The Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, one of the largest mosques in the world, was built in the middle of the fourteenth century and features some impressive architectural feats for its time.
Sultan Hassan Complex is one combined with the extent of the building, and the variety of the decoration, so it deserved to be described as the pride of ancient Islamic Art among Islamic Cairo buildings. It's said about the Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hasan by "Gomar" in a book describing Egypt. This makes it an important destination in Egypt tours as it clarifies the Egyptian great Islamic history of Sultan Hassan Mosque & Madrasa (Masjid al-Sultan Hasan Cairo).
One of the nearest and famous attractions near Sultan Hassan Complex is Al Rifai Mosque also known as The Royal Mosque.
Al Rifai Mosque
It is one of the most beautiful buildings in Cairo because of its high dome, the height of its minaret, its width, and the luxury and its decoration. Al-Maqrizi described it as one of the Muslim temples that are not known in Islam this imitates the mosque but it really deserves to be a part of your Cairo day tours. The greatest structure in Islamic Cairo in addition to the tallest door especially between all of the Mosques and schools made it a unique place and of the most unique things to do in Cairo. The complex consists of Musque, school, and overnight stays for students and teachers. It has four schools for teaching the four Sunni rites. The Mosque of Sultan Hassan is a lovely place to visit during your Egypt day tours any time and among things to do in Cairo or maybe in the whole world and especially in Islamic Cairo. Its walls rise to 36m high and its tallest minaret is 68m. A dark low-ceilinged passageway leads you to the warm shimmering courtyard with the shape of a cruciform. The center of the courtyard was on a domed ablutions fountain, which was probably an Ottoman addition. Gliding on four sides of the patio is round iwans (sitting rooms), maintained by hanging lamp chains and red-and-black rims.
The mosque and many other architectural achievements of the Muslims in Cairo can be done during one of Egypt Luxury tours that allows you to stay at the most outstanding hotels and Nile cruises or if you are traveling with a small amount of money and would like to save your time and expenses you can check our wide variety of Egypt cheap budget tours packages, if you have been on an accident and suffer from a physical injury don't ever worry because our professional operators customized a collection of Egypt wheelchair accessible tours packages that use all the accessible vehicles and different facilities for disabled people which is one of the main categories of our Egypt classic tours.
The famous Mamluk Sultan Hassan who founded our mosque is the son of the great Mamluk Sultan Al-Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawoun. He ruled two interrupted reigns, the first time in 1347. When he was 13 years old, he was overthrown by the other Mamluk princes and generals. The second time was in 1356 A.D., and before he had time to put an end to the power of the princes and high officials, they made a revolution against him. It said that he escaped from the Citadel of Salah Eldin but he was found and imprisoned, never to be seen again. Maybe he was killed 16 years after his elevation to the throne. He left 10 sons and 6 daughters behind.
The mosque was built on the system of schools each school is considered to be a small mosque, and each of them is dedicated to teaching one of the four Islamic schools, Shafii, Maliki, Hanbali, and Hanafi, the largest of these Hanafi schools. He appointed a teacher to regard the Quran and with him thirty students. He also appointed a teacher for the hadith of the Prophet, and he was assigned a salary of 300 dirhams. Sultan Hassan Complex is a religious destination that should be added to your Egypt travel packages.
Mamluk's style of architectural planning is distinguished from the qibla iwan which is the largest of the 4 iwans inside the Mosque. It is made out of marble and known as the bench of the repeater, located in front of the qibla iwan (Dekkat Al-Mouballegh), raised above 8 pillars and 3 piers. Behind the mihrab, there are 2 doors opened in the Quibla wall leading to a mausoleum dome where the Sultan is supposed to be buried. The Mausoleum roof is 21 square meters and its decoration is similar to that of the qibla iwan. Its luxurious architecture, exterior, and interior designs force you to add it to Egypt luxury tours in Cairo.