Gabal Shayeb Al Banat, also known as Mount Shayeb Al Banat, is a stunning mountain located in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The mountain holds cultural significance and attracts visitors seeking natural beauty and captivating folklore.
The Mummification Museum is a unique and captivating destination that offers visitors an extraordinary glimpse into the ancient Egyptian art of mummification. It houses a vast collection of well-preserved mummies, artifacts, and interactive exhibits.
The Sphinx in White Desert is a stunning natural rock formation located in the White Desert of Egypt. Resembling the mythical creature from ancient Egyptian lore, this mesmerizing structure stands tall amidst the surreal landscape.
The English House in Egypt is a historical landmark that stands as a captivating relic of the region's tumultuous past, reflecting the impact of war and revolution on the oasis. Nestled amidst the Egyptian desert, this architectural gem holds a significant place in history.
It is common knowledge that Egypt has a warm climate and desert landscapes, but less is known about the national parks and natural reserves, which make up over 12% of the country's total geographical area. Egypt has over 30 national parks, each home to a variety of plants and animals, some of which are indigenous to Egypt and are only found there. The National Parks are popular destinations for the people of Cairo, the capital city, who come for a breath of fresh air away from the bustle of city life. The country's national parks and wildlife reserves, which draw visitors from all over the world, are one of Egypt's top tourism destinations.
People who prefer peace and tranquilly would undoubtedly enjoy spending time by themselves amid Egypt's natural beauty close to the lakes. Nature does provide one with a lot of privacy because of the tranquil waterways and the chirping birds. In fact, it's a wonderful location for self-reflection and rejuvenation while taking in the natural splendour.
Ancient Egyptian Language
Egyptian writing was presumably born in the region of the Nile Delta, in an era probably earlier than that in which cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia was established. The first examples of hieroglyphic writing, thanks to the discovery of some tablets in Abido that testify to the payment of taxes, date back to the period before the unification of the country under the first pharaoh Narmer, while the last belong to the third century when hieroglyphic writing was progressively replaced by the Coptic one, whose alphabet was derived from the Greek one.
Originally, when writing was born, each symbol corresponded to a precise meaning, while then symbols capable of expressing concepts were added. Thus the hieroglyph became a set of pictograms, ideograms, and phonograms. The basis of hieroglyphic writing will not change throughout the course of Pharaonic Egypt. The only differences that can be found between one period and another are limited to the style of writing and the search for the particular to better represent a symbol.
Spoken and literary language was remarkably different in ancient Egypt. Most of the inscriptions on tombs, temples, columns, and statues were written in an archaic style, while only a few documents approached spoken languages, such as records of transactions and letters.
Based on the prevailing literary language, the Egyptian language was divided into five periods:
Shortly before the New Kingdom ceded to Persian domination, the demotic Egyptian, so mistakenly defined by the Greeks as "popular" (from 700 B.C to around 400 AD), became the literary language in use. With the Greek and Roman domination, the Coptic will take hold which is nothing but the Greek alphabet with the addition of 7 letters. This literary language had a particular form of writing, also called demotic, and seems to represent the language spoken around 700 B.C.
The Egyptians developed two forms of writing: hieroglyphics(used for formal inscriptions on columns and walls) and cursive derivation, hieratic writing (up to around 650 B.C used for administrative, legal, and accounting documentation) which then evolved into demotic writing (from 650 B.C to around 450 AD ) and in the abnormal hieratic one (5th century B.C).
The god Thot and the alphabet:
The hieroglyph can be read either from left to right or from right to left depending on the part towards which the birds are turned. For example, if the birds are turned to the right, the reading will start from the right, while if they are turned to the left it will start from the left.
Next to the hieroglyphics, there was another script called by the Greeks hieratic, which means "sacred" even if in this case it had nothing sacred.
The hieratic was a cursive and more hasty hieroglyph used for anything that should not be engraved on stone, nor have an official character. Contrary to what one might think, this was the spelling ordinarily employed by people learned in the Roman Ptolemaic era.
With subsequent simplifications the hieratic writing will result in that called by the Greeks, once again erroneously, demotic, that is "popular" in use since the eighth century B.C, at the end of the Roman Empire, so-called to distinguish it from the previous writing, proper to the caste priestly.
Coptic, on the other hand, was a set of dialects, with additions of Greek and oriental words, written with Greek characters, with the addition of seven more signs to indicate sounds that Greek did not have. It was the late Egyptian language adopted by indigenous Christians who did not like to use Greek because "language of the pagans" and in which many translations of sacred texts are kept. In any case, it is a language that has fairly close links with ancient Egyptian for ease of understanding thanks to the presence of vowels.
Read top Egypt tours FAQs
The Ancient Egyptian language is known as "Hieroglyphs" or "Hieroglyphics." It was a complex system of pictorial symbols and characters used for writing in Ancient Egypt.
Check out our partners