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King Amenhotep III

  • 05 16, 2023

El Qasr Village in Bahariya oasis

The ninth ruler of Egypt's XVIIIth dynasty was Amenophis III. He took over for his father, Thutmose IV. He had a son, Akhenaten (Akhenaten), with Queen Tiy, who took the throne after him. It appears that Amenhotep was crowned when he was still a young child, most likely between the ages of six and twelve.

His reign was divided into two major periods. During the first years of government, he appears as a strong young king, in the style of Amenhotep II, his father's predecessor. Then, in the following 25 years, he highlighted a policy of building great works and the co-direction with which his son and successor, Amenhotep IV, the future Akhenaten, was. One of the most important events in Pharaoh's life was his marriage to Tiye, the great royal wife, who played an important role during his reign.

Unfortunately, his mortuary temple, the largest of its kind ever built, was destroyed when Ramses II used it as a quarry for his own temple. Only the two colossal statues that stood at the entrance survive. These two statues are called "Colossi of Memnon" or "The Singing Ciossi of Memnon". These two massive statues are made out of stone and date back to the 18th Dynasty. They depict the king seated on the throne. They are made out of quartzite. They were built to be the guardians of the temple. This temple was destroyed because of the earthquakes and floods in Egypt. 

These Two States were named for Memnon who was a great Ethiopian hero who led his armies from Africa to Asia. According to Mythology Memnon was a mortal son of Eos. They called the singing statues because an earthquake shattered them from the upper part of them causing noise every day at dawn.

In the early years of his reign, Amenhotep was a strong young man who enjoyed sport and hunting. In his fifth year as king, he led an expedition to Nubia to put down a rebellion, but there was no need for military activity. Amenhotep favored peaceful races over war.

He married Queen Tiye who supported him during his reign as well as being a life partner, apparently in control of everything when her beloved husband was busy. The happy pair had 6 children. 4 of which were girls and had a great position in the kingdom. Their most adult son, Thutmosis, who was nominated after Amenhotep III's father, passed away as a child.

This left the kingdom to their second son, Amenhotep IV, who changed his name and is better known as Akhenaten. When Akhenaten took over, he was not very successful. His son, while famous, also did not meet the flourishing standards of Amenhotep III's rule, Tutankhamun, Despite the fact that his reign was short and ended peacefully, he is one of the most well-known Egyptian pharaohs of all time.

As he aged, Amenhotep grew fat and suffered ill health. His mummy shows that he endured painful dental diseases.

 

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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

If you are looking for a good trip to Egypt, you should first get to know the most important sights. Egypt has tourist sites built by the pharaohs such as the ancient pyramids and the Great Sphinx, Saqqara, and Memphis. In addition to Luxor, which has the most monuments in the world. you can also take a tour of the Nile. this tour contains 3 or 4 nights of exploring the temples of Egypt. Also, you should visit the Red Sea, which is the most beautiful place to have a sun tan and Enjoy the brilliant sea. 

The Ancient Pharaoh Mamluks, also known as the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and Syria, had significant political and military roles during their rule in Egypt and parts of Syria. Here are some key aspects of their political and military roles:

Political Role:

   Establishment of a Dynasty: The Mamluks rose to power in Egypt following the overthrow of the Ayyubid Dynasty in the 13th century. They established their own dynasty, known as the Bahri or Bahriyya Mamluks (1250–1382) and later the Burji Mamluks (1382–1517).

   Sultans: The Mamluks ruled as a series of sultans, with each sultan nominally leading the empire. The position of sultan was often contested, leading to frequent changes in leadership through political intrigue, assassinations, and power struggles.

   De facto Rulers: While the sultans held the highest authority, the Mamluks themselves, particularly the Bahri Mamluks, often held significant power and influence in the governance of the sultanate. They had a system of councils and amirs (military commanders) who played important roles in decision-making.

   Relations with the Islamic Caliphate: The Mamluks maintained a complex relationship with the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. While they acknowledged the nominal authority of the caliphs, they often acted independently in practice.

Military Role:

   Military Slavery: The Mamluks were originally slave soldiers who were brought to Egypt primarily as cavalry soldiers. They were of Turkic, Circassian, and other non-Arab origins and were trained for military service.

   Elite Cavalry: The Mamluk cavalry was renowned for its skill and effectiveness in battle. They played a crucial role in defending the Mamluk Sultanate against external threats, including Mongol invasions and Crusader campaigns.

   Military Campaigns: The Mamluks conducted military campaigns against various adversaries, including the Crusader states in the Levant, the Mongol Empire, and other regional powers. Their victories over the Crusaders, particularly at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, are considered significant in the history of the region.

   Defense of Islam: The Mamluks saw themselves as defenders of Islam and often framed their military campaigns as holy wars (jihads). Their success in repelling Mongol invasions and retaking Jerusalem from the Crusaders bolstered their reputation as champions of Islam.

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