Ptolemy VIII was called Yorgetis II (meaning goodness), but he was called Physkon (meaning the physical benefactor). He is the son of Ptolemy the Fifth, who ruled from 169 BC. AD in Egypt and from 163 - 145 BC. M, then from 145 - 116 BC, Egypt, and a violent revolution erupted against him in the years 130 - 131, after which he fled and was the sole ruler in that period, Cleopatra II, Queen of Egypt, but Ptolemy VIII was able to regain his kingdom and died in 116 BC. He married Junner, the king of China. She united with him against Cleopatra II
Ptolemy VIII was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI, the former king of Egypt, and he was at odds with his brother Ptolemy VIII, and conflicts between them almost led to a civil war when the Senate decided to separate Libya from Egypt and solve this prisoner dispute by giving him the kingdom of Corinth Pleisa, and he became king over it.
A few years later, Ptolemy VIII, King of Libya, claimed that his brother Ptolemy VI was trying to assassinate him and annex Libya to Egypt again - and Ptolemy cleverly covered his claim by writing and publishing a will of inheritance stating that upon his death his kingdom of Corinth would devolve to Rome. But this commandment was not implemented because he succeeded his brother Ptolemy VI on the throne of Egypt and was known as Ptolemy VIII, and he ruled Egypt for 54 years, which is the longest period in which a king from the Ptolemaic family ruled the throne of Egypt, and the second in the history of Egypt after the rule of Ramses II.
The reign of Ptolemy VIII is considered one of the most stable reigns and as a result of this political stability and friendship with Rome, the rising superpower at that time, and the lack of wars, economic prosperity occurred and trade flourished between the countries of the White Sea, which became a Roman lake, and a number of Roman visitors visited Egypt for tourism as he visited it. Official officials from Rome have published a papyrus translation dating back to the year 112 BC. It was found in the remains of an ancient village located approximately 100 km from the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids. It includes instructions and orders sent from a senior official in Alexandria: “Lucius Mimius - a Roman senator - enjoys status Great in stature and honor is making a trip from Alexandria to the Arsinoite region.
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