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  • 05 16, 2023

Alexandria Governorate Egypt

Alexandria may be a Mediterranean port town in Egypt. based in c. 331 BC by Alexander the good, Alexandria grew apace and has become a serious centre of Hellenic civilization, eventually commutation Memphis, in contemporary larger Cairo, as Egypt's capital.

throughout the Hellenistic amount, it absolutely was home to the beacon of Alexandria that was hierarchal among the Seven Wonders of the traditional World, furthermore because of the storied Library of Alexandria.

Today, the library is reincarnated within the disc-shaped, modern library, Alexandrina. Its 15th-century waterfront Qaitbay stronghold is currently a depository. referred to as the "Bride of the Mediterranean" by locals, Alexandria may be a standard tourer destination and a crucial industrial centre thanks to its fossil fuel and oil pipelines from the city.

Alexandria Governorate History


The city extends forty metric linear units (25 mi) on the northern coast of Egypt and is the largest town on the Mediterranean, the second-largest in Egypt (after Cairo), the fourth-largest town within the Arab world, the ninth-largest town in Africa, the ninth-largest geographic region in Africa, and therefore the 79th-largest geographic region by population on Earth.


The city was based originally within the neighbourhood of AN Egyptian settlement named Rhacotis (which became the Egyptian quarter of the city).

It maintained this standing for pretty much a millennium, through the amount of Roman and Roman rule till the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, once a replacement capital was based at Fustat.

Alexandria was best acknowledged for the Pharos of Alexandria (Pharos), one in all the Seven Wonders of the traditional World; its nice Library, the biggest in the ancient world; and also the land site, one in all the Seven Wonders of the centre Ages. Alexandria was the intellectual and cultural centre of the traditional Mediterranean for the abundance of the Hellenistical age and late antiquity. 

it absolutely was at only once the biggest town in the ancient world before being eventually overtaken by Rome. the town has Hellenic landmarks, old-world cafes, and sandy beaches.


The city was a significant centre of early Christianity and was the centre of the Patriarchate of Alexandria, which was one of the key centres of Christianity within the Roman Empire. In modern times, the Coptic Orthodox Catholic Church and also the Catholic Church Church of Alexandria each insistence on the present ancient heritage.

By the time of the Arab conquest of Egypt in 641 AD, the town had already been for the most part looted and lost its significance before re-emerging within the era.

 From the late eighteenth century, Alexandria became a significant centre of the international shipping business and one of the foremost necessary commerce centres within the world, as a result, it profited from the simple land affiliation between the sea and also the sea and also the remunerative change cotton.

 

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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

The city of Alexandria is located in the northern part of Egypt, along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It is situated in the Nile Delta region, approximately 225 kilometers (140 miles) north of the capital city, Cairo.

Alexandria is known for its rich historical and cultural significance. Some of its notable characteristics and contributions include:

Historical Importance: Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria became a major center of Hellenistic civilization and culture. It was the capital of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and a renowned city of learning and scholarship in the ancient world.

The Great Library of Alexandria: Perhaps its most famous historical landmark, the Library of Alexandria, was one of the most significant libraries of the ancient world. It housed countless scrolls, manuscripts, and works of literature, attracting scholars and thinkers from across the Mediterranean.

Lighthouse of Alexandria: The city was also home to the Pharos of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This massive lighthouse guided ships into the harbor and served as a symbol of the city's grandeur.

Cultural Diversity: Over the centuries, Alexandria has been a melting pot of cultures, including Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and later, Arabic influences. This cultural diversity has left its mark on the city's architecture, cuisine, and traditions.

Modern Port City: Today, Alexandria remains an important port city in Egypt and the Mediterranean region. It plays a crucial role in trade and commerce and is a popular destination for tourists.

Bibliotheca Alexandrina: In 2002, Egypt opened the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a modern library and cultural center, as a tribute to the ancient Library of Alexandria. It serves as a hub for research, education, and cultural exchange.

Alexandrian Cuisine: The city is known for its distinctive cuisine, which combines elements of Egyptian and Mediterranean culinary traditions. Seafood is a prominent feature in many dishes due to its coastal location.

Cultural Attractions: Alexandria boasts several cultural attractions, including museums, historic sites, and landmarks such as the Qaitbay Citadel, Montaza Palace, and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa.

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