Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, Egyptian military officer, was born on November 19, 1954, in Cairo, Egypt. He became Egypt's de facto leader in July 2013, after the country's military expelled President Hosni Mubarak. In May 2014, he was elected president for the first time, and in March 2018, he was re-elected for a second term.
Mr. Sisi the current president
Abdel Fattah al-Sisi born on November 19, 1954, in Cairo, Egypt, Egyptian military officer who became Egypt’s de facto leader in July 2013, after the country’s military removed Pres. Mohammed Morsi from power following mass protests against his rule. Sisi was elected president in May 2014 and elected to a second term in March 2018.
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sisi graduated from the Egyptian Military Academy in 1977, and served in the infantry. He never saw war, but he advanced through the ranks to command a mechanized infantry division and then served as the commander of Egypt’s northern military region.
In 2010, he was appointed to the post of director of military intelligence. Following the ouster of Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak after an uprising in January and February 2011, Sisi was the youngest member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), a body of senior military officers that took over the governing of Egypt.
He was elevated to the positions of defense minister and commander of the armed forces in August 2012 when Morsi, embroiled in a power struggle with the military.
June 30 Revolution
Sisi took center stage in Egyptian politics in the summer of 2013.
After a protest movement dubbed Tamarrud (“Rebellion”) emerged demanding that Morsi be removed. Demonstrations against Morsi had reached a size, not seen since the ouster of Mubarak in February 2011, On June 30, some demonstrators chanted to oust Morsi in a like manner.
On July 1 Sisi issued an ultimatum to Morsi to resolve the crisis within 48 hours or face military intervention
Morsi offered some negotiations but refused to step down.
On July 3 the military deposed him and put him under arrest. A figurehead president, Adly Mansour, but Sisi, wielded power. The intervention was condemned by Morsi’s supporters in the Muslim Brotherhood. Sisi countered that the military had carried out the will of the Egyptian people.
Confrontations between the Muslim Brotherhood and the military grew tense as the Muslim Brotherhood and its allies demonstrated across the country and refused to participate in the transitional process.
Meanwhile, Muslim Brotherhood leaders were arrested, and the group’s media channels were shut down. On July 8, as the Muslim Brotherhood staged a protest outside a military base, security forces opened fire and killed more than 50 people.
Facing continued opposition from the Muslim Brotherhood, Sisi called on Egyptians to rally in support of the military against “violence and terrorism. On July 26 Egyptians across the country heeded the call and took to the streets to show their support.
After that The next day nearly 100 people were killed during a rally of Muslim Brotherhood supporters. On August 14, hundreds were killed when Egyptian security forces moved to disperse sit-ins outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in Cairo, in the next few days, more than 1,000 had been killed in the crackdown.
Leadership And Presidency
All the while, Sisi found support between Egyptians, groups were formed to tout Sisi as a strong leader and should him to seek the presidency but sisi refused but in March 2014 he goes on Sisi easily defeated his only opponent, the leftist Hamdeen Sabahi.
As president: Sisi confronted attacks by Islamist militants In the Sinai Peninsula from (ISIL) in 2014. Egypt’s return to stability under Sisi.
His biggest project was an expansion of the Suez Canal.
Sisi won a second term in office in March 2018 in an election that was widely considered to be lacking in genuine competition.Sisi’s final vote total exceeded 97 percent, but voter turnout was low only 41 percent.