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  • 05 16, 2023

the temple of Tutankhamun was in the south of Thebes, the temple was designed on the brink of the watercourse and parallel with the bank and is known recently as a result of the Temple of the city. Associate in Nursing avenue of sphinxes connected it to the nice Temple of Egyptian deity at Karnak. the fashionable name city (Arabic: Al-Uqṣur) suggests “The Palaces” or even “The Forts,” from the Roman castra.

A small tent is all that is left of the previous building on the situation, though they are all told likelihood was a temple there earlier inside the eighteenth bloodline if not before. Amenhotep III’s temple was completed by the ruler of Egypt (reigned 1333–23) and Horemheb (1319–1292). Ramesses the nice (1279–13) adscititious another court, a pylon, and obelisks; smaller additions were created to the temple in Ptolemaic times. Its hypostyle hall was just once regenerated into a Christian church, and additionally, the remains of another Christian church are going to be seen to the west of it.

The original part of the Temple of the city consisted of an associate oversize colonnade court and fancy halls and chambers on the so much facet. In one hall can be a granite shrine of Alexander the nice. the nice colonnade yard is coarctate on three sides by a double row of swish papyrus-cluster columns, their capitals imitating the umbels of the papyrus plant within the bud. Associate in Nursing entrance flanked by the towers of a pylon was planned for the north end, however, this vogue was altered, and, instead, the foremost putt feature of the temple, the associate imposing colonnade of fourteen pillars, 52 feet (16 meters) high, was added. This colonnade, which together has papyrus-umbel capitals, may area unit supposed for the central space of a hypostyle hall reasonably like that at Karnak, however, the aspect aisles weren't built; instead, introduction walls were designed down either aspect. Ramesses the nice adscititious Associate in Nursing outer court, adorned with giant statues of himself between the pillars of a double colonnade, and a lofty pylon on which he pictured pageant scenes and episodes from his wars within the land. prior to the pylon where giant statues of the ruler of Egypt (some of that remain) and an attempt of obelisks, one all told that also stands; the alternative was removed in 1831 and re-erected inside the Place American state la Concorde in Paris.

When Thebes declined politically, the city remained in the underpopulated area of the town, that huddled around the Ramesside pylon. a bunch had its headquarters inside the 18th-dynasty temple, and Coptic churches were designed around the temple and inside the Ramesside court. inside the (909–1171), a house of worship was designed over the foundations of the church inside the court; the house of worship was dedicated to part saint administrative body is acknowledged to possess introduced Islam to the city. His feast is documented with a ship procession resembling Associate within the Nursing ancient ceremony, the pageant of Opet, throughout that, on the nineteenth day of the second month, Egyptian deity was said to come back from Karnak on his state barge to travel to his totally different temple at the city, escorted by the parents of Thebes in vacation attire. Reliefs on the walls of the nice colonnade depict preparations for the procession of sacred barks throughout the pageant.

Luxor, aboard totally different Greek sites—Karnak, the formation of the Queens, and additionally the formation of the Kings—was elite as a UNESCO World Heritage website in 1979. Excavations and preservation efforts area unit current. In 1988 the Egyptian Antiquities Organization uncovered numerous 18th-dynasty statues at the court of Amenhotep III, and work to excavate and preserve the court continued through the next decades. inside the 21st century, a project began to excavate the avenue of sphinxes between the Temple of the city and additionally the good Temple of Egyptian deity at Karnak.

The up-to-date city, a city for the surrounding agricultural district, has mature north, south, and east of the temple. it is a kind of church, associated oversize proportion of the population being Christian and mosques. there is together a railway station on the Cairo-Aswān railroad, an airport, and a ferry service to the western bank. The city deposit was opened in 1975. numerous someone facilities were built-in within the latter area of the 20th century.

 

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Egypt Tours FAQ

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Luxor is a city located in Upper Egypt, along the eastern bank of the Nile River. It is approximately 670 kilometers (416 miles) south of the capital city, Cairo. Luxor is known for its rich historical and archaeological significance and is often referred to as the "world's greatest open-air museum" due to the abundance of ancient Egyptian temples and monuments in the area.

Luxor contains numerous important historical and cultural attractions, including:

   Karnak Temple: Karnak is one of the largest temple complexes in Egypt and was dedicated to the god Amun. It features a vast array of temples, chapels, pylons, and statues, making it a magnificent site for visitors interested in ancient Egyptian architecture and religious history.

   Luxor Temple: Located in the heart of Luxor city, Luxor Temple is an impressive temple complex that was dedicated to the god Amun-Ra. It is known for its grand entrance, statues, and obelisks.

   Valley of the Kings: Just across the Nile from Luxor, the Valley of the Kings is a famous archaeological site where many pharaohs from the New Kingdom period, including Tutankhamun, were buried in elaborately decorated tombs.

   Valley of the Queens: This site is where the queens and other royal family members were buried. It features several beautifully decorated tombs.

   Luxor Museum: The Luxor Museum houses a collection of artifacts from the Luxor region, including statues, jewelry, and items from the tomb of Tutankhamun.

   Hatshepsut's Temple: Also known as the Temple of Hatshepsut or Deir el-Bahri, this temple is dedicated to the female pharaoh Hatshepsut and is carved into the cliffs of the Theban Mountains.

   Colossi of Memnon: These colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III are located on the west bank of the Nile and are among the most famous monuments in Luxor.

   Medinet Habu: This complex includes the mortuary temple of Ramesses III and is known for its well-preserved reliefs.

   Ramesseum: The Ramesseum is the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II and features a large number of statues and reliefs.

   Tombs of the Nobles: These tombs on the west bank of the Nile contain the final resting places of high-ranking officials from various periods of Egyptian history.

 

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