The Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History



The eleventh family is the eleventh dynasty of the ruling families in Pharaonic Egypt and ruled from 2134 B.C. to 1991 B.C. The first date of the Middle Kingdom begins with the rule of the first ruler in Thebes, named Entef, and the second date begins with the realization of the political unity of the country, as the central authority in Egypt has united again after the long period of unrest thanks to the rulers of Thebes and their efforts, and the most important king of this era is Mentuhotep II.


Certain inscriptions on isolated stone blocks in various cities of Upper Egypt show that Sankhkara was a brisk builder of temples and chapels. A long inscription engraved on the rocks of Wadi Hammamat during his eighth year of reign reports that his steward Henu had been sent there to direct the stone quarries for the statues to be placed in the sacred buildings. Huni says he left Coptic with three thousand well-armed soldiers after a police force cleared the way of the rebels. On the way to the Red Sea, he had many wells excavated. The inscription also speaks of a fleet sent to Punt to make 'myrrh recipe' and it was precisely on the return that the work was carried out on the stone quarry. It is rather problematic to establish where Sankhkara was buried.

Next to Deir el-Bahri to the south lies the wide and elevated hill of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, and to the south of this, there is a valley more or less similar to that chosen by Menthotpe I for his own grave, although very less picturesque, where you can see the vestiges of a wide elevated road and the beginning of a sloping tunnel. According to Winlock, this tunnel was hastily enlarged to form a burial chamber and then walled up. It is however probable that Sankhkara was buried in those areas because, high on the cliffs that dominate the two valleys, the graffiti of the priests assigned to the funeral cult of the two Menthotpe remained.

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