The Fifth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History



The 4th dynasty was followed by the 5th dynasty and it is composed of 9 kings who ruled Egypt from 2465 till 2323 B.C. Discover more about the fifth dynasty of ancient Egypt history with Cairo Top Tours!


The explanation of the origins of the 5th dynasty of Egypt given in the Westcar Papyrus can be contrasted with contemporary evidence of the reigns of King Sahure and Neferirkara. In his mastaba of Giza, Queen Khentkawes is identified by a title single "mother of two kings of Upper and Lower Egypt." This same title appears in his pyramid (recently discovered by Czech archaeologists), located near the Neferirkara pyramid in Abusir.

During Egypt's 5th dynasty, the Neferirkara Pyramid has provided the most important group of administrative papyri in the old kingdom. These documents scatter light on the day-to-day running of a pyramid complex and include detailed records of the products delivered, lists of priests on duty, inventories of temple equipment, and letters. However, the pyramid complex was left unfinished, and its valley temple was later incorporated by King Niuserre (6th king of this dynasty) into his own burial complex.

There were no major contradictions between the needs of the world of the gods and the dead and the needs of the living in the 5th dynasty of Egypt. It is possible to imagine without problems a system in which most of the national product was dedicated, in theory, to cover the needs of the deceased sovereigns, their solar temples and the sanctuaries of the local gods; but which, in reality, was intended to support the majority of the Egyptian population.

During the 5th dynasty, there was an increase in the number of priests and officials who were able to build tombs thanks to their own efforts. Some of these mastabas are among the largest and best decorated in the Old Kingdom, as in the case of the tombs of Ti ( Saqqara ) and Ptahshepses ( Abusir ), both probably from the reign of Niuserre. Many of them are located in provincial cemeteries rather than in the environment of the royal pyramids. Surely, this relaxation of dependence on royal favor was
accompanied by a corresponding variety in the form and artistic quality of the statues and reliefs.

Kings f the 5th dynasty: 2465–2323 B.C.

  • Userkaf        2465–2458 B.C.
  • Sahure         2458–2446 B.C.
  • Neferirkare  2446–2438 B.C.
  • Shepseskare 2438–2431 B.C.
  • Neferefre     2431–2420 B.C.
  • Niuserre      2420–2389 B.C.
  • Menkauhor  2389–2381 B.C.
  • Isesi             2381–2353 B.C.
  • Unis             2353–2323 B.C.

If you're planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. You can enjoy one of the Classic tours in Egypt, that all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most of Cairo day trips, Luxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, that is why our travel information section is meant to useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley.

Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo Day tours like:

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

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- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

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Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

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Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

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Tour to Giza Pyramids Meidum and Saqqara from Cairo.

Tour to Giza Pyramids Memphis and Meidum from Cairo.

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- Egypt classic tours | Classic Packages to Egypt.

- 8 Days Cairo and the Nile Cruise by Air | Travel Packages in Egypt.

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Egypt Christmas tours 2020\2021 | The best Egypt new year tours (Christmas packages).

- 9 days Cairo and Xmas Nile Cruise by Train | Egypt Christmas Holidays 2020\2021.

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New Year in Egypt 2020\2021 Holidays and Nile Cruise | Egypt Christmas Holidays.

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Movenpick MS Royal Lily Christmas Nile Cruise.

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- Egypt Easter Tours 2021 | Easter Tours in Egypt | Egypt Travel during Easter.

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