Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian Empire, is one of the smartest and greatest war leaders of all time. He was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and became king after his father's death in 336 B.C. He conquered most of the known world of his time. Hence known as "the great" for both his military genius and his diplomatic skills in handling the diverse populations of the regions he conquered.
Alexander the Great, supporter and propagator of Hellenistic culture, King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt, hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shah of the Persian Empire. He conquered the Persian Empire - from Asia Minor to Egypt, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India - in 12 years.
Alexander III of Macedonia, universally known as Alexander the Great and is undoubtedly one of the most famous characters in history. Born in Pella in 356 B.C, he became king of Macedonia in 336 B.C and was a great conqueror capable of creating a vast empire that went from Macedonia to India.
Alexander the Great died at the age of 33 in 323 B.C after a lifetime of conquests. His great courage and his legendary deeds inspired politicians and historians to record his ambitious journey throughout history.
Politically and militarily he was educated by his father (Philip II - king of Macedonia from 359 B.C and conqueror of Greece in 338 B.C) His intellectual master was instead the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who approached him to the reading of the great Homeric poems and made him passionate about Greek culture by transmitting the idea of the superiority of the Greeks over the barbarian peoples and in particular on the Persians.
At just 16 years old, following an absence from his father, Alexander the Great gained the regency of the Kingdom. At 18 he offered his first major military test, fighting bravely in the battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C, in which the Macedonians defeated the troops of the Greeks. In 336 B.C Alexander the Great became king of Macedonia after the assassination of his father Philip at the hands of Pausanias, one of his bodyguards.
Alexander's accession to the throne was not easy. Philip's death created government problems and awakened the hopes of independence of Greek cities less willing to accept the authority of Macedonia. It also blocked the expedition that the Macedonian king was setting up to invade Asia and defeat the Persians.
The end of Ancient Egypt began with the invasion lost in 525 B.C and, in 332 B.C, Alexander the Great occupied the country and founded a new kingdom:
The conquest of Alexander the Great did not find great resistance in the population, on the contrary given the hatred that wounded among the Egyptians towards the Persians, the Macedonian king was welcomed almost as a liberator.
Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in Egypt, the capital of the country for several centuries. Upon his death, the government passed to Ptolemy, who transformed Alexandria into a powerful economic center that dominated the trade routes of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. During the Ptolemaic period, the times of Luxor, Aswan, Esna, Edfu, and Kom Ombo were built and Egypt recovered its ancient importance once again.
Egypt welcomes you with its mighty Nile along the Nile valley as you will be exploring the Luxor east and west bank tour. and marvelous monuments with Cairo Top Tours which is ready to offer our guests, the best trips in Egypt and Egypt itineraries to discover most of the important things to do in Cairo, Most visitors will make a beeline straight to the most famous sightseeing the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Adventurers, backpackers, and travel bloggers could join one of our Egypt budget tours traversing the Sahara Desert, like Siwa tours from Cairo for instance or preferably the White Desert tours Egypt
If you travel to Egypt and would like to spend a day in the shining pearl of the Mediterranean founded by Alexander the Great, the city of Alexandria as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Egypt day tours if your tour including your stay in the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours that go there for one day or if you have a long layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to book your Cairo day tours from airport like:
- Giza Pyramids Camel Ride.