Science in Ancient Egypt



The science of ancient Egypt is linked with the country's agricultural system. In favor of studies in astronomy, the ancient Egyptians devised a calendar to divide the calendar year into 365 days in order to regulate the cultivation of fertile land along the course of the Nile.


Science in Ancient Egypt

The need to deal with the periodic flooding of the river pushes the ancient Egyptians to study geometry, engineering, architecture, and hydraulics, in order to carry out major irrigation and river waterworks.

Another branch of knowledge particularly cared for by the ancient Egyptians is mathematics and writing to manage agricultural stocks in state warehouses and administer the payment of taxes. Egyptian writing is composed of hieroglyphs formed by ideograms and is probably one of the first forms of writing in human history.

Astronomical studies are also of particular importance. Egyptian astronomy allows you to define the first agricultural calendars and sundials to measure time, the passing of seasons. The study of the stars also performs an important cultural function since it is linked to the Egyptian religion and the cult of the dead.

From a scientific point of view, the Egyptians also boast several advances in the field of study of medicine and surgery.