Sultan Hassan Complex



The Sultan Hassan Mosque was an Islamic madrasah or school in its origins. Later, it became one of the largest, most important and most beautiful mosques in the Islamic world. However, it was not always so well considered, since during its construction a minaret collapsed and killed more than three thousand people, which was considered a bad omen. Discover more about the historical mosque with Cairo Top Tours!


Sultan Hassan Complex combined the magnitude of the building, the accuracy of the industry, and the diversity of the decoration, so it deserved to be described as an architectural masterpiece and pride of ancient Islamic Art. It's said about the monumental mosque by "Gomar" in a book describing Egypt: "It is one of the most beautiful buildings of Cairo and Islam, because of its high dome, the height of its minaret, the bone of its breadth and the luxury and abundance of its decoration. Al-Maqrizi described it as "one of the Muslim temples is not known in Islam This imitates the mosque. "

The greatest edifice in Islamic Cairo in addition to the tallest door especially between all of the Mosques and schools. the complex consists of Musque, school, and overnight stay for students and teachers, it has four schools for teaching the four Sunni rites,

Mosque of Sultan Hassan is counted as one of the most comprehensive mosques things to do in Cairo or maybe in the entire world and especially in Islamic Cairo, measuring 150m in length and covering an area of 7,906 sq m. Its walls rise to 36m high and its tallest minaret is 68m. Visitors can enter the complex through a tall portal that is a work of exceptional art. A dark and relatively low-ceilinged passageway leads to the brightly shine, a standard cruciform-plan open courtyard. The centers of the courtyard on a domed ablutions fountain, which was probably an Ottoman addition. Soaring on four sides of the patio are round iwans (sitting rooms), maintained by hanging lamp chains and red-and-black rims. The famous Mamluk Sultan Hassan who founded (The Mosque of Sultan Hassan), is the son of the great Mamluk Sultan Al-Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawoun. He ruled two interrupted reigns, the first time in 1347, when he was 13 years old, to be dethroned by the other Mamluk princes and generals. The second time was in 1356A.D, and before he had time to put an end to the power of the princes and high officials, they made a revolution against him. It said that he escaped from the Citadel of Salah Eldin but he was found and imprisoned, never to be seen again. Most seemingly he was killed 16 years after his ascension to the throne. He left 10 sons and 6 daughters behind.

The mosque was built on the system of schools with orthogonal planning, and each school is considered a small mosque, and each of them is dedicated to teaching one of the four Islamic schools, “Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali, and Hanafi”, the largest of these Hanafi schools. Twenty applicants and three teaching assistants, and each of them was assigned a salary according to their job. He appointed a teacher to interpret the Qur’an and with him thirty students. He also appointed a teacher for the hadith of the Prophet, and he was allocated a salary of 300 dirhams.

As typical in the Mamluk style of architecture planning, the qibla iwan is the largest of the 4 iwans inside the Mosque. Which is made out of marble and known as the bench of the repeater, located in front of the qibla iwan is (Dekkat Al-Mouballegh), raised above 8 pillars and 3 piers. Behind the mihrab, there are 2 doors opened in the Quibla wall leading to a mausoleum dome where the Sultan is rumored to be buried. The Mausoleum roof is 21 square meters and its decoration is similar to that of the qibla iwan.

Near to Mosque of Sultan Hassan you can visit :

Explore the Islamic Cairo Tour if you are planning any tours to Egypt or from our varieties of tours from Cairo.

 

Cairo Day Tours and Egypt Travel Packages Including Sultan Hassan Complex and many other architectural marvels that Egypt has to offer:

Pyramids, Nile Cruise & Sharm El Sheikh

Tour to Giza pyramids, the Egyptian Museum, Old Cairo and Khan El Khalili

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport

Half-Day Tour to Egyptian Museum

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break | Cairo city break.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and Bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- Pharaonic Village tour in Cairo.

- Day tour to Tanis, Bubastis and the Suez Canal from Cairo.

- Two days trip to El Minya from Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.

- Tanoura dance show in Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.