 1- Tanta's repository. 2- ali beik al kabeer avenue. 3- El Sa'aa sq.
At present time, it's notable for the cultivation of cotton, and its textile business.
It consists of eight cities, covering quite twenty-five thousand sq. kilometers, creating it the tenth-largest governorate in Egypt. Gharbia is additionally quite densely inhabited, with quite four million folks. Despite being settled close to the Nile River, Gharbia typically incorporates a very popular desert climate.
Historical Importance of Al Gharbia
The outstanding cities of Gharbia governorate
The eight main cities of the Gharbia governorate are Tanta, El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Kafr El-Zayat, Samannoud, Zifta, Kotor, El-Santa, and Bassyoun.
Tanta is the fifth most inhabited town in Egypt, with quite four million residents. it's settled 90km north of Cairo and 120km from Alexandria. additionally, being the capital of Gharbia governorate, Tanta may be a major center of the many cotton ginning factories and incorporates a thriving textile business. Tanta University and an academic institute related to the Al-Azhar University of Cairo additionally attract students from across the country and internationally. Tanta is additionally illustrious for the eight-day long Moulid pageant control here each October, when the cotton harvest, round the topographic point of Sayid Ahmed el-Badawi, World Health Organization was the founding father of the Sufi order referred to as Badawiya in Egypt. several tourists additionally fancy visiting the repository of Tanta and therefore the Metropolitan church here.
This is the biggest town in Gharbia governorate and therefore the second largest town within the Nile River delta region. El-Mahalla El-Kubra is principally famous for its agricultural and industrial activities. The headquarters of the Misr Spinning and Weaving Company is found here. it's the biggest public sector textile company in Egypt and has quite twenty-seven thousand workers in this town.
Zefta is well-known for the historical rising of 1919, famous higher because of the Egyptian Revolution of 1919. this is often once Brits rulers drove out Saad Zaghoul's authority and different Egyptian revolutionary leaders of the Wafd Party. These revolutionaries were pushed out of Egypt and exiled to Malta. The folks of Zefta were united beneath the leadership of Youssef El Guindi and revolted against Brit rule. They declared themselves freelance and fashioned the Zefta Republic. Ultimately, this revolution junction rectified the independence of Egypt as an entire and therefore the formation of the Republic of Egypt in 1922, though full sovereignty was solely obtained when another revolution in 1952.
Zeta is additionally well-known being the birthplace of the celebrated draftsman Kimon Evan pitched battle and therefore the illustrious person Mostafa Kamal Tolba World Health Organization was the previous Director of international organization surroundings Programme (UNEP) for seventeen years. The celebrated Egyptian-American man of science Mostafa A. El-Sayed was additionally born in Zeta. El-Sayed is known for locating the El-Sayed decree chemical analysis and his different vital analyses within the field of nanophysics.