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Science in Ancient Egypt

  • 05 16, 2023

Science in Ancient Egypt

The need to deal with the periodic flooding of the river pushes the ancient Egyptians to study geometry, engineering, architecture, and hydraulics, in order to carry out major irrigation and river waterworks.

Another branch of knowledge particularly cared for by the ancient Egyptians is mathematics and writing to manage agricultural stocks in state warehouses and administer the payment of taxes. Egyptian writing is composed of hieroglyphs formed by ideograms and is probably one of the first forms of writing in human history.

Astronomical studies are also of particular importance. Egyptian astronomy allows you to define the first agricultural calendars and sundials to measure time, the passing of seasons. The study of the stars also performs an important cultural function since it is linked to the Egyptian religion and the cult of the dead.

From a scientific point of view, the Egyptians also boast several advances in the field of study of medicine and surgery.


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Ancient Egypt made significant contributions to science, including advancements in mathematics, medicine, and engineering. They developed geometry for land surveying and construction, created a rudimentary understanding of medicine and surgery, and were skilled in architectural and engineering feats like building the pyramids.


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