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  • 05 16, 2023

Tanis The Ancient City of Egypt

Tanis was well-known by several names. Ancient Egyptians referred to it as its town, and also the Old Testament refers to the location as Zoan. these days it's referred to as Sân el-Hagar.

The site, within the Nile Delta northeast of Cairo, was the capital of the twenty-first and twenty-second dynasties, throughout the reign of the Tanite kings in Egypt's Third Intermediate amount.

The city's advantageous location enabled it to become a loaded industrial center long before the increase of Alexandria. however political fortunes shifted, and so did the river's waters—and in recent centuries the Tanis website had become a silted plain with some hill-like mounds thought to be of very little interest.

It was well-known that the traditional town was hidden somewhere within the space, however not wherever.

"People unbroken making an attempt to spot totally different places with it," aforesaid Salima Ikram, an academic of archaeology at Yankee University in Cairo and a National Geographic Society recipient.

Tanis The Lost City

Egypt's "intermediate periods" were times of weak central government once power was divided and typically passed out of Egyptian hands. throughout this point, the rulers of Tanis were of Libyan good, not scions of ancient Egyptian families. That distinction could have contributed to the city's disappearance in later years.

"It's not just like the depression of the Kings, wherever everybody knew they'd been hiding [pharaohs] for 10 generations more or less," aforesaid David Silverman, Associate in Nursing archeologist at the University of Pennsylvania.

Lost, Then Found
In 1939 a French anthropologist named the capital of South Dakota Montet brought Tanis into the twentieth century once nearly a dozen years of excavations. He unearthed a royal spot complicated that enclosed 3 intact and undisturbed burial chambers—a rare and marvelous notice.

The tombs control dazzling joyless treasures like golden masks, coffins of silver, and elaborate sarcophagi. alternative precious things enclosed bracelets, necklaces, pendants, tableware, and amulets.

Statues, vases, and jars additionally crammed the tombs, all a part of the Associate in Nursing array that also bears witness, once thousands of years, to the ability and wealth of Tanis's rulers.

One of the kings, Sheshonq II, was unknown before Montet discovered his tomb. however he wore elaborate jewelry that after adorned the additional celebrated Sheshonq I, World Health Organization is mentioned within the Bible.

"That shows you that [the kings of Tanis] were vital a minimum of throughout that point amount," Silverman aforesaid of the biblical reference.

Tanis was found for the most part because it was abandoned, therefore the town is home to several anthropology treasures additionally to the tombs. Temples, together with a Temple of Amun and a Temple of Horus, are found. Even urban districts of the traditional town stay, and also the website continues to host anthropology expeditions in search of additional finds.


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Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

Tanis, also known as San el-Hagar or Tanis in modern Arabic, is an ancient archaeological site located in the Nile Delta region of Egypt. It is situated in the modern-day governorate of Sharqia, northeast of Cairo. Tanis was once the capital of the ancient Egyptian Twenty-First Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period and later served as a significant city during the Late Period.

Tanis is known for several historical and archaeological aspects:

   Archaeological Discoveries: Tanis is famous for its rich archaeological discoveries. The site has yielded numerous artifacts, including statues, jewelry, pottery, and inscriptions, providing valuable insights into the culture and history of ancient Egypt.

   Royal Tombs: Tanis is particularly renowned for its royal tombs, where several pharaohs and high-ranking officials from the Third Intermediate Period were buried. The discovery of the tomb of Pharaoh Psusennes I, in particular, was a significant archaeological find, as it contained a wealth of treasures.

   Biblical Connections: Some scholars have suggested that Tanis may be identified with the biblical city of Zoan (also spelled "Zoan" or "Tsoan"). In the Bible, Zoan is mentioned in connection with events such as the Exodus.

   Cultural Significance: Tanis was an important cultural and religious center during its heyday, with temples dedicated to various gods and goddesses. The city played a role in the religious life of ancient Egypt.

   Historical Significance: The city's importance waxed and waned over the centuries, with periods of prosperity and decline. Tanis was a significant center of power during the Third Intermediate Period, and its rulers sought to connect with the glorious past of ancient Egypt.

   Literary References: Tanis is mentioned in various historical and literary texts from ancient Egypt. These texts provide insights into the city's administration, religious practices, and role within the broader Egyptian civilization.

   Modern Excavations: Archaeological excavations at Tanis have been ongoing since the 19th century, with several missions uncovering important artifacts and structures. French archaeologist Pierre Montet conducted notable excavations at the site in the mid-20th century.


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