The Valley Temple of King Chephren
After Khufu's death his son Djedfre ruled the countries only for 8 years and constructed his pyramid at Abu Rawash about 5 miles north of the Giza plateau then his second reigning son king Khafre was able to succeed his brother Djedefre in 2570 B.C on the throne, Khafre was the 4th Pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, also the son of Pharaoh Khufu.
Chephren | King Khafra
He returned to Giza and built another pyramid, which is one of the main attractions and things to do in Cairo, unfortunately for him overshadowed by the work of his father you can check it out through the Cairo Stopover Tour, the second pyramid in Giza is built for Chephren whose mother’s name is debatable, as some scholars believe him to be the son of Queen Meritites I, while some claim that his mother was Queen Henutsen, as both were the half-sisters and wives of Khufu.
Khafre married several women, but among them, only the names of four are known now, from several inscriptions of various tombs. He fathered 12 sons and 3 daughters, among them the most famous had been his successor Menkaure. He ruled Egypt for 26 years, although there are several opinions about the dates and duration of his reign.
Khafre built his pyramid complex southwest of his father`s Khufu, it took them twenty continuous years for the building which is made out of Tura limestone blocks and built over a vast base that is 215 meters in length. Its slopes were much steeper than that of the Pyramid of Khufu. The lower part of the casing stones was made of pink granite and arranged in a unique continuation of one after another instead of a straight line. The whole pyramid complex consists of a mortuary temple, a valley temple, a satellite pyramid, and a sphinx, along with the main pyramidal structure which you can Discover by Egypt Day Tours.
It is the second-highest pyramid built in ancient Egypt also The pyramid appears to be higher than the Pyramid of Khufu because of the higher bedrock it's built on in the same way as those of the other Kings and Pharaohs of Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty. It was brought into the limelight of the modern world in the early 19th century by the famous Italian explorer Giovanni Belzoni, but unfortunately, the pyramid was found to be empty of the mummy of Khafre and many of the stone casings also seem to have been robbed away much earlier, probably during the reign of the Pharaohs of later dynasties
Cairo Day Tours helps you to discover The Valley Temple of Khafra was made in an organized way and it was comprised of an entrance hall, an open courtyard with some large pillars, five niches off the second chamber of the temple where probably the statues of the Pharaoh were placed, five storerooms behind these five niches and finally an innermost sanctuary that contained a pair of stelae or upright rocks with written inscriptions on them and a false door through which the dead Pharaoh was believed to enter from the burial chamber to collect the offerings given to him.
The front side of this temple was made of large limestone blocks, which were covered by a layer of finer limestone. The roofs of the entrance hall and the second rectangular hall were supported by thick and sturdy pillars. There were supposedly 12 statues of Khafre in the courtyard, some of whom might be seized by the kings of the later dynasties. Five boat pits are found before this mortuary temple dug out of the rock base, which contained the boats that brought the mortal remains of the Pharaoh to preserve as a mummy in the pyramid as Tours in Cairo may assist you to know more about all. Without worrying about how to understand the key terms of Egyptian history, we will see an Egyptologist guide, who will answer your expectations.
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