Sultan Hassan Mosque is one of the most important and famous ancient mosques in Islamic Cairo, it is considered as the fourth pyramid. This mosque was distinguished by a special character among the Islamic monuments in Egypt, which made it a major tourist attraction.
Sultan Hassan Complex is one combined the extent of the building, the accuracy of the industry, and the variety of the decoration, so it deserved to be described as an architectural masterpiece and pride of ancient Islamic Art. It's said about the monumental mosque by "Gomar" in a book describing Egypt .
It is one of the most beautiful buildings of Cairo because of its high dome, the height of its minaret, its width and the luxury and of its decoration. Al-Maqrizi described it as "one of the Muslim temples is not known in Islam This imitates the mosque.
The greatest structure in Islamic Cairo in addition to the tallest door especially between all of the Mosques and schools made it very unique place. The complex consists of Musque, school, and overnight stay for students and teachers, it has four schools for teaching the four Sunni rites.
Mosque of Sultan Hassan is a lovely place to visit any time and among things to do in Cairo or maybe in the whole world and especially in Islamic Cairo . Its walls rise to 36m high and its tallest minaret is 68m. A dark low-ceilinged passageway leads you to the warmly shimmer courtyard that has the shape of acruciform . The centers of the courtyard on a domed ablutions fountain, which was probably an Ottoman addition. Gliding on four sides of the patio are round iwans (sitting rooms), maintained by hanging lamp chains and red-and-black rims.
The famous Mamluk Sultan Hassan who founded our mosque is the son of the great Mamluk Sultan Al-Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawoun. He ruled two interrupted reigns, the first time in 1347, when he was 13 years old, to be overthrowned by the other Mamluk princes and generals. The second time was in 1356A.D, and before he had time to put an end to the power of the princes and high officials, they made a revolution against him. It said that he escaped from the Citadel of Salah Eldin but he was found and imprisoned, never to be seen again. May be he was killed 16 years after his elevation to the throne. He left 10 sons and 6 daughters behind.
The mosque was built on the system of schools each school considered to be a small mosque, and each of them is dedicated to teaching one of the four Islamic schools, “Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali, and Hanafi”, the largest of these Hanafi schools. He appointed a teacher to regard the Qur’an and with him thirty students. He also appointed a teacher for the hadith of the Prophet, and he was assigned a salary of 300 dirhams.
Mamluk style of architecture planning is distingished the qibla iwan that is the largest of the 4 iwans inside the Mosque. Which is made out of marble and known as the bench of the repeater, located in front of the qibla iwan is (Dekkat Al-Mouballegh), raised above 8 pillars and 3 piers. Behind the mihrab, there are 2 doors opened in the Quibla wall leading to a mausoleum dome where the Sultan is supposed to be buried. The Mausoleum roof is 21 square meters and its decoration is similar to that of the qibla iwan.
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Near to Mosque of Sultan Hassan you can visit :