Darb al arbain | darb el-arbain caravan route



Darb al Arbain was a long road between central Egypt and Sudan between north-south. Gold, ivory, spices, wheat, animals and plants have been transported and transported since the ancient Kingdom of Egypt.


AL-ARBAIN started in Asyut went through Kharga, leapfrogged between the oasis of Bir Kiseiba, al-Shabab, and Selima, and ended its run somewhere in Darfur. From the medieval period onwards, it was one of the main conduits through which luxury goods and slaves entered Egypt from the south. It remains doubtful that its entire length was traveled in the Roman period, no firm evidence has surfaced at roadside sites south of Kharga.


The main link between Darfur and Egypt was a desert route known as darb al-Urbain or the Forty Days Road. Beginning in the Darfur commercial center of Kobbei, it stretched north 1,117 miles through the oases of the Sahara to join the Nile just below the Egyptian town of Asyüt, and from there it proceeded directly to Cairo. Allegedly a fast courier could cover the distance in 12 days, though a caravan of several hundred camels and a thousand slaves might take anywhere from 45 to 90 days to complete the journey. Effective control of darb al arba'in necessitated the cooperation-willing or otherwise-of the Bedouin tribes whose territory the route passed through.


 The size of caravans traversing darb al- arba'in varied considerably. Caravans of anywhere 2,000 to 24,000 camels were noted in the late- eighteenth century, though most were by the smaller end of this spectrum. The sheer difficulty of the route accounted for its importance since, unlike the riverine routes, it generally was free of banditry Slaves.


 Sudanese merchants of the Nubian diaspora began to monopolize trade in slaves and ivory. Slave trading continued sporadically thereafter but dwindled in the tace of new political and economic conditions in Sudan.

Bring your family or your friends and travel onboard one of our amazing Nile river cruise tours and enjoy the warmth of Egypt during the Christmas tours or during the Easter 2022. Explore all the options our beautiful country has to offer and choose from a wide variety of Egypt travel packages, or book your own hotels and our team will help you to enjoy any city through professionally tailor-made Egypt day tours, if you begin from the capital of Egypt our Cairo day tours will cover all the activities you wish to do starting by the only wonder from the seven man-made wonders which is Giza pyramids and also all the precious items within the two floors of the Egyptian museum located in El Tahrir square the famous square where the revolution took place. And if you want to feel like camping on the moon we offer the white desert tours. Or experience one of our Luxor day trips and Aswan day trips.