Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian Empire, is one of the smartest and greatest war leaders of all time. He was the son of King Philip II of Macedon and became king after his father's death in 336 B.C. He conquered most of the known world of his time. Hence known as "the great" for both his military genius and his diplomatic skills in handling the diverse populations of the regions he conquered.
supporter and propagator of Hellenistic culture, King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt, hegemon of the Hellenic League, and Shah of the Persian Empire. He conquered the Persian Empire - from Asia Minor to Egypt, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India - in 12 years.
Alexander of Macedonia
Alexander III of Macedonia, universally known as Alexander the Great and is undoubtedly one of the most famous characters in history. Born in Pella in 356 B.C, he became king of Macedonia in 336 B.C and was a great conqueror capable of creating a vast empire that went from Macedonia to India.
Alexander the Great died at the age of 33 in 323 B.C after a lifetime of conquests. His great courage and his legendary deeds inspired politicians and historians to record his ambitious journey throughout history.
Politically and militarily he was educated by his father (Philip II - king of Macedonia from 359 B.C and conqueror of Greece in 338 B.C) His intellectual master was instead the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who approached him with the reading of the great Homeric poems and made him passionate about Greek culture by transmitting the idea of the superiority of the Greeks over the barbarian peoples and in particular on the Persians.
At just 16 years old, following an absence from his father, Alexander the Great gained the regency of the Kingdom. At 18 he offered his first major military test, fighting bravely in the battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C, in which the Macedonians defeated the troops of the Greeks. In 336 B.C Alexander the Great became king of Macedonia after the assassination of his father Philip at the hands of Pausanias, one of his bodyguards.
Alexander's accession to the throne was not easy. Philip's death created government problems and awakened the hopes of independence of Greek cities less willing to accept the authority of Macedonia. It also blocked the expedition that the Macedonian king was setting up to invade Asia and defeat the Persians.
The end of Ancient Egypt began with the invasion lost in 525 B.C and, in 332 B.C, Alexander the Great occupied the country and founded a new kingdom:
The conquest of Alexander the Great did not find great resistance in the population, on the contrary given the hatred that wound among the Egyptians towards the Persians, the Macedonian king was welcomed almost as a liberator.
Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in Egypt, the capital of the country for several centuries. Upon his death, the government passed to Ptolemy, who transformed Alexandria into a powerful economic center that dominated the trade routes of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. During the Ptolemaic period, the times of Luxor, Aswan, Esna, Edfu, and Kom Ombo were built and Egypt recovered its ancient importance once again.