Also known as nectanebo, was the third and last king of the Egyptian thirty dynasty and was also the last ruler of Egypt in ancient times.
nectanebo installed the spartan king on the throne of Egypt and helped him overthrow teus and repeal other demands for the throne. after a 17years rule, he was defeated by the Persian king Ardeshir, so he fled first to Memphis, then to upper Egypt, and finally to his exile in Nubia, where he was cut off from history
with the escape of nectanebo ll, all organized resistance against the Persian invasion collapsed, and Egypt returned once again to the estate in the Persian empire. under nectanebos rule, Egypt flourished. during his reign, Egyptian artists presented a special pattern that left a distinctive mark on the Ptolemaic reliefs. like his indirect ancestor,nectanebo,
nectanebo showed enthusiasm for the many rituals of worshiping deities in ancient Egyptian religion, and more than a hundred Egyptian sites bear evidence of his interest. however,necltanebo did a lot of construction and restorations from this predecessor,nectaneboi as he proceeded in particular to build the temple of Isis (Philae).for several years nectanebo starred in keeping Egypt from the Achaemenid empire. however, with the betrayal of his former servant, Mentor of Rhodes,nectanebo I was eventually defeated by combined Persian and Greek forces at the battle of potassium(343BC).
The Persians occupied Memphis and then consolidated their control over the rest of Egypt, incorporating the country into the Achaemenid Empire. nectanebo fled south and maintained his power for some time, his fate after that remained unknown. Nectanebo II ruled Egypt for some eighteen years. During a period of quiet, while Persia suffered from its own dynastic squabbles, Nectanebo II definitely returned to the old values and stability brought by the gods. Temples were built or refurbished and there are actually more than a hundred Egyptian sites that show evidence of his attention. The king was also presented as highly pious and under the gods' protection. This is exemplified by a grand stone statue now in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. It depicts hours the falcon, wearing the double crown. Between its legs is a small figure of Nectanebo II wearing the name headers and carrying a curved harsh and a small shrine.
The narrative of Nectanebo found in the Life of Alexander, a third-century A.D. narrative of fantastical adventures rather than a historical account, is obviously based on an ancient Egyptian folktale that was turned into a brief Milesian novel.