Behira also spelled Beheira or Beheira Governorate, is a governorate (province) in northern Egypt. It is situated in the Nile Delta region, along the Mediterranean Sea coast. The capital of Beheira Governorate is the city of Damanhur.
Beheira Governorate is known for several aspects:
Agriculture: The governorate is characterized by its fertile agricultural land, which is part of the Nile Delta. It is known for the cultivation of a variety of crops, including rice, cotton, wheat, and citrus fruits. The region's agriculture plays a vital role in Egypt's food production.
Delta Location: Beheira is located in the heart of the Nile Delta, a region formed by the extensive network of distributaries of the Nile River as it flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The Delta is known for its biodiversity and is crucial for Egypt's agriculture.
Historical Sites: The governorate is home to several historical sites, including archaeological remnants from various periods of Egyptian history. Notable sites include ruins from the Graeco-Roman period and other ancient civilizations.
Damanhur: Damanhur, the capital city of Beheira, is one of the largest and most significant cities in the governorate. It has a mix of modern and historical elements and serves as an administrative and economic center.
Economic Activities: Beheira Governorate is involved in various economic activities, including manufacturing, fishing, and trade, due to its coastal location. The city of Rosetta (Rashid) in Beheira was historically an important Mediterranean trading port.
Cultural Diversity: Like many regions in Egypt, Beheira Governorate has a diverse population, and its culture reflects a blend of Egyptian and Mediterranean influences.
Transportation Hub: The governorate's strategic location makes it an important transportation hub, with roads and highways connecting it to other major cities in Egypt. It also has ports along the Mediterranean Sea.
Tourism: While not as well-known for tourism as some other Egyptian regions, Beheira does have some historical and natural attractions that draw visitors interested in exploring Egypt's lesser-known areas.