Latest Articles

  • Merzouga Dunes

    Merzouga Dunes

    The Erg Chebbi Dunes, also known as the Merzouga Dunes, are a stunning natural wonder located in southeastern Morocco. These majestic dunes stretch as far as the eye can see, with some reaching heights of up to 150 meters. The Erg Chebbi Dunes are a popular destination for travelers looking to experience the beauty of the Sahara Desert.

  • Khenifiss National Park

    Khenifiss National Park

    Explore the beauty of Morocco's natural reserve at Khenifiss National Park. Located in the southwestern part of the country, this park is home to diverse wildlife and stunning landscapes. Visitors can enjoy hiking, birdwatching, and exploring the unique ecosystems found in the park.

  • Ouzoud Waterfalls

    Ouzoud Waterfalls

    The Ouzoud Waterfalls, located in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, are a stunning natural wonder and a popular tourist destination. The falls cascade over a series of rocky cliffs, creating a breathtaking sight and a refreshing mist in the air. Visitors can hike down to the base of the falls, passing by olive groves and encountering local Barbary macaque monkeys along the way.

  • Todra Gorge

    Todra Gorge

    Todra Gorge, located in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, is a stunning canyon known for its towering rock walls, reaching up to 400 feet high. The gorge is a popular destination for hiking, rock climbing, and enjoying the breathtaking scenery.

  • Rif Mountains

    Rif Mountains

    The Rif Mountains, also known as Jebel al-Rif, is a mountain range located in northern Morocco, running parallel to the Mediterranean coast. Known for its stunning natural beauty, the Rif Mountains offer breathtaking views, lush green valleys, and picturesque villages. The region is also rich in biodiversity, with a variety of plant and animal species.

  • Volubilis

    Volubilis

    Discover the ancient Roman city of Volubilis near Meknes, Morocco, a UNESCO World Heritage site with remarkably preserved ruins. Explore its well-preserved remains, including a triumphal arch and stunning mosaics. Walk through ancient streets and grand villas.

The Ninth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

  • 05 16, 2023

The Ninth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt History

The 9th dynasty is from Heracleopolis, with 19 kings and a duration, according to Manetho, of 409 and 185 years. For all this time, the name of only one king, Actos, placed in the ninth dynasty is mentioned. Manetho says he was crueler than all his predecessors, but then he ended up mad and torn to pieces by a crocodile.

We are completely unaware of the circumstances that led to the rise of the "House of Akhtoy". The city of origin, Heracleopolis, is today's Ihnasya el-Medina, a town west of the Nile opposite Beni Sueif; 55 miles south of Memphis. Nothing has remained to reveal the importance it had in antiquity, but testimonies found elsewhere confirm what Manetho has handed down to us on the Heracleopolitan origin of the IX and X dynasty.

We understand that the name of Actos, or Akhtoy, was chosen by no less than three different rulers for their second cartouche. It is very probable, even if certain documents are lacking, that the first king of the dynasty adopted the name of Horo as Meribtowe ("Beloved in the heart of the Two Countries"), and to give more strength to his claims he did not hesitate to assume all pharaonic titles.

To have risen to this very high rank he must have had a character of exceptional energy, but all that remains to validate the authenticity of his existence is a copper brazier from the Louvre, an ebony stick from Mir, and a few other objects equally meaningless. A second Akhtoy, whose first name was Wahkara, is known only through a finely decorated coffin from El-Bersha, on which it seems that his cartouches were written by mistake in place of those of the true owner, the Intendant Nefri.

The existence of a third king of the same name, Akhtoy Nebkaura, is attested only by a weight coming from the excavations in Er-Retaba and by a citation in one of the few works of Egyptian fiction that have come down to us, in which the story of a farmer in the peripheral oasis of Wadi Natrun, robbed of his donkey and all the merchandise on his way to Heracleopolis.

The eloquence with which the peasant handed his complaints to the thief lord was such that he was held back so that his supplications, reproaches, and invectives could be written in order to amuse the sovereign. No less than eighteen rulers of the same family were originally registered in the Turin canon

 

Tags:
Share On Social Media:

Egypt Tours FAQ

Read top Egypt tours FAQs

The Ninth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt is a relatively obscure period in Egyptian history, and there is limited information available about its rulers and achievements. It is believed to have been a time of political instability and regional rulers. Further research and archaeological discoveries may provide more insights into this less-documented dynasty.

;

Cairo Top Tours Partners

Check out our partners

EgyptAir
Fairmont
Sonesta
the oberoi