Pharaoh Akhenaten, who ruled the New Kingdom of Egypt during the 18th Dynasty, ruled from 1353 to 1336 BCE. His other names, which all translate to "successful for" or "of great use to" the god Aten, are "Akhnaton," "Akhenatenaton," "Ecnaton," or "Ijnaton."
This is, accordingly, an attempt to establish a monotheistic religion, the tombs of Amarna were particularly moved to the eastern bank of the Nile but facing west.
the Akhenaten attempt ended early. After his death, he ascended to the throne as the young Tutankhamen who reopened the temples of Amun for worship, brought the capital to Thebes, and changed his name to Tutankhamen instead of the name given by his father Akhenaten which was Tutankhaten.
Akhenaten, the first known monotheist, initiated a significant theological, political, and religious revolution lasting 17 years, impacting history throughout his reign.
King Amenhotep IV Amarna City
Amenhotep IV (1372-1354 B.C), son of Amenhotep III and husband of Nefertiti. Akhenaten is a unique figure in Egyptian history, he ended the millennial religious order by introducing monotheism. Sovereign of the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom, he assumed the name of the god Aton, that is the Sun god, with whom he identified himself. After forcing the cult of this divinity, the pharaoh moved the capital from Thebes to Akhetaten, which is the current Tell El-Amarna city in El Menya, which became the center of the new cult and fought against the powerful priests who tried to keep alive the cult of the god Amun.
However, the flourishing of this new culture ended with the death of King Akhenaten. Tutankhamun, who ascended the throne a few years after Akhenaten's death, brought the capital back to Thebes and restored the cult of Amun once again.
The group of his family statues exhibited inside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is the greatest example of how art in ancient Egypt had been changed during the Amarna period.
Cairo Top Tours provides a wide range of trips that allow you to explore the must-see historical sites and places in Egypt. Our knowledgeable guides will accompany you throughout the trip, providing detailed explanations of all the sites you visit. To learn more about our tours, please visit our website. We offer one-day trips as well as longer tours, all of which include convenient services to ensure a hassle-free journey.