Alexander the Great | Alexander of Macedonia



Alexander the Great: the life of the young Macedonian king who conquered the Persian empire in just 12 years and whose death is still shrouded in mystery.


Alexander the Great, supporter and propagator of Hellenistic culture, King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt, hegemon of the Hellenic League, Shah of the Persian Empire. He conquered the Persian Empire - from Asia Minor to Egypt, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India - in 12 years.

Alexander III of Macedonia, universally known as Alexander the Great and is undoubtedly one of the most famous characters in history. Born in Pella in 356 B.C, he became king of Macedonia in 336 B.C and was a great conqueror capable of creating a vast empire that went from Macedonia to India.
Alexander the Great died at the age of 33 in 323 B.C after a lifetime of conquests. His great courage and his legendary deeds inspired politicians and historians to record his ambitious journey throughout history.

Politically and militarily he was educated by his father (Philip II - king of Macedonia from 359 B.C and conqueror of Greece in 338 B.C) His intellectual master was instead the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who approached him to the reading of the great Homeric poems and made him passionate about Greek culture by transmitting the idea of ​​the superiority of the Greeks over the barbarian peoples and in particular on the Persians.

At just 16 years old, following an absence from his father, Alexander the Great gained the regency of the Kingdom. At 18 he offered his first major military test, fighting bravely in the battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C, in which the Macedonians defeated the troops of the Greeks. In 336 B.C Alexander the Great became king of Macedonia after the assassination of his father Philip at the hands of Pausanias, one of his bodyguards.

Alexander's accession to the throne was not easy. Philip's death created government problems and awakened the hopes of independence of Greek cities less willing to accept the authority of Macedonia. It also blocked the expedition that the Macedonian king was setting up to invade Asia and defeat the Persians.

The end of Ancient Egypt began with the invasion lost in 525 B.C and, in 332 B.C, Alexander the Great occupied the country and founded a new kingdom:

The conquest of  Alexander the Great did not find great resistance in the population, on the contrary given the hatred that wounded among the Egyptians towards the Persians, the Macedonian king was welcomed almost as a liberator.

Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in Egypt, the capital of the country for several centuries. Upon his death, the government passed to Ptolemy, who transformed Alexandria into a powerful economic center that dominated the trade routes of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. During the Ptolemaic period, the times of Luxor, AswanEsna, Edfu, and Kom Ombo were built and Egypt recovered its ancient importance once again.

If you're planning to visit Egypt, then you should consider reviewing our detailed Egypt travel guide, as it is a very unique experience during Egypt Tours that is not comparable with any other things to do in Egypt. You can enjoy one of the Classic tours in Egypt, that all travelers would like to cruise the Nile River during Christmas tours in Egypt or while the best weather during Easter tours in Egypt. Covering most of Cairo day tripsLuxor day tours in addition to Aswan excursions, that is why our travel information section is meant to useful before proceeding with Egypt's best tours for those who seek culture, history of Egypt, and luxurious accommodation while sailing the Nile Valley.

If you travel to Egypt and would like to spend a day in the shining pearl of the Mediterranean founded by Alexander the Great, the city of  Alexandria as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Egypt day tours if your tour including your stay in the capital city of EgyptCairo you can have one of the full Cairo Day tours that go there for one day or if you have a long layover in Cairo on your way to another country it will be a great chance to book your Cairo day tours from airport like:

Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

Cairo Stopover Tour.

Cairo Layover Tours to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx from Cairo airport.

Pyramids Tour from Cairo Airport.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Day tour to Giza pyramids & Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahsur.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids.

- Cairo day to tour to Saqqara and Memphis.

- Old Cairo Tour | Egyptian Museum Tour.

- Day Tour to Giza Pyramids, Memphis and Saqqara.

- Cairo Stopover Transit Tour.

- Cairo Short Break | Cairo city break.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis, Saqqara and Dahshur.

- Half day tour to Giza Pyramids and Sphinx.

- Bahariya Oasis and White Desert tour from Cairo.

- Day trip to Luxor from Cairo by flight.

- Giza Pyramids Camel Ride.

- 2 Days Safari to the white desert and bahariya oasis tour from Cairo

- Day trip to Alexandria from Cairo.

- 3 Days Bahariya Oasis Tour from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids sound and light show.

- Felucca Ride on the Nile in Cairo.

- Nile Dinner Cruise in Cairo.

- Quad Biking around Giza Pyramids.

- Mount Sinai Tours from Cairo.

- Day Tour to El Fayoum from Cairo.

Day tour to Wadi El Natroun Monasteries.

- Coptic and Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Day Tour to the Red Sea El Ain El Sokhna from Cairo.

- El Alamein Day Tour from Cairo.

- Suez Canal Day Trip from Cairo.

- Day tour to the Camel Market in Cairo.

- Pharaonic Village tour in Cairo.

- Day tour to Tanis, Bubastis and the Suez Canal from Cairo.

- El Minya tour from Cairo.

- Two days trip to El Minya from Cairo.

- Siwa Oasis from Cairo.

- Cairo by Night Tour.

- Nile Cruise Cairo Lunch.

- Cairo Shopping Tour.

- Egypt countryside trip.

- Walking tour in Cairo.

- Half-day tour to Memphis and Dahshur.

- Islamic Cairo Tour.

- Cairo unusual tour to have breakfast in an Egyptian Village.

- Cairo unusual tour to visit an Egyptian Village.

- Unusual day trip to the mosques of Albayt in Cairo.

- Unusual tour to Coptic Cairo and the Cave Church of Saint Simon.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids, Islamic Cairo and Khan El Khalili Bazaar.

- Tour to Pyramids, Egyptian Museum and Coptic Cairo.

- Cairo day tour to Saqqara, Memphis and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Half day tour to the Egyptian Museum.

- Grand Egyptian Museum Tour from Cairo.

- Half Day tour to the Grand Egyptian Museum.

- Snorkeling trip to Ain Sokhna from Cairo.

- Tanoura dance show in Cairo.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Saqqara Necropolis from Cairo.

- Giza Pyramids and Saqqara day trip with Camel Ride.

- Day tour to Giza Pyramids and Memphis City.

- Cairo Day Trip to Giza Pyramids and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Cairo Day Tour to Sakkara and Dahshur Pyramids.

- Day tour to Dahshur, Saqqara and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Dahshur, Memphis and Maidum from Cairo.

Day tour to Giza Pyramids, Dahshur, and Maidum from Cairo.

- Tour to Giza Pyramids and Meidum from Cairo.

Tour to Giza Pyramids Meidum and Saqqara from Cairo.

Tour to Giza PyramidsMemphis and Meidum from Cairo.