Gamal Abdel Nasser
he was born on January 15, 1918, in Alexandria. He was an Egyptian army officer, prime minister, and then president (1956–70) of Egypt.
became a famous leader of the Arab world, established the United Arab Republic (1958–61), 2 fought wars with Israel (1956, 1967)
While serving in the Egyptian army in Sudan, Nasser met three fellow officers Zakariyya Muhyi al-Din (Zakaria Mohieddine), later vice president of the United Arab Republic Abd al-hakim amir, later field marshal; and Anwar el-Sadat, who would succeed Nasser as president.
its main goal is to overthrow the royal family and turn Egypt onto a republic.
Biography & Facts
after the success of the revolution, Mohamed Nagib was appointed president of Egypt, then he was dismissed, accused of treason, and Nasser was nominated for the presidential elections.
On June 23, 1956, 99.95 to elect Gamal Abdel Nasser as the first president of the Republic of Egypt.Nasser’s new constitution.
One month later, the United States and Great Britain reversed their decision to finance a high dam on the Nile River in light of an Egyptian arms agreement with the USSR.
Nasser nationalized Suez Canal, to use tolls to pay for his high dam project.
At the end of October 1956 Israel, Britain, and France attacked Egypt. The Suez Canal was occupied, but the Soviets and the U.N. pressure Israel, Britain, and France to withdraw, and the Suez Canal was left in 1957.
in 1958 he oversaw the unification of Egypt and Syria as the United Arab Republic, but in 1961 Syria withdrew from the entity.
In 1967,egypt demand the withdrawal of U.N. peacekeepers from Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.Egypt and five other Arab nations prepared for a united strike against Israel ,but Israel attack.
the Six-Day War with the destruction of Egypt’s air force on June 5. Israeli captured all the Sinai and crossed the Suez Canal.
Nasser attempted to resign.but the egyption people stuck to their return. After the Six-Day War, Nasser accepted.
In July 1970, the Aswan High Dam was completed. Two months later, Nasser died of a heart attack in Cairo.