The New Kingdom includes the Dynasties 18 to 20 (1570-1070 B.C). This stage was a moment of splendor, thanks to the work of the Theban rulers of the 18th dynasty to strengthen the State, oust the Hyksos, reestablish international relations and reopen trade routes, also starting time of conquest abroad. Discover more details about this epoch with Cairo Top Tours!
The capital was established in Thebes, in the south, and the restoration of the unity of Upper and Lower Egypt, lost during part of the Second Intermediate Period, was carried out. From the beginning, there was a great activity to restructure the country, which produced great prosperity, reflected in the construction of numerous monuments.
This period is characterized by the great importance of women and their role in succession problems. For the first time, a woman is named Pharaoh with all the male titles: Hatshepsut, and also another queen, Nefertari, is represented in family scenes, on an equal footing, as is Queen Tiyi, with her husband Amenhotep III and mother of Amenhotep IV who later became Akhenaten.
The international situation at the moment consisted of the Egyptian territory over the Canaanite cities. In Assyria, the last kings of the Old Kingdom and those of the Middle Kingdom reigned and the house domination occurs in Babylon, also agreeing with the fall of the Mycenaean kingdoms in Greece and the Exodus from Israel only existing in Egyptian sources.
The study of the eighteenth dynasty is usually divided into three stages that comprise first the first kings: From the time of King Ahmose who defeated the Hyksos, Thutmose and the story of the most powerful woman in history, Hatshepsut, and the liberation to Amenophis IV with his famous rebellion and transformation of the capital to Amarna city with the new religion forced by him to worship Aton instead of the traditional sun cult of Amun Ra. Not forgetting the restoration of the old cult under his son, King Tutankhamun.
The 19th dynasty begins with Ramses I (1293-1291), sovereign from Tanis (Delta). The reign of Ramses I was peaceful. The work of his predecessor, Horemheb, paid off in his fight against the Hittites, and his good administration was noticed in the following years, managing to reorganize the Kingdom. Since he had no male heir, he passed the power on to another soldier who was a warrior ruler. But the most powerful king during this dynasty is Ramses II.
The Hittites were defeated by Ramses II who make a great contribution along with his reign in the architecture by erecting Abu Simbel temples which are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel, a village in Nubia, Upper Egypt, near the borders with Sudan.
Actually, there's a lot to talk about during the new kingdom epoch, but you can browse our list of dividing the history of Egypt into kingdoms interrupted with intermediate periods and classified in 30 dynasties.
Kings of the New Kingdom: 1550–1070 B.C.
The 18th dynasty: 1550–1295 B.C.
The 19th dynasty: 1295–1186 B.C.
The 20th dynasty: 1186–1070 B.C.