Latest Articles

  • Rif Mountains

    Rif Mountains

    The Rif Mountains, also known as Jebel al-Rif, is a mountain range located in northern Morocco, running parallel to the Mediterranean coast. Known for its stunning natural beauty, the Rif Mountains offer breathtaking views, lush green valleys, and picturesque villages. The region is also rich in biodiversity, with a variety of plant and animal species.

  • Volubilis

    Volubilis

    Discover the ancient Roman city of Volubilis near Meknes, Morocco, a UNESCO World Heritage site with remarkably preserved ruins. Explore its well-preserved remains, including a triumphal arch and stunning mosaics. Walk through ancient streets and grand villas.

  • Essaouira

    Essaouira

    Explore the historic medina, and relax on the stunning beaches of Essaouira. This coastal city is a beloved destination for travelers seeking a blend of culture, relaxation, and natural beauty. Discover the charm of Essaouira as you wander through its winding streets,

  • Fes

    Fes

    Experience the rich traditions of Fes, indulge in delicious Moroccan cuisine, and immerse yourself in the warm hospitality of its people. Fes is a city that will enchant you with its timeless charm and captivating allure.

  • Dades Valley

    Dades Valley

    The Dades Valley captivates nature lovers and hikers with its breathtaking rock formations and dramatic landscapes. Explore this enchanting destination renowned for its stunning beauty and immerse yourself in its natural wonders.

  • Sahara Desert

    Sahara Desert

    Experience the Sahara desert adventure as you ride camels over golden dunes and spend a magical night under the stars in a traditional Berber camp. Discover the beauty of the desert, immerse yourself in Berber culture, and create unforgettable memories in this enchanting experience.

Astronomy in Ancient Egypt

  • 05 16, 2023

Astronomy in Ancient Egypt

For the definition of calendars, the ancient Egyptians studied, in particular, the position of the Sun and the Moon. The Egyptian calendar is made up of 360 days divided into three seasons. 

In Egypt, there are several proto-astronomic structures. For example, the megaliths of Nabta Playa (The World's First Astronomical Site) allow the ancient Egyptians to calculate the solstice when the Sun and the stars occupy a particular position concerning the stone structures.

These are monoliths arranged in a circle that allows us to measure the position of the Sun at the moment of sunrise and sunset, the zenith, the solstices, the equinoxes, etc. The circular structure of Nabta Playa dates back to the 3rd century B.C and is very similar to that of Stonehenge but is much older, about a thousand years old.

Egyptian astronomy and religion:

Egyptian astronomy also has purposes other than purely practical ones and is strongly linked to the Egyptian religion and the cult of the dead. Constellations are often portrayed in the sarcophagi and sacred scriptures of the second millennium B.C.

The ancient Egyptians also begin to note the position of the stars in the sky, grouped in the form of constellations, laying the foundations of astronomy and astronomical study.

 

Tags:
Share On Social Media:

Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

Ancient Egypt made significant contributions to astronomy. They developed a calendar based on the movements of the stars, particularly the star Sirius, which helped predict the annual flooding of the Nile River. Additionally, they observed celestial objects and their movements, which laid the foundation for later astronomical knowledge.

;

Cairo Top Tours Partners

Check out our partners

EgyptAir
Fairmont
Sonesta
the oberoi