The Nineteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt



Ramses I, the pharaoh with whom the 19th dynasty was inaugurated, had been in the service of Horemheb under which he held the position of the vizier, and these, long before he died, had designated him his successor in order to solve the usual problems connected to the succession.


The era of the kings of the Nineteenth Dynasty was the beginning of a new era in the history of the Egyptian nation from the political and religious sides, as was the era of prosperity and internal reform in terms of administration and architecture. He regained some of her political standings by subjecting the Nubian lands to Egyptian rule again, and with the victories, he won over the people of the Bedouins and "Khita" who had raided Egypt's properties in Syria and Palestine,

 This is because he strengthened the pillars of peace in the interior of the country by enacting laws that later became an example of proverbs. Unfortunately, this great monarch was unable to regain to the country its original position in Asia, and this was left to his successors after him, but he did not punish those who inherit The king is one of his descendants, and one of his leaders succeeds him.

In fact, what we have from the historical sources on the inheritance of the throne after a "loving horror" was surrounded by a thick veil of mystery and ambiguity, especially when we know that what has come to us through the ancient writers from the Greek historians contradicts the deductions that remain from us from this era; Therefore, the historian intercepts, when he addresses the nineteenth family history lesson, two issues: First: Who is the first king of this family? And the second: to what house is this property attributed, and with what right is it equal to the throne of Egypt?

The answer to the first question is limited to two opinions. The first of them is that some historians, including Professor “Prestead”, think that this family begins with the pharaoh “a loving lover”. The second opinion: What other historians claim, including Professor "Edward Mir", and Professor "Flinders Petri" that "Pop loving" was the last king of the eighteenth family, and that the first king of the nineteenth family is the pharaoh "Ramses the first", and this The last opinion is likely we have followed. However, the traditions that have been conveyed to us are conveyed to us by the Book of the Greeks, and others do not agree with this view.

Indeed, what came in the "Maniton" list, and what was mentioned in the abbreviation "Africanus", and the acronym "Josep" seems anxious at this point, in addition to all this, that "Josephus" the Jewish historian starts the Nineteenth Dynasty of King Seti the First. There is no dispute that if we look at this issue from the historical point of view, it has naturally emerged to us that the "loving poplar" must be the boundary between the eighteenth and nineteenth families, as the unquestionable truth is that the male offspring in the kings of the eighteenth Dynasty had His rope was cut off by the death of the young king, "Tutankhamen", as he spent without following a male, and for that reason, he succeeded him on the throne of the pharaoh king the most powerful man in the country at the time, and his ascension to the throne of the king strengthened his marriage to the widow of "Tutankhamen." "Ay" succeeded the leader, "Hur-Moheb," who is without conflict the first precursor to the construction of the property of the nineteenth family, because of the great reforms he undertook, which were aimed at removing Egypt from its stumbling block, reviving it from its rest, and reviving it from the repression that Akhenaten brought upon it. Bad policy inside and outside the country. It seems that “a loving lover” was spent without leaving a successor to the throne; what he had done before his death indicates that he was feeling that he had prepared the affairs for his minister and commander of his army named “Baramssis” to succeed him on the country’s couch according to a policy previously planned, and then succeeded « Rameses, "this, in turn, is his son," Seti the First, "and then the king punished his successors from his back for a century and a half. And from some historians, "Ramses the first" at the head of the kings of the nineteenth family, and we took this opinion because apparently it is the right opinion.

As for the answer to the second issue, which is the house to which the kings of this family are attributed, we find the answer to it has been found in the board of the four-hundred-year-old found in "Tanis", in addition to that the names of the members of the new royal family have installed a mixture with the name of the god «six Which was worshiped in "Storett", which is the sixteenth district of Lower Egypt, which indicates that his family grew from this side.

As for the legitimacy of the accession of "Ramses the First" to the throne of Egypt, we do not yet have conclusive contemporary proofs affirming this right to us, and all we have in this regard are some logical possibilities that the mind accepts, and the inscriptions are greatly reinforced, and we will review them here for the reader to judge them with their historical status.

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