Alexandria has always been known as the Mermaid of the Mediterranean. It is the second metropolitan city in Egypt after Cairo and most regarded as the second capital after it had been its only capital in the past.Overlying the Mediterranean Sea, Alexandria was called after Alexander the Great, who built it in 331 B.C., to become the Hellenic Roman Capital of Egypt and a world center of culture and civilization.
Alexandria Governorate Egypt
Alexandria may be a Mediterranean port town in Egypt. based in c. 331 BC by Alexander the good, Alexandria grew apace and has become a serious centre of Hellenic civilization, eventually commutation Memphis, in contemporary larger Cairo, as Egypt's capital.
throughout the Hellenistic amount, it absolutely was home to the beacon of Alexandria that was hierarchal among the Seven Wonders of the traditional World, furthermore because of the storied Library of Alexandria.
Today, the library is reincarnated within the disc-shaped, modern library, Alexandrina. Its 15th-century waterfront Qaitbay stronghold is currently a depository. referred to as the "Bride of the Mediterranean" by locals, Alexandria may be a standard tourer destination and a crucial industrial centre thanks to its fossil fuel and oil pipelines from the city.
Alexandria Governorate History
The city extends forty metric linear units (25 mi) on the northern coast of Egypt and is the largest town on the Mediterranean, the second-largest in Egypt (after Cairo), the fourth-largest town within the Arab world, the ninth-largest town in Africa, the ninth-largest geographic region in Africa, and therefore the 79th-largest geographic region by population on Earth.
The city was based originally within the neighbourhood of AN Egyptian settlement named Rhacotis (which became the Egyptian quarter of the city).
It maintained this standing for pretty much a millennium, through the amount of Roman and Roman rule till the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, once a replacement capital was based at Fustat.
Alexandria was best acknowledged for the Pharos of Alexandria (Pharos), one in all the Seven Wonders of the traditional World; its nice Library, the biggest in the ancient world; and also the land site, one in all the Seven Wonders of the centre Ages. Alexandria was the intellectual and cultural centre of the traditional Mediterranean for the abundance of the Hellenistical age and late antiquity.
it absolutely was at only once the biggest town in the ancient world before being eventually overtaken by Rome. the town has Hellenic landmarks, old-world cafes, and sandy beaches.
The city was a significant centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the key centres of Christianity within the Roman Empire. In modern times, the Coptic Orthodox Catholic Church and also the Catholic Church Church of Alexandria each insistence on the present ancient heritage.
By the time of the Arab conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, the town had already been for the most part looted and lost its significance before re-emerging within the era.
From the late eighteenth century, Alexandria became a significant centre of the international shipping business and one of the foremost necessary commerce centres within the world, as a result, it profited from the simple land affiliation between the sea and also the sea and also the remunerative change cotton.