Lake Nasser is located in southern Egypt, it is an artificial lake that was formed after the construction of the Aswan Dam on the Nile River. It is divided into two parts: one part is located in southern Egypt, in the Upper Egypt region, and the other part is located in northern Sudan and is called Lake Nuba. The water storage capacity within the lake is approximately one hundred and thirty-two cubic kilometers.
Some fifty years ago, the Egyptian government built a huge dam in Aswan to stop the Nile floods and thus protect crops. This caused the water level to rise to the south, flooding everything in its path. And that was how the desert was filled with water and Lake Nasser was born, an immense extension that today serves as the border between Egypt and Sudan. Its more than 5,000 km2 making it the largest artificial lake in the world, also being known as the Nubian Sea.
Anyone can simply be amazed at the unusual beauty of this immense calm sea, with hardly any waves and surrounded by natural horizons. It is a unique place on the planet because the desert, flooded by the rising Nile, will literally die in the waters of the lake. And the result is a fascinating landscape.
Lake Nasser is one of the largest human-made lakes in the world built between 1960 and 1970 and its name honors the Egyptian revolutionary leader Gamal Abdel Nasser. The lake is among the beautiful land of the Nubians who still stick to their ancient traditions throughout the history of Egypt. During the Pharaonic era, Nubia had been one of the most powerful kingdoms in all of Africa, and the most powerful kings of ancient Egypt actually were from Nubia, and many of its customs were adopted by the ancient Egyptians. But of that splendor today there are hardly any archaeological remains and a minority town that survives with difficulty between southern Egypt and northern Sudan.
The arrival of the Arabs in Egypt contributed to the loss of identity of the Nubians and the majority converted to Islam. But fortunately, many continue to struggle to keep their traditions alive and retain their original language.
The construction of the Aswan High Dam also had a very negative impact on the monumental heritage, as it marked the end for dozens of temples that disappeared forever underwater. Fortunately, UNESCO launched an operation that saved 14 temples, including the fabulous site of Abu Simbel, which were cut block by block and rebuilt in higher areas, and even the Ptolemaic Temple of Philae have been moved to the Agilika Island to be saved from the Nile flood.