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June 30 revolution Egypt

  • 05 16, 2023

June 30 revolution Egypt

10 reasons for the June 30 Revolution, most notably the "Brotherhood of the State"

Millions of Egyptians went out in a "popular uprising" on June 30, 2013, in the various fields and governorates of Egypt, expressing their anger at the Brotherhood's rule.

Cheers rose and voices demanded the departure of the ousted president, Mohamed Morsi, and the overthrow of the rule of the Supreme Leader.

The "year and three days" that Morsi and his group spent in power witnessed many events and situations in which they committed many grave mistakes against the state and its institutions, and became a threat to public peace and security in society, during which the group revealed its intentions to achieve the dream of the caliphate, and all the Brotherhood's plans aimed to control The joints of the state and its brotherhood, for the people to launch their revolution, declare their rebellion, and write a new history for Egypt on June 30, 2013.

Just as the armed forces sided with the will of the people on January 25, they supported their demands and stood by them on June 30. The following are the most important reasons that led to the June 30 revolution:
Infringement of the judiciary

This was represented in the lack of respect for the judiciary’s rulings, the fabrication of successive crises with the judiciary that began with the dismissal of the Attorney General, Morsi’s issuance of constitutional declarations affecting the judiciary and public liberties, and his supporters besieged the Constitutional Court, and the crises continued as the Brotherhood raised the slogan of purifying the judiciary and working to raise the retirement age for judges.

This was in response to the Administrative Judiciary Court's ruling to stop the decision to organize the parliamentary elections so that the crises between the judiciary and the presidency would continue, causing public anger.

Presidential pardon for terrorists

Only 19 days after assuming office, the ousted president issued a decision to pardon prisoners, which included 588 prisoners, including Palestinians, who were accused in a number of cases, most notably weapons and ammunition, a show of force, and theft without weapons, but the strangest thing that happened in the history of presidential pardon decisions,

that for the first time Once, during Morsi’s era, Egypt witnessed a decision to pardon escaped prisoners. Morsi issued amnesty decisions for 18 and then 9 of the defendants in the international Brotherhood case, led by preacher Wajdi Ghoneim,

Ibrahim Mounir, Secretary-General of the International Brotherhood, Brotherhood leader Youssef Nada and others, in addition to the prisoners. In terrorist cases and those convicted in cases affecting the national security of the country.

Threatening National Unity

The practices of the Brotherhood regime led to spreading the spirit of hatred and division among the people of the country, and Morsi failed to unite the revolutionary, civil, and political forces under the principle of participation.

Rather, he worked to give priority to the principle of domination, and sedition took place in the Church of the Khus, and for the first time, the cathedral was attacked, which claimed the lives of a number of Copts. During the funeral of their families and relatives, in addition to the failure to solve the Copts' problems of enacting special laws for building churches.

Exclusion and state brotherhood

The Brotherhood was keen to penetrate all state agencies to control them. During only 8 months of rule, Brotherhood members were appointed to various state agencies, including 8 ministers, 5 governors, and 8 in the presidency. They also succeeded in penetrating the joints of 20 ministries by appointing advisors to the ministers and media spokesmen. And heads of sectors and directors of ministerial offices, in addition to appointing 5 deputy governors, 12 district and center heads, and 13 governors’ advisors.

Nile water crisis

This crisis was the best evidence of the Brotherhood’s stupidity and mismanagement, as the issue of building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam was dealt with in a negative way and mismanagement of dialogue with political forces, as well as the scandal of broadcasting the meeting live on a matter related to the country’s national security, which contributed to a diplomatic crisis and strained relations With Ethiopia and eliminated attempts to open a dialogue with it regarding the Renaissance Dam to preserve Egypt's water rights.

The decline of foreign policy

Egyptian foreign policy has deteriorated, the prestige of the Egyptian state has been lost, and Egypt’s relations with many pivotal countries, especially in the Arab world, have declined, as Egypt’s foreign relations have been dwarfed, with the exception of relations with certain countries that support the Brotherhood’s rule in Egypt, such as Turkey and Qatar.

 

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The June 30 revolution in Egypt was characterized by mass protests and the eventual ousting of President Mohamed Morsi in 2013. The most important personality associated with this revolution is General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. He played a key role in the events of June 30 and later became the President of Egypt. General el-Sisi's leadership during this period had a significant impact on Egypt's political landscape.

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