Mausoleum of Shajarat EL-Dor | Shajarat EL-Dor Tomb



Shajar al-Durr was forced to marry the Mamluk prince Izz al-Din Aybak and relinquish her position to him as a result of the objection to the fact that the ruler was a woman. A few years later, in 655 AH / 1267 AD, Shajar al-Durr orchestrated the assassination of Izz al-Din Aybak after feeling threatened by his plan to marry the daughter of the Abbasid Caliph, and she was killed in turn by order of Aybak's first wife. Shajar al-Durr's body was thrown from the top of the castle, and three days later she was buried in her mausoleum.


This small mausoleum was built by Shajar al-Durr, the sultana who ruled Egypt for eighty days in 648 AH / 1250 AD after the death of her husband, Sultan Salih Najm al-Din, the last of the Ayyubid sultans. During her short reign, Shajar al-Dur built a mausoleum for al-Salih near his school in Bain al-Kasserine, as well as her soil complex in the cemetery of Sayyida Nafisa. You may have chosen this site due to its proximity to many of the tombs of the women of the Al-Bayt family, as it is located near the tombs of Mrs. Atika, Mrs. Ruqayya, and Mrs. Sakina. Its dome is a small building, originally part of a larger complex that included a bathroom, a house, and a school surrounded by a garden. The dome was designed in the "Fatimid-Ayyubid" style prevalent at the time, with decorative stucco beams on the facades, and tambours in the areas between the windows.

Mausoleum of Atika | Atika Tomb

Mausoleum of Atika | Atika Tomb

 

To discover more about Shajar al-Durr and much more about Egyptian history during many of our exceptional Egypt travel packages that also cover most of the history and we recommend you experience Egypt Christmas tours to see the highlights of Cairo and also get excited and learn about t ancient Egyptian architecture through our Egypt Nile cruise tours and especially in April to enjoy the mild temperatures when you book Egypt Easter tours.

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It is a small vaulted room with three entrances on three different sides. Originally, the northwest entrance was preceded by a portico, as is the case in the mausoleum of Sayyida Ruqayya. The school was located next to the shrine, while the house and the bathroom occupied the area between this shrine and the tomb of Mrs. Sakina.

Fatimid scripture tape
The dome from the inside has a wooden basement on all four sides at a height of about 3.2 meters from the ground. It is most likely that this veil was taken from a Fatimid building and was reused here. The Qur'anic text is engraved in Kufic script inside cartouches that alternate with lobed bezels.

stucco decoration
The three entrances and the mihrab are crowned with four ornate stucco vaults.

colorful decorations
The transitional area at the bottom of the dome is adorned with a group of bowls and floral and geometric motifs, similar only to the decorations in the dome of the Abbasid Caliphs adjacent to the Sayyida Nafisa Mosque. The decorations surrounding the base of the Shajar al-Durr dome are very unique and contain drawings of lotus flowers extending from the steamer bowls. The Athar Lina initiative exposed and restored the decorations in 2014.

glass mosaic
One of the highlights of the shrine is the glass mosaic crowning the mihrab. Mosaic reliefs depict a tree blooming with pearls on a golden background. While this type of mosaic decoration is common in Syria, this mihrab represents the oldest known example in Cairo, which can be interpreted as a pictorial representation of the name Shajar al-Durr.

The dome through the ages
During the Ottoman era, the dome was known by the name of Muhammad al-Khalifa, who is said to be one of the Abbasid caliphs in Cairo who was buried there. That mosque was demolished in 1917 and the new, detached mosque established by the Committee for the Conservation of Arab Antiquities as a replacement was not completed.

the mausoleum and many more Islamic architectures can be discovered through one of Egypt's Luxury tours that allows you to stay at the most outstanding hotels and Nile cruises or if you are traveling with a small amount of money and would like to save your time and expenses you can check our wide variety of Egypt cheap budget tours packages, if you have been on an accident and suffer from a physical injury don't ever worry because our professional operators customized a collection of Egypt wheelchair accessible tours packages that use all the accessible vehicles and different facilities for disabled people which is one of the main categories of our Egypt classic tours.

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